The filesystem layout on your Linux system is much like that found on other Unix-like systems. The design is actually specified in a published standard called the Linux Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. Not all Linux distributions conform to the standard exactly, but most come pretty close.
Next, we are going to wander around the filesystem ourselves to see what makes our Linux system tick. This will give you a chance to practice your navigation skills. One of the things we will discover is that many of the interesting files are in plain, human-readable text. As we go about our tour, try the following:
cd into a given directory.
List the directory contents with
If you see an interesting file, determine its contents with
If it ...