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The IT / Digital Legal Companion

Book Description

To compete effectively in digital business markets, you need to understand how the law affects your digital technology business.

The contents include detailed plain English business and legal guidance on:

* Securing Intellectual Property for Digital Business
* Digital Contract Fundamentals
* Open Source Rules and Strategies
* Development, Consulting and Outsourcing
* Software as a Service
* Business Software Licensing, Partnering and Distribution
* Web and Internet Agreements
* Privacy on the Internet
* Digital Multimedia Content Clearance and Distribution
* IT Standards
* Web and Mobile Technology and Content Deals
* Video Game Development Deals
* International Distribution
* User-Created Content, Mash-ups, MMOGs and Web Widgets
* And Much More

Comprehensive Business and Legal Guidance including

* Securing Intellectual Property for Digital Business
* Digital Contract Fundamentals
* Open Source Rules and Strategies
* Development, Consulting and Outsourcing
* Software as a Service
* Business Software Licensing, Partnering, and Distribution
* Web and Internet Agreements
* Privacy on the Internet
* Digital Multimedia Content Clearance and Distribution
* IT Standards
* Video Game Development and Content Deals
* International Distribution
* User-Created Content, Mash-Ups, MMOGs, and Web Widgets
* And Much More

Key Features:

* Up-to-the-Moment Legal Guide

* In Plain English

* Includes 38 Contract and Web Forms in the Book and Online

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Appreciation of The IT/Digital Legal Companion
  3. Acknowledgment by Gene Landy
  4. A Note from the Authors
  5. About the Authors
  6. About the Authors’ Law Firm
    1. Services of the Technology Business Group
      1. Focus on Technology and Business
      2. Technology Sectors that We Serve
      3. Business Services for Technology Companies
        1. Company Formation
        2. Financing Transactions
        3. Employment
        4. Trademarks and Copyrights
      4. Technology M&A and Strategic Licensing Transactions
      5. Strategic Guidance
      6. Information Technology Transactions
      7. Litigation
      8. Global Affiliations
      9. Contact
  7. Form Downloading Instructions
    1. About the Forms in The IT/Digital Legal Companion
    2. How to Register
    3. Downloading Forms
    4. If You Have a Problem or Lose Your Password
    5. Use of Forms
  8. 1. Introduction: Using this Book to Build Value
    1. Your Need to Know Digital Business Law
    2. Who is this Book For?
    3. Organization of this Book
    4. Approach of this Book
    5. Understanding and Using Intellectual Property
    6. Doing Deals
    7. Understanding and Dealing with Legal Risk Factors
    8. Global Perspective
    9. Focusing on Your End Game from the Beginning
    10. How to Use this Book
    11. Using the Legal Forms
    12. Limits to the Contents of this Book
    13. Legal Counsel
  9. 2. Digital Copyright Basics
    1. Some History
    2. Copyright Counts!
    3. In this Chapter
    4. The Nature of a Copyright
      1. What Is Covered by US Copyright Law?
      2. What Is a Computer Program under Copyright Law?
      3. The (Very Modest) Requirement of Originality
      4. Copyright and Musical Works
      5. Exclusive Rights under Copyright Law
      6. Expressions vs. Ideas and Methods
      7. How to Get a Copyright
      8. Copyright vs. Other Kinds of Intellectual Property (IP)
        1. Copyright vs. Patents
        2. Copyright vs. Trade Secrets
        3. Copyright vs. Trademark
      9. Duration of Copyright Protection
    5. Public Domain
      1. Notice
      2. Copyright Registration
    6. Infringement
    7. Derivative Works
    8. Works Made for Hire
      1. More on Work Made for Hire
      2. Work Made for Hire Clauses in Contracts
      3. Note on the Right to Revoke Copyright Grants and Transfer after 35 Years
      4. California Law Issue Involving Work Made for Hire Clauses
      5. Problems When Parties Fail to Specify Who Is to Own the Copyright
    9. Fair Use
      1. Factor-Based Analysis
        1. Factor One: What Is the Character of the Use?
          1. Commercial vs. Commercial
          2. Commentary and Criticism
        2. Factor Two: What Is the Nature of the Work that Is Copied?
        3. Factor Three: How Much of the Work Was Copied?
        4. Factor Four: What Is the Effect on the Market for the Copied Work?
        5. Applying the Factors
        6. Getting Permissions
      2. Fair Use and Personal Copying
    10. The First Sale Rule
    11. Thin Copyright Protection for Computer Databases
    12. Copy Protection Technology and Anticircumvention Law
      1. Digital Rights Management Technology and Anticircumvention
      2. Anticircumvention Law Concepts
      3. What Is Illegal under Anticircumvention Law?
      4. Absence of Defenses
    13. Registering Your Copyright
      1. How Copyright Registration Works
    14. Advantages of Copyright Registration
      1. Statutory Damages under the Copyright Act
      2. Getting a Good Shot at Attorneys’ Fees
      3. Filing for Timely Copyright Registration
      4. Presumption of Validity of Your Copyright
      5. Making Copyright Registration a Regular Practice
      6. Recording Assignments and Exclusive Licenses
    15. Criminal Copyright Violations
    16. More on Copyright Law
    17. Conclusion
  10. 3. Copyrights on the Internet, for Software Protection and Around the World
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Topic One: Copyright and the Internet
      1. Example
      2. Analysis of Web Functions
      3. Links
      4. Deep Linking
      5. Framing
      6. Linking and Peer-to-Peer Copying
      7. The DMCA Notice-and-Take-Down Rules
        1. Why Were These Rules Enacted?
        2. Who Do the Rules Protect?
        3. The Big Change in the Legal Environment for User-Supplied Content
        4. What Activities Are Protected?
        5. Limitations to the Rule
        6. No Direct Financial Benefit from Infringement
        7. Appointing an Agent and Posting a Policy
        8. Notice
        9. Put-Back Provisions
        10. Some Notes and Take-Aways
      8. Protection from Libel Claims
      9. More on Copyright and the Internet
    3. Topic Two: Copyright and Software Protection
      1. Unauthorized Copying of Copyrighted Computer Code
      2. Piracy
      3. Private Illegal Copying
      4. Pieces of Software Programs
      5. No Protection for Functional Elements Inherent in the Idea of the Application
      6. No Protection for Commonly Used Software Elements
      7. No Protection for Use of Interfaces and File Formats Needed for Compatibility
      8. External Characteristics of Computer Programs
      9. Copyright Law and the User Interface
        1. Apple vs. Microsoft
        2. Lotus vs. Borland
        3. The Bottom Line
      10. Analysis of Similarity of External Characteristics
      11. Clean Rooms: Duplicating Without Copying
      12. Is There Any Protection for the Internal Structure of a Program?
      13. Reverse Engineering
        1. Reverse Engineering and Copyright Infringement
        2. First Question: Is Some Reverse Engineering Fair Use?
        3. Second Question: Is Reverse Engineering Forbidden by the EULA?
        4. Reverse Engineering and Anticircumvention Law
        5. Reverse Engineering in the EU
    4. Topic Three: International Copyright Protection
      1. Copyright Treaties
        1. Berne Convention
        2. WIPO Copyright Treaty
        3. EU Software Directive
        4. About “Moral Rights” and Copyright
        5. Caution about Law in Other Nations
  11. 4. Trademarks and Domain Names
    1. In this Chapter
    2. What is a Trademark?
      1. Trademark Goals
      2. Trademark Risks
      3. Company Names vs. Trademarks
      4. Scope of Legal Protection
      5. Distinctiveness of Trademarks
        1. Two Kinds of Distinctiveness
      6. Strong and Weak Marks
        1. Rules of Proper Trademark Use
      7. Confusingly Similar Marks
        1. Deciding When Two Marks Are Confusingly Similar
        2. Distinctiveness in Selecting a Trademark
      8. Obtaining Priority Rights
        1. Priority from First and Continuous Use
        2. Priority from Obtaining Federal Intent-to-Use Registration
        3. Priority from Federal Registration after Use
    3. Necessity of a Trademark Search before Adopting New Marks
      1. Scope of the Trademark Search
        1. Getting Searches Done
      2. Limitations of a Trademark Search
      3. Prescreening Potential New Trademarks
      4. The Advantage of Federal Registration
      5. Federal Trademark Registration System
        1. Principal Register
        2. Supplemental Register
        3. Trademark Classes
        4. Word Trademarks and Logo Trademarks
        5. Trademark Record Keeping in Support of Registration
    4. Trademark Registration Process
      1. Keeping Your Federal Registration In Effect
    5. Do-It-Yourself Registration of US Trademarks
    6. Essential Actions to Protect Your Trademarks
      1. Trademark Notices
        1. Notice for a Federally Registered Trademark
        2. Notice for a Trademark That Is Not Federally Registered
      2. Vigilant Defense of Your Trademark to Prevent Dilution
      3. Legal Protection of Famous Trademarks
    7. Taking Trademarks Global
      1. Paris Convention and Trademarks
      2. Madrid Protocol
      3. CTM Registration in the EU
    8. Exploiting Trademarks in Distribution, Licensing, and Other Deals
      1. Trademark Guidelines
      2. Co-branding
        1. Combined Trademarks
        2. Branded Components
      3. Trademark Licensing
      4. Trademark Transfers
        1. Meta-tags
    9. Domain Names
      1. Domains and Brand Identity
      2. Domain Names vs. Trademarks
      3. Cybersquatters and Remedies
    10. Trademark Infringement Litigation
      1. The Litigation Process
      2. Proof of Infringement
      3. Fair Use under Trademark Law
      4. Infringement Remedies for Federally Registered Trademark
      5. Infringement Remedies for Unregistered Trademarks
    11. Conclusion
  12. 5. Patents and Digital Technology Companies
    1. In this Chapter
    2. The Power and Use of Patents
    3. Nature of United States Patents
      1. How Do You Get a Patent?
      2. Legal Standard for Patents
      3. Reading Patents
        1. The Importance of the Claims in the Patent
        2. The Relationship of Claims and Infringement
        3. Equivalents
        4. Broad and Narrow Claims
        5. Apparatus Claims, Method, and Article-of-Manufacturing Claims
        6. Patents and Software
      4. Patents and Disclosure
      5. Types of Infringement
      6. Limits to the Right to Exclude Others
      7. About Prior Art
      8. Searching in Patent Databases
    4. Software Patents and Business Method Patents
      1. Patents on Software Generally
      2. Business Method Patents
      3. Doubts about Some Business Method and Software Patents
    5. The Patent Application Process
      1. Patent Lawyers and Patent Agents
      2. Provisional Applications
      3. Patent Priority and Documenting Inventions
      4. Don’t Delay Filing that Patent Application!
    6. Capturing Employees and Contractors’ Inventions
      1. The Patent Issuance Process
      2. Foreign Patent Applications and PCT Applications
        1. The European Patent System
      3. Priority Date for Foreign Applications
        1. The Paris Convention
        2. The Patent Cooperation Treaty
        3. More about Priority
        4. Differing Patent Systems
    7. Inventing and Patent Strategically
      1. Strategic Factors
        1. Relationship to Core Business
        2. Extending Existing Patent Positions
        3. Watch for Unexpected Uses
        4. Fundamental Patents Are Not a Necessity
        5. Listen to Customers and Partners
        6. Blocking Competitors
        7. Up-Market and Down-Market
        8. Other Factors
      2. Deciding to Patent a Particular Invention
    8. Getting Serious about Patents
    9. Your Strategy for Use of Patents
    10. Patents in Business Deals
    11. Patent Licensing Agreements
      1. Why Engage in Patent Licensing?
      2. Business Terms
      3. Covering Contingencies
      4. Assignments
    12. How Patents Can Be Used Against Your Business
    13. Who Is at Risk of Patent Claims?
    14. If You Receive a Cease-and-Desist Letter from a Patent Holder
      1. Patent Infringement Lawsuits
        1. Criticism of the Current US Patent Critique and Proposed “Patent Reform”
        2. More Information
  13. 6. Trade Secrets and Non-Disclosure Agreements
    1. In this Chapter
    2. What Is a Trade Secret?
    3. Basis of Trade Secret Law
      1. Trade Secret Law vs. Contractual Protection of Confidential Information
      2. Technology as a Trade Secret
        1. Source Code as a Trade Secret
        2. Product Ideas—Flying Under the Radar Screen
      3. Confidential Business Information
      4. Confidential Information from Third Parties
      5. Limits to Trade Secrets
      6. How Long Trade Secrets Last
      7. Patents vs. Trade Secrets
      8. Can More Than One Company Have the Same Trade Secret?
    4. Care and Protection of Trade Secrets
      1. One Person in Charge of Confidentiality Measures
      2. Controls on Access to Confidential Data
      3. Entry Control and Badges
      4. Confidentiality Legends on Documents, Code, and Other Data
      5. Agreements with Third Parties to Protect Confidentiality
      6. Confidential Undertakings by Employees and Contractors
        1. Employee Guidelines
        2. Speeches, Paper, and Presentations
        3. New Employee Orientation
        4. Exit Process
    5. Non-Disclosure Agreements and Confidential Disclosure
      1. Mutual or Unilateral NDAs
      2. Defining “Confidential Information”
      3. What Written Information Is “Confidential Information”?
      4. What Oral or Visual Information Is “Confidential Information”?
      5. Carve-Outs from Confidential Information
      6. Prohibition of Disclosure
      7. Use of Confidential Information
      8. When Does Protection Time-Out?
      9. Risks from Others’ Confidential Information
      10. Two-Stage Disclosure
      11. Watch Out for “Residuals” Clauses
      12. Are There Oral Agreements for Non-Disclosure?
      13. Disclosure Agreements that Are the Opposite of NDAs
      14. When You Negotiate a Deal, Should NDAs Be Superseded?
      15. Confidentiality Clauses Generally
    6. Violations of Trade Secret Law
      1. What Is Illegal under Trade Secret Law?
      2. What Is not Illegal under Trade Secret Law?
      3. What if Trade Secrets Are Disclosed?
    7. Dealing with Violations of Trade Secrets
      1. Remedies Short of Litigation
    8. Is Taking Trade Secrets a Crime?
    9. Can Software Trade Secrets Be Licensed or Sold?
    10. Use of Counsel in Managing Trade Secrets
  14. 7. Confidentiality, Rights Transfer, and Non-Competition Agreements for Employees
    1. In this Chapter
      1. A Note on Terminology
      2. About Employment Law Generally
    2. The Contents of Employee Agreements
      1. Confidentiality Provisions
        1. Definition of “Confidential Information”
        2. Regarding Use and Protection of Confidential Information
        3. Confidentiality and Pre-Employment Communications
        4. Provisions in Aid of Enforcement
      2. Capturing Intellectual Property Rights
        1. Special Rule for California and Certain Other States
        2. Cooperation in Rights Transfer
        3. Documents and Records
    3. Noncompetition and Nonsolicitation Provisions
      1. State with Limitations on Restrictive Covenants
      2. About Consideration
      3. Getting Employees to Sign
      4. Enforceability of Provisions
        1. The Nature of the Employment
        2. Reasonable Scope and Duration
        3. The Non-Competition Clause
        4. Automatic Extension of Restricted Period
        5. The “Blue Pencil”
      5. Enforcement of Noncompetition Agreements by Employers
        1. Don’t Delay in Addressing a Breach
        2. Remedies Short of Litigation
        3. The Preliminary Injunction
      6. Obtaining Assurance of the Absence of Conflicting Prior Agreements
  15. 8. Introduction to Digital Product and Service Contracts
    1. In this Chapter
    2. First Topic: Contract Concepts
      1. Limits to Freedom of Contract
      2. Contracts Are Binding and Enforceable
      3. Oral and Written Agreements
      4. Trust but Verify
      5. Contracts Are More than the Words
      6. LOI and MOUs
      7. The Myth of the Two-Page Contract
      8. Contracts, Company Sales, Investments, and Due Diligence
      9. No “Agreements to Agree”
      10. Form Agreements for Your Business
    3. Conceptualizing the Contract
      1. First: the Core Economic Bargain
      2. Second: the Rules of Behavior
      3. Third: the Contingencies (Risk Allocation)
      4. Fourth: the Mechanics and Boilerplate
        1. Some Limits to this Conceptual Framework
      5. Note about the Uniform Commercial Code
      6. About UCITA
    4. Second Topic: Contract Provisions
      1. The Promised Performance
        1. Some Legal Tips on Promises
      2. The Acceptance Clause
      3. The License Grant
        1. The Philosophy of License Grants
        2. Contingencies
          1. Maintenance and Support
          2. Pricing and Payment
          3. “Equity Kickers”
          4. “Most Favored Pricing” Clauses
          5. Revenue Recognition
        3. The General Rule
        4. Additional Considerations
        5. Abuses of Revenue Recognition
          1. Reports and Audit
      4. Warranties
        1. Express Warranties
        2. Some Tips about Warranties
        3. “No Open Source” Warranties
        4. Date-Related Processing
        5. Implied Warranties
        6. Disclaiming Implied Warranties
      5. Prohibitions
      6. Confidentiality Clauses
      7. Intellectual Property Clauses
      8. Risk Allocation: Remedies, Limitations, and Damage Caps
        1. Categories of Contract Damages
          1. Direct Damages
          2. Consequential Damages
          3. Incidental Damages
          4. Legal Defaults
          5. Option to Return
        2. Contractual Damage Limitations
        3. Mutual Damage Limitations Provisions
          1. Mutual Consequential Damages Exclusions and Carve-Outs
          2. Mutual Damage Caps and Carve-Outs
          3. Variations on Damages Limitations
          4. The Risk of Overreaching
      9. Indemnification Clauses
        1. The Details of Indemnification
          1. Indemnification as Sole Remedy for Infringement
          2. Indemnification for Personal Injury
          3. Indemnification by Licensees
          4. Avoiding Indemnification for “Any Breach”
          5. Procedure for Indemnification
      10. Term, Termination, and Survival
      11. Source Code Escrows
      12. Dispute Resolution
        1. Dispute Escalation Clause
        2. Mediation
        3. Arbitration
        4. The Injunctive Relief Clause
      13. Choice of Law
      14. Choice of Jurisdiction
      15. Restriction on Assignment Clauses
      16. Change of Control
      17. Miscellaneous “Boilerplate” Clauses
    5. Third Topic: Contract Negotiations
      1. Preparation for Negotiation: the Overall Strategy
      2. Get the Background Information You Need
      3. Be Sure That You Can Deliver Value to the Other Side
      4. Assess Your Credibility
      5. Look for a Deal that Works for Both Sides
      6. Try to Start with Your Own Form
      7. Negotiating from the Other Side’s “Standard Agreement”
      8. Develop Justifications for Your Positions
      9. Negotiating in the Right Setting
      10. Deal with the Most Important Terms First
      11. Listen Hard
      12. Make Trades Rather than Concessions
      13. Negotiate Price Terms with Firmness
      14. Knowing When to Say “No” and When to Say “Yes”
    6. The Role of Legal Counsel
  16. 9. A Pragmatic Guide to Open Source
    1. Introduction
    2. In this Chapter
    3. The Popularity of Open Source Software
      1. What Is Open Source Software?
      2. Source Code vs. Binary Code
      3. Proprietary Source Code in Software Business
      4. Commercial Source Code Licensing
      5. Origins of Open Source
      6. The Generations of Open Source
      7. The Open Source Model of Licensing
      8. Perceived Advantages
      9. Perceived Disadvantages
    4. Open Source Licenses
      1. BSD License
        1. Taking BSD-Licensed Code Private
      2. GPL Version 2
        1. Required Source Availability
        2. License Inheritance
        3. Being Copyleft
      3. GPL Version 3
        1. A Lot of Continuity
        2. Incompatible and Compatible
        3. Differences and New Sections
          1. Waiving Anticircumvention
          2. Anti-Tivoization
          3. Anti-Microsoft-Novell
          4. Express Patent License
        4. Which Version Should You Use?
      4. The Lesser General Public License or LGPL
      5. The Mozilla Public License
      6. Quasi-Open Source License
      7. Which Open Source License Form Should a Developer Use?
      8. Risks in Using Collaboratively Developed Open Source Products
      9. SCO Litigation
      10. Patent Risks
      11. Dealing Pragmatically with IP Infringement Risk
      12. Open Source and Implied Patents License Grants
      13. Open Source License and Trademarks
      14. Open Source Use by Software Vendors
      15. Open Source Software and Due Diligence in Company Sales or Investment Deals
      16. Making Money with Open Source Programs Generally
      17. How Copyleft Programs Can Be Made Quasi-Private
      18. Dual Licensing
      19. Sources of Information on Open Source Matters on the Web
    5. Conclusion
  17. 10. IT Services—Development, Outsourcing, and Consulting
    1. In this Chapter
    2. The IT Consulting Business Model
    3. Development Deals
      1. Why Outside Development?
      2. Scale of Development Deals and the Development Forms
      3. Development Can Be a Risky Business
      4. Need for Planning and Risk Management
    4. Process Overview
    5. Writing and Responding to RFPs
      1. Elements of an RFP—From the Customer’s Point of View
      2. Responding to RFPs—From the Developer’s Point of View
    6. The Agreement
      1. Getting the First Draft on the Table
    7. Structure of a Development Agreement
    8. Development Planning
      1. Deliverables
      2. Requirements for Providing the Deliverables
      3. Software and Data to Be Provided for Use in Development
      4. Oversight and Management
      5. Price and Costs
      6. Acceptance
      7. Postacceptance
      8. “Detailed Design”
      9. Dealing with Informal Specifications
      10. Project Management Provisions
      11. Personnel Assigned to Development
      12. Change Management Provisions
      13. Acceptance Procedures
      14. Payment Provisions
        1. Milestone-Based
        2. Time and Materials
        3. Combinations and Variations
      15. The Right Schedule
      16. Intellectual Property—Ownership and/or License
      17. The Intellectual Property at Stake
        1. Copyright in the Software
        2. Patentable Inventions
        3. Trade Secrets
        4. Goals in Negotiating Intellectual Property Clauses
        5. Common Means to Deal with Intellectual Property in Agreements
          1. Developer Owns/License Grant Clause
          2. Work-Made-For Hire Clause/Patent Clause
          3. Foreground Intellectual Property and Background Intellectual Property Clause
          4. Other Variations
      18. Avoiding Jointly Owned intellectual Property
      19. When the Web Developer Is Also Providing Web Hosting
      20. Subcontractors
      21. Noncompetition Clauses
      22. Provisions on Confidential Information
      23. Training and Support
      24. Warranties
      25. Disclaimers and Limitations
      26. Date Processing (Y2K) Warranties
      27. Open Source Provisions
      28. Intellectual Property Warranties and Indemnities
      29. Insurance
      30. Clause on Customer Non-Solicitation of Developer Employees
      31. Termination
      32. Dispute Resolution
      33. Boilerplate Provisions
    9. About Offshoring
      1. Other Types of Consulting Business and IT Services
      2. Legal Issues in Development and Consulting Businesses
        1. Employment Issues
        2. Building a Brand
    10. Conclusion
  18. 11. Beta Test Agreements
    1. In this Chapter
    2. A Note on Terminology
    3. Goals and Contents of a Beta Test Agreement
    4. Variation in Beta Test Agreements
    5. Marketing Uses of Beta Tests
    6. Following Up on a Beta Test
    7. Beta Test Plans
    8. Two Forms of Beta Test Agreement
  19. 12. Commercial End-User Agreements
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Business Setting for Software End-User Agreements
      1. Some Guidance on License Design
      2. Form of Software End-User Agreements
      3. Agreements for Software Plus Hardware
    3. Bargaining between Vendor and Customer
      1. Vendor and Customer Goals
      2. The Request for Proposal Process
    4. Common Issues in Negotiating End-User Agreements
      1. Delivery and Acceptance
        1. Delivery
        2. Customization
        3. Installation
        4. Acceptance
      2. The Permanent License Model: Initial License Fees and Support Fees
      3. Software by the Month, Quarter, or Year
      4. Permitted Use and Pricing
        1. Servers and Workstations
        2. License for Use by a Specified Number of Users
        3. License for a Specified Number of Concurrent Users
        4. Specified Number of Servers
        5. Site License
        6. Corporate and Operating Unit License
        7. More Scope-of-Use Provisions
          1. Subsidiaries and Affiliates
          2. Supplemental Uses
          3. Internal Use or Customer’s Own Data Restrictions
          4. Home Use of Office Software
          5. Nonassignable Agreement
          6. Limitation to Specified Hardware and Software Platforms
          7. License Managers or Monitoring Software
        8. Dealing with the Future Needs
        9. Regulatory or Industry Changes
        10. Pricing Variations
        11. Pricing Increases
        12. Technology Change
      5. Software Maintenance and Support Provisions
        1. When Support Provisions Become Effective
        2. Diagnosis and Response Time
        3. Maintenance Releases
        4. New Versions of the Software
        5. Support Only for Current Versions
        6. Continuing Technical Support
      6. Training Employees to Use the Program
      7. Restrictions
      8. Confidentiality Clause
      9. Intellectual Property Indemnification
      10. Warranty Disclaimers and Remedy Limitations
        1. Warranty Disclaimers
        2. Remedy Limitations
        3. The Damage Cap
        4. Mutual Clauses
        5. The Customer’s Obligation to Back-Up Its Data
      11. Term and Termination
      12. General Provisions
    5. Source Code Escrow Agreements
      1. When to Offer Escrow
      2. The Problem with Escrow
      3. Two-Party and Three-Party Agreements
      4. Multi-Beneficiary Escrow
      5. Contents of an Escrow Agreement
        1. The Deposit
        2. Frequency of the Deposit
        3. Release Conditions
        4. The Source Code Release Process
        5. Permitted Use of Released Code
        6. Verification
        7. Other Escrow Provisions
        8. Caution in Using Form Source Code Escrow Agreements
    6. Note on Commercial Licensing Software to the Government
    7. Accounting for License Revenue
    8. Software Licensing and Sales Tax
      1. Why Sales Tax is Important?
      2. The Concept of Nexus
      3. Wholesale vs. Retail
      4. Applicability of Sales Tax to Software Products
      5. Products vs. Services
    9. Conclusion
  20. 13. Software as a Service (SaaS)
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Some SaaS History
    3. SaaS Business Varieties
    4. What Customers Like about SaaS
    5. Customer Concerns with the SaaS Model
    6. Advantages and Issues for SaaS Vendors
    7. Mixing Traditional Software Licensing and SaaS
    8. SaaS and Security
      1. Points of Vulnerability
      2. Measures for Data Security
      3. State Security Breach Notification Statutes
      4. Other Potential Harms
      5. Contract Provisions on Security
      6. Risk from Overstating Your Data Security
    9. Sas 70
    10. More Mandates
    11. Foreign Data Privacy Laws
    12. Hot, Cold, and Warm Disaster Recovery Sites
    13. Open Source: The General Public License and the “SaaS Loophole”
    14. SaaS Agreements
      1. Service or License?
      2. No Delivery of Software
      3. Customization
      4. Data Ownership
      5. Security
      6. Other Service Delivery Details
      7. Pass Through of Litigation-Related Costs
      8. Service Level Agreements
      9. Uptime Guarantee
      10. Service Response Metrics
      11. Response Time Metrics
      12. Bad Customer Data
      13. Source Code Escrow
      14. Term, Termination, and Transition
    15. Pricing in SaaS Agreements
    16. SaaS Agreement Form
  21. 14. Commercial Distribution—Part I
    1. General Principles, Deal Types, Reseller Deals, and Legal Rules
    2. In This Chapter (and the Next Chapter)
    3. A Note on Terminology—Partners and Resellers
      1. Form Distribution Agreements for Your Business
    4. Software Partnering and Channels
      1. Resellers
      2. VARs
      3. Distributors and Dealers
      4. System Integrators
      5. Rebranding, OEM, or “White Label” Deals
      6. Bundling Deals
      7. Embedded Software and Software Components
      8. Retail Distribution
      9. Sales Representatives
    5. About Strategic Alliances
    6. Reseller Agreements
      1. Vendor Goals
      2. Reseller Goals
      3. The Relationship Between the Vendor and Reseller
      4. The Risk that the Vendor Will Go Direct
      5. The Negotiation Dynamic for Software Reseller Agreements
      6. Products Covered by the Agreement
      7. End Customers Only
      8. Nonexclusive Reseller Territories
      9. Exclusive Reseller Territories
      10. Restriction on Competing Products
      11. Channel and Market Restrictions
      12. Multiple Marketing Channels
      13. Tiers of Partnerships
      14. Pricing
        1. Specified Prices
        2. Adjustable Pricing or Percentage of List
        3. Price Rise Protection
      15. Ordering, Delivery, and Payment
        1. Replication of the Product
        2. When Payment Is Due
          1. Key Locks and License Management
          2. Records and Audit
        3. Term Licenses for Customers
      16. Sales Targets
      17. Customer Information
      18. Reseller Marketing Obligations
      19. Marketing, Sale Assistance, and Reseller Training
      20. Trademark Issues
      21. Restrictions
      22. Product Warranties and Remedies
        1. Maintenance and Support
        2. Warranty Disclaimers and other Limitation
      23. Terms of Licenses to End-Users
      24. Noninfringement Warranties; Indemnification
      25. Term, Termination, and Disengagement
      26. Jurisdiction for Disputes
      27. Foreign Distributors and Resellers
    7. Some Legal Issues in Distribution
      1. State and Federal Antitrust Laws
        1. Price Fixing
        2. License Terms
        3. Restrictions on Pricing to Distributors
      2. Resale Price Maintenance
      3. Federal and State Franchise Laws
        1. The Background of Franchise Regulation
        2. Precontract Disclosure and Registration
        3. Restrictions on Termination
        4. Software Distributorship May Be a Franchise
        5. How Software Vendors Cope with Franchise Laws
      4. Common Errors
    8. Form Agreements in this Book
  22. 15. Commercial Distribution—Part II
    1. Embedded, Component, and Other Distribution Deal Variations
    2. In this Chapter
      1. Forms Agreements
      2. About “OEMs” and “OEM Deals”
        1. OEM as White Label Supplier
        2. OEM as Mass-Market PC Vendor
      3. Rebranding or White Label Deals
      4. Bundling Deals
      5. Embedded Software and Software Components
      6. Retail Distribution
        1. Sales of Packaged Software through Retail Channels
        2. Retail Download Distribution
      7. Sales Representatives
        1. Sales Representative Agreements
          1. Compensation to Sales Representatives
          2. Compensation upon Termination of the Sales Representative
    3. Form Agreements
  23. 16. Clickwraps and Browsewraps
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Uses of Electronic Contracting
    3. Categories of Mass-Market Forms Contracts
      1. Shrinkwrap Agreements
      2. Clickwrap Agreements
      3. Browsewrap Contracts
    4. Are Electronic Form Contracts Legally Enforceable?
      1. Are Clickwraps Binding?
      2. Software in the Box
      3. Electronic Signatures, E-SIGN and Clickwraps
        1. Authenticity
      4. Who is Authorized to (Digitally) Sign What?
      5. Are Browsewraps Enforceable?
        1. Protecting Web Site Data
        2. Other Aspects of Browsewrap Enforceability
    5. Product Clickwrap Agreements
      1. Acceptance of the EULA
      2. Limitations on Installation and Use of the Product
      3. Additional Restrictions
      4. Specification of Program Ownership
      5. Restriction of Copying, Transfer and Use
      6. Limited Warranties and Support
      7. Disclaimers and Liability Limitation
      8. No-Warranty EULAs
      9. Export Control Clause
      10. Licensing to the Federal Government
      11. Choice of Law, Jurisdiction
      12. Arbitration
      13. Termination
      14. Boilerplate Provisions
        1. Other Provisions that You Might Consider
        2. Distribution
        3. Keys and Anticircumvention
        4. Privacy Related Provisions
        5. Assent to DRM
        6. No Benchmarking
        7. Publicity Provisions
        8. User Feedback
        9. Clickwraps Are Not Limited to Product EULAs
      15. The Magnuson-Moss Act and Consumer Product Warranties
      16. Foreign Customs, Language, and Law
  24. 17. Terms of Use for Web Sites and Online Applications
    1. In this Chapter
    2. About Web Terms of Use
      1. When Should Your Terms Be a Clickwrap, a Browsewrap, or Both?
        1. Acceptance of the Terms of Use and of Changes
        2. Registration Rules
        3. Checkback Clauses
        4. Termination of User Registration
        5. Minimum Age
        6. Acceptance of the Privacy Policy
        7. Permitted Use
        8. Acceptance of Behavior Rules
        9. Indemnification by the User
        10. License to User-Submitted Content
        11. Liability Limitation
        12. No Spidering or Bots
        13. No Framing
        14. No Deep Linking
        15. No Responsibility for Links and Linked Content
        16. Intellectual Property (IP) Ownership
        17. Electronic Communications
        18. Patent and Other IP Grantbacks
        19. Public Companies
        20. Other Common Clauses
        21. Regulated Businesses
      2. Web Site Proprietary Notice
      3. Other Applications
      4. More Web Site Forms
  25. 18. Privacy and Use of Personal Data
    1. In this Chapter
      1. Personal Data and IT
    2. Use of the Internet to Obtain Personal Data
      1. Web Profiling and Cookies
      2. Other Identifiers
    3. Overview of US Law on Personal Data
      1. The FTC Act and Little FTC Acts
        1. The Geocities Case
        2. Other Examples
          1. RealNetworks
          2. AOL Smart Downloads
          3. DoubleClick Data Merger
          4. DoubleClick Tracking System
        3. Theories of Liability
        4. No Right of Access to Data
        5. Opt-In vs. Opt-Out
    4. Your Written Privacy Policy
      1. Goals of the Process
      2. Using Privacy Policy Forms
      3. A Team Approach
      4. What’s Covered and What’s Not
      5. The Substance of Your Privacy Policy
        1. Disclosing the Information that You Obtain from Users
        2. Disclosing Cookies and other Forms of Automated Information Collection
        3. Disclosing Your Use of Information from Users
        4. Disclosing Information Shared with Other Sites and Users
        5. Access by Children
        6. Third-Party Ad Servers and Framing and Linking
        7. Opt-In and Opt-Out
        8. Privacy Management
        9. Information Retention Policies
        10. Data Security
        11. Changes to Site
        12. Sale of Your Company
        13. Dating the Policy
        14. Be Careful about Promises
      6. Follow Up
      7. Making the Technology Fit the Policy
      8. Use Seal-of-Approval Programs
      9. California Online Privacy Protection Act
        1. Who Is Subject to CalOPPA?
        2. Nature of the CalOPPA Statute
        3. Requirement for a Privacy Policy
        4. Conspicuous Privacy Policy
      10. California’s “Shine the Light Law” and “Your California Privacy Rights”
        1. Does the Shine the Light Law Apply to Your Web Company?
        2. What Individuals Does the Law Protect?
        3. How Do Web Companies Comply with this Law?
        4. What If a Company Does Not Provide an Opt-Out?
        5. Enforcement
        6. Example of the Web Notice
    5. Data Security Breach Notification Laws
      1. California Law on Security Breach Notification
      2. The Law in Other States
      3. More Potential Liability for Financial Loss
      4. Data Security and Planning
      5. Possible Congressional Action on Data Breach Notification
      6. Credit Report Security Freeze Laws
    6. Anti-Spyware Laws
      1. Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act
        1. A Serious Law
        2. Every Business on the Web that Obtains Personal Data Is Affected by COPPA
        3. Who Is Covered by COPPA?
        4. How Can General-Purpose Sites, with No Children’s Content, Stay Clear of COPPA?
          1. Provisions in Terms of Use
          2. Banning Preteens
        5. Full COPPA Compliance
        6. Sites Directed to Children Under 13 Years Old
        7. What’s “Personal Information” under COPPA?
        8. When do the Parental Permission Obligations Apply?
        9. What Is a Site’s Privacy Policy Obligation under COPPA?
        10. Exceptions
        11. Chat Rooms, Message Boards and Kids
        12. How Do You Get Valid Parental Consent?
        13. The Cost of Getting Verification May Be Worth It!
          1. Additional Requirements
        14. Safe Harbor
    7. Anti-Spam Provisions of US Federal Law
      1. The Commercial Rules
      2. Rules for Hardcore Spammers
    8. Other Regulation of Personal Data Regulation
      1. Financial Services
      2. Health Care
    9. Privacy and the International Data Economy
      1. EU Directive on Data Protection
      2. Transferring Personal Data from the EU to the United States
      3. Taking Advantage of the EU–US “Safe Harbor Agreement”
        1. Notice
        2. Choice
        3. Transfers of Personal Information to Third Parties
        4. Access
        5. Security
        6. Data Integrity
        7. Enforcement
    10. Conclusion
  26. 19. Digital Technology Standards—Opportunities, Risks, and Strategies
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Who Is this Chapter for?
    3. Digital Technology Standards and the Modern World
    4. How Do New Digital Technology Standards Matter to Your Business?
    5. Sources of Standards
      1. Single Company
      2. De Facto Standards
      3. Establishment Standard Setting Organizations
      4. Other Broadly Based Organizations
    6. Consortia and Alliances
      1. Consortia Characteristics
    7. Participating in a Consortium—Business Issues
      1. Consortium Documents
      2. Process and Organization
    8. Tension between Patents and Standards
      1. Key Concepts in Standards-Related Patent Licenses
        1. “Compliant Portions” of Products
        2. “Necessary Claims” of Patents
        3. Reasonable and Non Discriminatory (RAND) Licensing
        4. Patents vs. Patent Applications
        5. Defensive Termination
      2. “Contributions” and Patent Licenses
      3. Proposed and Final Standards
      4. Identifying Your Necessary Claims
      5. Standards Bodies and Mergers and Acquisitions
      6. Do You Really Need a License to All So-Called Necessary Claims?
      7. Copyright
      8. Termination
    9. Patent Rules and SDOs
    10. Staying Out of Trouble with Standards
      1. Antitrust Concerns
      2. Unfair Competition and Standards
    11. Patent Pools
    12. What Is an “Open” Standard?
      1. Open Adoption Process
      2. Royalty-Free
    13. Forming Your Own Consortium
    14. Conclusion
  27. 20. Content for Digital Media
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Forms for Content
    3. Some Background: Content and Intellectual Property
      1. Copyright and Content
        1. Literal Copying and Digital Derivatives
          1. Non-Literal Copying
        2. The Public Domain
        3. Trademarks and Clearance
        4. Publicity Right (Right of Personality)
        5. The Right of Privacy
        6. A “Clearance Culture”
        7. Blending of the Old and the New
    4. Topic One: Practical Guidance in Clearing Content
      1. Getting Started in Clearance
      2. What Content Items Need Clearance
      3. Copyrights Clearance for Prose and Graphic Works
      4. A Note about Fonts
      5. Locations
      6. Copyright and Clearing Music
      7. Finding Music Copyright Holders
      8. Other Music-Related Clearance for Groups
      9. “Promotion Use” of Thumbnails and Clips
      10. Sampling
      11. Public Performance and Webcasting
      12. Special Rules for Webcasting
        1. The (Many) Restrictions for Webcasters
        2. Webcast License Royalty Payments
        3. Public Performance and Downloading
        4. Movies and Television Content
        5. Creative Commons
        6. Parodies and Other Fair Use
        7. Facts and Factual Databases
          1. The Impact of Web site “Browsewrap” Agreements
          2. The Hot News Doctrine
        8. What if You Get the Facts Wrong
      13. A Note on Dealing with Employees and Contractors
      14. Agreements that License Content for Digital Products and Services
        1. The Deliverables
        2. Grant of Rights
        3. Restrictions and Limitations
        4. Style and Quality Controls
        5. Branding Restrictions
          1. Compensation, Reports, and Audit
        6. Required Advertising and Promotion
        7. Ownership
        8. Indemnification and Insurance
        9. Confidentiality, Limitation of Liability; Other Boilerplate
    5. Topic Two: User-Supplied Content
      1. Rights Clearance in User-Supplied Content
      2. Carefully Crafted Terms of Use
      3. Content Guidelines
      4. Blogging Terms of Use
      5. Issues and Opportunities from User-Supplied Video Content
    6. Topic Three: “Just Taking” Content
      1. About Spidering
      2. Copying Without Permission and Fair Use
      3. Search Engines and Fair Use
        1. Complaints Against Search Engines
          1. The News Services
          2. Perfect 10
          3. Libraries and Publishers
        2. Some Additional Observations
      4. About Mashups
        1. Mashups and Clearance of Content
          1. Mashups and Terms of Use of Source Web Sites
          2. API Terms of Use
          3. Mashups under Copyright
          4. Owning and Running the Mashup
    7. Conclusion
  28. 21. Deals in the Web and Mobile Value Chains
    1. In this Chapter
      1. Relationship with Other Chapters
      2. Forms
    2. The Web and Mobile Communications Environment
      1. The Players
      2. Internet and Mobile
        1. Convergence and Differences
          1. Carrier Control and the “Walled Garden”
          2. Spectrum
          3. Device Limitations
          4. Adoption Ratios
        2. Internet Openness and “Net Neutrality”
    3. Topic I: Communications Technology License Agreements
      1. Defining the Basic Deal
      2. Duration of the Deal
      3. Technology Distribution through Multiple Levels
      4. Control of Sub-Distribution
      5. Source Code Integration and Transformation
      6. Indemnification for Digital Communications Products
      7. Technology On or Over the Copyright Edge
      8. Standards and Patents
        1. Other Patent Issues
      9. Other Technology Licensing Issues
    4. Topic II: Digital Content Deals
      1. The Flow of Content
      2. Digital Content Agreements
      3. Specifying the Offering
      4. The License Grant
      5. Hosting and Data Management
      6. Digital Rights Management
      7. Licensor’s Branding and Attribution
      8. Restrictions
      9. Exclusivity
      10. Links to Content Rather Than the Content Itself
      11. No Warranty of Accuracy
      12. Who Do You Trust to Supply Clearance?
      13. Indemnities
        1. Limitations to Indemnity
        2. “Take Down” Provisions
        3. Licensee’s Indemnification
      14. Payment Terms
        1. More about Revenue Sharing Provisions
      15. The DMCA Safe Harbor
    5. Topic III: Hosting and other Services
    6. About Widgets
      1. Licensing and Widgets
        1. General Observations
        2. Inviting Widget Contributions onto Your Site or Mobile Application
        3. Putting Web Widgets Out in the World
    7. Conclusion
  29. 22. Video Games! Developing Games and Doing Deals
    1. In this Chapter
    2. The Game Industry
      1. The Players
      2. Industry Segments and Genres
        1. Console Games
        2. PC Games
        3. Mobile Games
        4. Other Platforms
      3. Types and Genres
      4. Features of the Video Game Business
      5. What’s in a Video Game?
        1. Game Engine
        2. Code Libraries and Software Tools
        3. Game Scripts
        4. Video and Sound Assets
        5. Content Rights
        6. Game Title
    3. Games and IP
      1. Copyright and Games
        1. Literal Copying and Digital Derivatives
        2. Non-Literal Copying
      2. Trademarks and Video Games
      3. Patents and Games
      4. Publicity Rights (Right of Personality)
      5. Trade Secrets
      6. Note on Dealing with Employees and Contractors
      7. Third Party Game Engines/Game Tools/Libraries
    4. Publishing Agreements
      1. The Role of Publishers
      2. Shared and Diverging Goals
      3. About Leverage
      4. Term Sheets and LOIs
      5. Short Forms/Binding MOUs
      6. Prototype and Game Design Agreements
      7. The Development Provisions
        1. Goals of the Parties in Development
        2. A Preliminary Note on Game Funding
        3. Game Description
        4. Ports and Localization
        5. Members of the Development Team
        6. Game Milestones
        7. Change Control
        8. Outsourced Tasks
        9. Source Code
        10. Acceptance and Correction
        11. Marketing Support Tasks
        12. The Right to Kill Games
        13. Content and Tools
      8. Game Asset Ownership and Licensing
        1. Effect of Third Party and Publisher-Supplied IP
        2. Owners of Game Assets
          1. Game Engine
          2. Visual and Sound Assets and Brands
          3. Patent Rights
      9. Marketing Obligation
      10. The Money Provisions
        1. Development Payments
        2. Recoupment of Development Payments
        3. Percentage Royalties
        4. Gross Sales
        5. Deductions
          1. Returns/Reserve for Returns
          2. Taxes and Shipping
          3. Platform Fees and Third Party License
          4. Cost of Goods
          5. Credits to Wholesalers or Retailers
          6. Bundling
          7. Royalty-Free Copies
        6. Royalty Rates on Games and Content Packs
        7. Reports and Audits
        8. Ancillary Products
        9. Cross-Collateralization
      11. Alternatives Means of Game Financing
      12. Sequels
      13. Multigame Deals
      14. Special Issues in International Sales
      15. Geographic and Platform Limitation and Reversions
        1. Termination
          1. Without Fault Termination Provisions
          2. What’s at Stake in Termination for Breach
          3. Breach by the Developer
          4. Consequences of Development Failure (Part 1)—Loss of Royalties (or Not)
          5. Consequences of Development Failure (Part 2)—Paying Back Advances from the First Money (or Not)
          6. Developer’s (Limited) Termination Remedies for the Publisher’s Breach
      16. Other Important Provisions
    5. Internet Functionality—the Case of Blizzard v. BNETD
    6. Massively Multiplayer Online Games
      1. About MMOs
      2. How MMOs Work
      3. How MMOs Work Financially
      4. Creating MMOs
      5. Piracy-Resistant Games
      6. MMORPGs and Virtual Money
        1. No Gambling
        2. Gold Mining
        3. Taxation
      7. Other Real World Issues
    7. Conclusion
  30. 23. Going Global—Doing Business in World Markets
    1. Background: Globalization of Information Technology
    2. The Opportunity
      1. Globalization of Digital Technology Innovation
      2. Software Designed for One Country or for the World?
    3. In this Chapter
    4. Getting into Global Markets
      1. Use of US and Foreign Professionals
      2. Direct Licensing or Sale from the United States
      3. Can Your Business Be Sued in a Foreign Court?
      4. Sales Agents
    5. Foreign Distribution
      1. Benefits and Disadvantages of Distribution
      2. International Distribution Agreements
        1. What the Distributor Should Bring to the Table
        2. Territories
        3. Avoiding or Limiting Exclusivity
        4. Deciding about Sub-distribution
        5. International Software as a Service
        6. Maintenance and Support
        7. Avoiding Resale Price Maintenance
        8. Compliance with Local Packaging Rules
        9. Privacy Laws
        10. Export Controls
        11. Protecting Trademarks
        12. End User Licensing
        13. Currencies and Payment
        14. Foreign Withholding Tax
        15. Distributorship vs. Strategic Alliance
      3. Establishing Foreign Subsidiaries of Your Company
        1. Foreign Subsidiaries vs. Branch Offices
        2. Establishing a Foreign Subsidiary
        3. Other Issues with Foreign Subsidiaries
        4. Doing Your Homework
      4. Foreign Technology Development Subsidiary
        1. Global Trends in Development of Digital Technology
        2. The US–Foreign Hybrid Start-Up
        3. Intercorporate Agreement
      5. Joint Ventures
        1. A Note on Nomenclature
        2. The Record of International Joint Ventures
        3. Goals for an International Joint Venture
        4. The International Joint Venture Agreement
        5. Taxation of Foreign Operations
    6. Localization
      1. Localization by Language
      2. Other Localization
        1. Getting Localization Done
        2. Using a Localization Vendor
        3. Localization by Your Distributor
    7. Dispute Resolution Procedures
    8. International Intellectual Property Protection
      1. International Patent Strategy
      2. Copyright Protection Abroad
      3. Taking Trademarks Global
      4. Trade Secrets
    9. Dealing with Software Piracy
      1. Technological Measures
      2. Enforcement Measures
    10. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA)
    11. International Anti-Israel Boycott
    12. Conclusion
  31. 24. United States Export Controls
    1. In this Chapter
    2. Why Export Controls Matter
    3. Do You Need to Worry About Export Controls?
    4. Purpose of Export Controls
    5. Multiple Regulators
    6. Embargoed Nations and Denied Persons
      1. Trade Sanctions
      2. Prohibited Persons
    7. The Regulation of Technology Exports by BIS
      1. What Is an Export?
      2. What Is a “Deemed Export”?
      3. Overview of Rules
        1. Lists of Technologies and ECCNs
        2. Commerce Country Chart
        3. Licenses Generally
        4. Exceptions
    8. Regulation of Encryption Exports
      1. What’s Not Regulated Under the Encryption Rules
      2. Some Countries Are Treated Differently
      3. Range of Technologies
        1. No Notice, No Review
        2. Notice, No Review
        3. Notice and Review
        4. Further Restricted
        5. Reporting
      4. Other Countries Laws on Encryption
    9. Conclusion
  32. 25. Proactive Management of Your Legal Affairs
    1. The Need for Control of Legal Affairs
    2. Intellectual Property Protection Procedures
    3. Information Protection and Control
    4. Managing the Documentation of Your Business
      1. Contract Management
      2. Intellectual Property Documentation
      3. Dispute and Litigation Records
      4. Content and Permissions Documentation
      5. Form Documents
      6. Marketing and Sales Material
      7. Lists of Consultants and Professionals
    5. IP-Related Employee Documentation
    6. Periodic Legal Audits and Strategic Reviews
    7. Conclusion
  33. About These Forms
    1. Form Downloading Instructions for the IT/Digital Legal Companion
      1. About the Forms in The IT/Digital Legal Companion
      2. How to Register
      3. Downloading Forms
      4. If You Have a Problem or Lose Your Password
      5. Use of Forms
    2. 3-1. DMCA Web Site Copyright Policy
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Copyright Policy
        1. Repeat Infringers
        2. Notification of Alleged Copyright Infringement
        3. Counter Notification
    3. 4-1. Royalty-Free Trademark License Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Trademark License Agreement
    4. 4-2. Royalty Bearing Trademark License Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Trademark License Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    5. 5-1. Patent License Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Patent License Agreement
        1. Purpose of Agreement
    6. 6-1. Mutual Non-Disclosure Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Mutual Non-Disclosure Agreement
    7. 6-2. Evaluation Agreement (Pro-Recipient)
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Evaluation Agreement
    8. 7-1. Employee Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Employee Agreement
    9. 10-1. Software Development Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software Development Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    10. 10-2. Software Consulting Agreement (Favors Consultant)
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software Consulting Agreement
    11. 10-3. Software Consulting Agreement (Favors Customer)
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software Consulting Agreement
    12. 10-4. Web Site Development Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Web Site Development Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    13. 10-5. Web Hosting Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Web Site Hosting Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    14. 11-1. Beta Test Agreement – Consumer Application
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Beta Test Agreement
    15. 11-2. Beta Test Agreement – Business Application
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Beta Test Agreement
    16. 12-1. Evaluation License Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Evaluation License Agreement
    17. 12-2. Commercial End User License Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software License Agreement
    18. 12-3. Source Code Escrow Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Source Code Escrow Agreement
    19. 13-1. SaaS Customer Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Service Agreement
    20. 14-1. Reseller Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software Reseller Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    21. 15-1. OEM Software Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. OEM Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    22. 15-2. Software Bundling and Distribution Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software Bundling and Distribution Agreement
    23. 15-3. Retail Software Distribution Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Software Distribution Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    24. 15-4. Sales Representative Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Sales Representation Agreement
    25. 16-1. EULA – Consumer Product
      1. Introductory Note
      2. End User License Agreement
    26. 16-2. Clickwrap EULA—Commercial Product
      1. Introductory Note
      2. End-User License Agreement
    27. 17-1. Web Site Terms of Use
      1. Introductory Note
      2. WebCo Terms of Use
    28. 17-2. Content Guidelines
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Online Community Guidelines
    29. 17-3. Weblog Rules
      1. Introductory Note
      2. WebCo Weblog Terms of Use
    30. 18-1. Privacy Policy
      1. Introductory Note
      2. WebCo Privacy Policy
    31. 20-1. Release for Video, Images and Music
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Content Release
    32. 20-2. Right of Personality Release and Permission
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Right of Personality Release Agreement
    33. 20-3. Location Release
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Location Release Agreement
    34. 21-1. Mobile Content License Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Mobile Content License Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    35. 21-2. Media Publishing and Services Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Media Publishing and Services Agreement
      3. Terms
    36. 21-3. Affiliate Media Services Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Affiliate Media Services Agreement
    37. 22-1. Video Game Publishing Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Video Game Publishing Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    38. 23-1. International Distribution Agreement
      1. Introductory Note
      2. International Distribution Agreement
        1. Purpose of This Agreement
    39. 23-2. Term Sheet (Non-Binding) for an International Joint Venture
      1. Introductory Note
      2. Letter of Intent and Non-Binding Term Sheet
      3. Joint Venture Term Sheet