You are previewing The Kids' College Almanac , 4th Edition.
O'Reilly logo
The Kids' College Almanac , 4th Edition

Book Description

A fun and interesting way for middle school students to get their first information about college and how it’s a possible and worthwhile goal to pursue.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents
  5. An Introductory Note to Parents...
  6. Preface
    1. Acknowledgments
  7. Dedication
  8. 1 What Is College?
    1. Types of Colleges
    2. The History of Colleges
    3. College in the United States
      1. Land-Grant Colleges
      2. What Is My State’s Oldest College?
      3. More Colleges That Are Over 200 Years Old...
      4. Community and Junior Colleges
      5. Technology Colleges and Institutes
      6. Technical Institutes and Career Schools
      7. Statewide Systems
      8. The Campuses of the State University of New York (SUNY)
    4. What Is Affiliation?
      1. Examples of Colleges with Religious Affiliations
      2. Some Historically/Predominantly Black Colleges
    5. How Does a College Work?
      1. What Is the Student Body?
      2. Who Runs the College?
      3. Who Are the Faculty?
      4. What Are College Services?
      5. Who Are the Alumni?
      6. How Important Is the Community?
      7. Comparing Your School with College
  9. 2 Why Should I Think About College?
    1. Learning Opportunities
    2. Career Opportunities
      1. What If I Don’t Know What I Want to Do?
      2. Careers and College Education
      3. Where Can I Find Career Information?
      4. Fast-Growing Occupations
      5. How Will Education Affect My Earnings?
      6. Education and Income
      7. Who Can Tell Me About Careers?
      8. What Are Career Days?
      9. What Kinds of Career Programs Are Available?
      10. Preparing for Careers at Different Colleges
      11. What Are Career Centers?
      12. What Is Job Placement?
      13. Is College the Only Way to Prepare for a Career?
    3. Artistic Opportunities
    4. Athletic Opportunities
    5. Life Opportunities
      1. Living Independently
      2. Establishing Goals
      3. Meeting a Wide Range of People
      4. Exploring New Opportunities
  10. 3 Who Goes to College?
    1. The Basics
      1. Four-Year and Two-Year Students
      2. Residential Students and Commuters
      3. Full-Time and Part-Time Students
      4. Day and Evening Students
    2. Today’s Students
      1. Age
      2. Gender
      3. Male and Female College Enrollment
      4. Number of Women and Men at U.S. Colleges
      5. Who Went Where to College?
      6. Race and Ethnicity
      7. Geography
      8. How Many Students Are in My State?
      9. Economic Background
      10. International Students in the United States
      11. International Students in the United States
      12. Where Did U.S. Presidents Go to College?
      13. Students with Disabilities
      14. First-Generation Students
    3. The Bottom Line
  11. 4 Where Are Colleges Located?
    1. What Is a Campus?
    2. What Are Branch Campuses?
    3. Can I Learn Away from Campus?
      1. What Is Distance Learning?
      2. When Is Distance Learning a Good Choice?
      3. Online Studies
      4. Military Choices
      5. How Many Colleges Are in My State?
      6. The Largest Four-Year Colleges
    4. Exchange Programs and Consortiums
      1. Members of the Great Lakes Colleges Association
    5. Colleges Outside the United States
      1. When Should I Study Abroad?
      2. Colleges Around the World
  12. 5 What Can I Learn at College?
    1. College Degrees
      1. What Is a Bachelor’s Degree?
      2. What Other Kinds of Degrees Can I Earn?
      3. What Is an Undergraduate?
      4. What Is an Honors Graduate?
      5. Different Kinds of College Degrees
    2. Courses and Credits
    3. What Are Distribution Requirements?
    4. Majors, Minors, and Electives
      1. How Do I Choose a Major?
      2. How Do I Complete a Major?
      3. What If I Change My Mind?
      4. What Is a Minor?
      5. What Are Electives?
    5. Divisions, Disciplines, and Departments
      1. Natural and Physical Sciences
        1. Biology
        2. Chemistry
        3. Physics
        4. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
        5. Astronomy
        6. Combined Sciences
      2. Social and Behavioral Sciences
        1. Psychology
        2. Sociology
        3. Social Psychology
        4. Anthropology
        5. Political Science
        6. Economics
      3. Arts and Humanities
        1. History
        2. Philosophy
        3. Religion
        4. Classics
        5. English
        6. Performing and Applied Arts
      4. Engineering
        1. Chemical Engineering
        2. Civil Engineering
        3. Electrical Engineering
        4. Mechanical Engineering
        5. Industrial Engineering
        6. Other Engineering Fields
      5. Mathematics and Statistics
        1. Mathematics
        2. Statistics
      6. Computers and Information Systems
      7. Technology and Trades
      8. Languages
      9. Medicine and Allied Health
        1. Medicine
        2. Nursing
        3. Allied Health and Medical Technology
        4. Health and Wellness
      10. Business
        1. Management
        2. Accounting and Finance
        3. Marketing and Sales
        4. Other Business Fields
      11. Education and Library Sciences
      12. Other Programs
        1. Agriculture and Forestry
        2. Hospitality and Tourism
        3. Communications and Mass Media
        4. Military Programs
        5. Interdisciplinary Studies
        6. Cultural Studies
      13. What Else Can I Study?
      14. Other Requirements
    6. Anything and Everything!
  13. 6 How Will I Learn at College?
    1. The College Calendar
      1. What Is a Semester?
      2. Are There Other Types of College Calendars?
      3. Two Sample College Calendars
    2. Are All Classrooms the Same?
      1. Lectures
      2. Discussion Classes
      3. What Are Seminars?
      4. Lab Classes
      5. How Do Field Studies Differ from Labs?
    3. Are There Opportunities to Study on My Own?
      1. Independent Study
      2. Studios and Practice Rooms
    4. Self-Paced Learning
      1. Distance Learning
    5. Can I Combine Work with My Studies?
      1. What Is Cooperative Education?
      2. What Are Internships?
    6. Libraries and Learning Centers
      1. What Are Special Collections?
      2. Computer Labs
      3. Audiovisual (A-V) Centers
      4. Language and Listening Labs
    7. Students with Special Needs
      1. Physical and Learning Disabilities
      2. Other Challenges
      3. Additional Help for Students with Disabilities
    8. Learning Assistance
      1. Writing Centers
      2. Tutoring
    9. Learning Materials
      1. Learning Technology
  14. 7 How Do I Gather Information?
    1. Information: There’s Lots of It!
      1. What Information Do Colleges Provide?
      2. Where Do I Find This Information in the Library?
      3. What Kinds of Books Are Available?
      4. Where Else Can I Find Information?
      5. Social Networking
    2. Special Programs for Learning About College
      1. School and College Programs
      2. Government Programs
      3. Community Programs
    3. What Do I Need to Know?
      1. Size
      2. Location
      3. Setting
      4. Cost
      5. Financial Assistance
      6. Available Majors
      7. Academic Opportunity
      8. The Faculty
      9. Student-Faculty Ratio
      10. Class Size
      11. Accreditation
      12. College Facilities
      13. Health-Care Facilities
      14. Campus Security
      15. Transportation
      16. Diversity
      17. Religion
      18. Students with Special Needs
      19. Challenge and Reputation
      20. Student Activities
      21. Your Overall Feeling for the College
  15. 8 Where Should I Apply?
    1. The First Step: Know Yourself
      1. What Are Your Goals?
      2. What Are Your Likes and Dislikes?
      3. What Are Your Abilities?
      4. What Are Your Resources?
    2. Build a List of Colleges
      1. Add Colleges That Match Your Priorities
      2. How Can I Use Technology to Build My List?
      3. A Sampling of College Home Pages on the Web
    3. Find Out More
    4. Is Getting into College Hard?
      1. Open Admissions
      2. Selective Admissions
      3. Competitive Admissions
    5. How Can I Find Out What Is Required?
      1. Examples of Selectivity Across the States
    6. Narrow the Field
      1. How Many Colleges Should Be on My Final List?
    7. Keep Track of It All
      1. A Chart Can Really Help!
      2. Comparing Colleges
  16. 9 How Do I Apply to College?
    1. The Admissions Office
    2. The Application Form
    3. A Picture of Who You Are
      1. What Personal Information Does a College Want to Know?
      2. Why Do Colleges Ask These Questions?
    4. Your School Record
      1. Your Grades and GPA
      2. Your Courses
      3. What Is Class Rank?
      4. Your High School
    5. Essays
    6. Your Activities Outside Class
      1. School Activities
      2. Athletics
      3. Work
      4. Community Service and Activities
    7. Recommendations
    8. Interviews
    9. Special Considerations
      1. Can I Submit Other Materials?
      2. Other Considerations
    10. College Entrance Exams
    11. Completing the Application
      1. Are There Other Ways of Applying?
      2. A Sampling of Colleges That Accept the Common Application
    12. When Should I Apply?
      1. Rolling Admissions
      2. January and Midyear Admission
      3. Deferred Admission
      4. Conditional Admission
    13. The Costs of Applying
    14. You’re In—Now What?!?
      1. Make a Decision
      2. Send the Deposit
      3. Now Am I Done?
      4. What If I Don’t Get In?
    15. Transferring
      1. Why Would Someone Transfer?
      2. Articulation Agreements
    16. Changing Your Mind
  17. 10 How Much Does College Cost?
    1. College Costs
    2. Tuition
      1. Examples of Tuition at Four-Year Colleges
      2. Examples of Tuition at Two-Year Colleges
      3. Is Tuition More If I Attend a College Outside My Home State?
      4. What About Community Colleges?
      5. Residency Makes a Difference!
    3. Fees
      1. Why Do Colleges Charge General Fees?
      2. What Other Types of Fees Do Colleges Charge?
    4. Books, Supplies, and Equipment
    5. Room and Board
      1. Sample Room and Board Costs
    6. Other Costs
    7. Estimating and Comparing Costs
      1. Estimating College Costs
      2. Comparing Annual College Costs
  18. 11 How Will I Pay for College?
    1. Ways to Pay
    2. What Is Financial Aid?
      1. Where Does Financial Aid Come From?
      2. How Do I Qualify for Financial Aid?
      3. What Is Financial Need?
      4. How Is Need Calculated?
      5. What Are Grants and Scholarships?
      6. How Do Loan Programs Work?
      7. Private Student Loans
    3. Paying Back Loans
    4. What Are Tax Benefits?
      1. Tax Credits and Deductions
      2. Tax-Deferred Plans
    5. Tuition Savings and Prepaid Tuition
      1. What Are Tuition Savings Plans?
      2. What Is a Prepaid Tuition Plan?
    6. Work-Study Programs
    7. Financial Aid Packages
      1. When Will I Be Notified About My Financial Aid Package?
    8. Financial Aid Information on the Internet
      1. Financial Aid at Four-Year Colleges
    9. What Aid Is Available for the Military and Dependents?
    10. Payment Plans
    11. Other Ways to Pay
    12. Become Money Smart
    13. How Do I Apply for Financial Aid?
      1. What Forms Will I Need?
    14. Saving for College
      1. How Can I Save for College?
      2. Where Should I Put My Savings?
    15. Where There’s a Will, There’s a Way
      1. How Can I Lower My Costs?
      2. Remember Community Colleges
      3. The Big Picture: Paying for College*
  19. 12 How Does College Begin?
    1. How Do I Get Started?
      1. What Is Orientation?
      2. Finding Your Way
    2. What Is Placement Testing?
    3. Registering for Classes
      1. What Is Registration?
      2. Who Can Help Me with Registration?
      3. Where Do I Learn About Courses?
      4. How Do I Know Which Courses to Take?
      5. How Do I Register for Classes?
      6. How Do I Plan My Schedule?
    4. Odds and Ends
      1. Physicals, Health Forms, and Insurance
      2. IDs, Permits, and Forms
      3. Get Your Books and Supplies Early!
    5. Starting Classes
      1. What Is a Syllabus?
      2. Is Homework Graded?
      3. Keeping Up with Tests and Assignments
      4. Completing Your Schedule
      5. How Will I Be Graded?
      6. Getting Extra Help
      7. Enjoy the Ride!
  20. 13 What Happens at College?
    1. Where Will I Live?
      1. What Is a Dormitory?
      2. Who Runs the Dorms?
      3. What Other Types of Housing Are Available?
      4. How Do I Get a Roommate?
      5. What Should I Take with Me to College?
      6. What Are Fraternities and Sororities?
      7. What Are Cultural Centers?
    2. The Student Union
      1. Meals and Books
      2. Getting Mail
      3. Student Services
    3. Clubs and Organizations
      1. Academic and Career Organizations
      2. Religious Organizations
      3. Performance Organizations
      4. Service Organizations
      5. Social Organizations
      6. Political Organizations
      7. Support Organizations
    4. Extra! Learn All About It!
    5. Sports at College
      1. What Are the Academic Requirements for Athletes?
      2. What Athletic Opportunities Are Available for Women?
      3. Time Commitment
      4. Can I Play on Other Types of Teams?
      5. School Spirit
      6. Mascots and Nicknames
      7. It’s All in the Name!
    6. Student Government
    7. Special Events
    8. Feeling Like You Belong
      1. Taking Care of Yourself
      2. What If I Have Trouble with My Classes?
      3. Spreading Yourself Too Thin
      4. What If I Feel Lonely or Homesick?
      5. What Can I Do to Fit In?
  21. 14 Is College My Only Choice?
    1. Career-Technical Education
      1. What’s Different About Career-Tech Education?
      2. How Long Will I Be in Training?
      3. Sample Career Schools Across the States
    2. Preparing for Work
      1. What Are Licenses?
      2. What Is Certification?
      3. What Are Apprenticeship Programs?
      4. The Wide Range of Opportunities
    3. Choosing a Program
      1. What If I’m Not Sure What to Study?
      2. How Do I Find Out More?
    4. Accreditation
    5. Career School Costs
    6. Other Considerations
  22. 15 What Should I Do Now?
    1. Take a Picture of Yourself
    2. Explore Your Options
    3. Find Role Models and Mentors
      1. How Can Role Models Help?
      2. What Are Mentors?
    4. Check Your Study Habits and Skills
      1. Study Habits
      2. Study Skills
      3. Read, Read, Read!
      4. What If Reading Is Hard?
      5. Read, Read, Read...
      6. Computer Skills
    5. Consider Your Courses Before College
      1. What Other Choices Will I Have in High School?
      2. Should I Graduate Early from High School?
      3. What Are Gifted and Talented Programs?
      4. Do Colleges Offer Special Programs for Kids?
    6. Participate in Activities
      1. Hobbies and Organizations
      2. Community Service and Volunteering
      3. Work
      4. Other Experiences
    7. Prepare for College Costs
    8. Develop a Plan
    9. The Road Ahead
  23. Glossary
  24. Map of the United States
  25. Photo and Art Credits
  26. About the Authors
  27. Index