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The Internet of Things: Key Applications and Protocols

Book Description

An all-in-one reference to the major Home Area Networking, Building Automation and AMI protocols, including 802.15.4 over radio or PLC, 6LowPAN/RPL, ZigBee 1.0 and Smart Energy 2.0, Zwave, LON, BACNet, KNX, ModBus, mBus, C.12 and DLMS/COSEM, and the new ETSI M2M system level standard. In-depth coverage of Smart-grid and EV charging use cases.

This book describes the Home Area Networking, Building Automation and AMI protocols and their evolution towards open protocols based on IP such as 6LowPAN and ETSI M2M. The authors discuss the approach taken by service providers to interconnect the protocols and solve the challenge of massive scalability of machine-to-machine communication for mission-critical applications, based on the next generation machine-to-machine ETSI M2M architecture. The authors demonstrate, using the example of the smartgrid use case, how the next generation utilities, by interconnecting and activating our physical environment, will be able to deliver more energy (notably for electric vehicles) with less impact on our natural resources.

Key Features:

  • Offers a comprehensive overview of major existing M2M and AMI protocols

  • Covers the system aspects of large scale M2M and smart grid applications

  • Focuses on system level architecture, interworking, and nationwide use cases

  • Explores recent emerging technologies: 6LowPAN, ZigBee SE 2.0 and ETSI M2M, and for existing technologies covers recent developments related to interworking

  • Relates ZigBee to the issue of smartgrid, in the more general context of carrier grade M2M applications

  • Illustrates the benefits of the smartgrid concept based on real examples, including business cases

  • This book will be a valuable guide for project managers working on smartgrid, M2M, telecommunications and utility projects, system engineers and developers, networking companies, and home automation companies. It will also be of use to senior academic researchers, students, and policy makers and regulators.

    Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright
    4. List of Acronyms
    5. Introduction
    6. Part One: M2M Area Network Physical Layers
      1. Chapter 1: IEEE 802.15.4
        1. 1.1 The IEEE 802 Committee Family of Protocols
        2. 1.2 The Physical Layer
        3. 1.3 The Media-Access Control Layer
        4. 1.4 Uses of 802.15.4
        5. 1.5 The Future of 802.15.4: 802.15.4e and 802.15.4g
      2. Chapter 2: Powerline Communication for M2M Applications
        1. 2.1 Overview of PLC Technologies
        2. 2.2 PLC Landscape
        3. 2.3 Powerline Communication: A Constrained Media
        4. 2.4 The Ideal PLC System for M2M
        5. 2.5 Conclusion
    7. Part Two: Legacy M2M Protocols for Sensor Networks, Building Automation and Home Automation
      1. Chapter 3: The BACnet™ Protocol
        1. 3.1 Standardization
        2. 3.2 Technology
        3. 3.3 BACnet Security
        4. 3.4 BACnet Over Web Services (Annex N, Annex H6)
      2. Chapter 4: The LonWorks® Control Networking Platform
        1. 4.1 Standardization
        2. 4.2 Technology
        3. 4.3 Web Services Interface for LonWorks Networks: Echelon SmartServer
        4. 4.4 A REST Interface for LonWorks
      3. Chapter 5: ModBus
        1. 5.1 Introduction
        2. 5.2 ModBus Standardization
        3. 5.3 ModBus Message Framing and Transmission Modes
        4. 5.4 ModBus/TCP
      4. Chapter 6: KNX
        1. 6.1 The Konnex/KNX Association
        2. 6.2 Standardization
        3. 6.3 KNX Technology Overview
        4. 6.4 Device Configuration
      5. Chapter 7: ZigBee
        1. 7.1 Development of the Standard
        2. 7.2 ZigBee Architecture
        3. 7.3 Association
        4. 7.4 The ZigBee Network Layer
        5. 7.5 The ZigBee APS Layer
        6. 7.6 The ZigBee Device Object (ZDO) and the ZigBee Device Profile (ZDP)
        7. 7.7 ZigBee Security
        8. 7.8 The ZigBee Cluster Library (ZCL)
        9. 7.9 ZigBee Application Profiles
        10. 7.10 The ZigBee Gateway Specification for Network Devices
      6. Chapter 8: Z-Wave
        1. 8.1 History and Management of the Protocol
        2. 8.2 The Z-Wave Protocol
    8. Part Three: Legacy M2M Protocols for Utility Metering
      1. Chapter 9: M-Bus and Wireless M-Bus
        1. 9.1 Development of the Standard
        2. 9.2 M-Bus Architecture
        3. 9.3 Wireless M-Bus
      2. Chapter 10: The ANSI C12 Suite
        1. 10.1 Introduction
        2. 10.2 C12.19: The C12 Data Model
        3. 10.3 C12.18: Basic Point-to-Point Communication Over an Optical Port
        4. 10.4 C12.21: An Extension of C12.18 for Modem Communication
        5. 10.5 C12.22: C12.19 Tables Transport Over Any Networking Communication System
        6. 10.6 Other Parts of ANSI C12 Protocol Suite
        7. 10.7 RFC 6142: C12.22 Transport Over an IP Network
        8. 10.8 REST-Based Interfaces to C12.19
      3. Chapter 11: DLMS/COSEM
        1. 11.1 DLMS Standardization
        2. 11.2 The COSEM Data Model
        3. 11.3 The Object Identification System (OBIS)
        4. 11.4 The DLMS/COSEM Interface Classes
        5. 11.5 Accessing COSEM Interface Objects
        6. 11.6 End-to-End Security in the DLMS/COSEM Approach
    9. Part Four: The Next Generation: IP-Based Protocols
      1. Chapter 12: 6LoWPAN and RPL
        1. 12.1 Overview
        2. 12.2 What is 6LoWPAN? 6LoWPAN and RPL Standardization
        3. 12.3 Overview of the 6LoWPAN Adaptation Layer
        4. 12.4 Context-Based Compression: IPHC
        5. 12.5 RPL
        6. 12.6 Downward Routes, Multicast Membership
        7. 12.7 Packet Routing
      2. Chapter 13: ZigBee Smart Energy 2.0
        1. 13.1 REST Overview
        2. 13.2 ZigBee SEP 2.0 Overview
        3. 13.3 Function Sets and Device Types
        4. 13.4 ZigBee SE 2.0 Security
      3. Chapter 14: The ETSI M2M Architecture
        1. 14.1 Introduction to ETSI TC M2M
        2. 14.2 System Architecture
        3. 14.3 ETSI M2M SCL Resource Structure
        4. 14.4 ETSI M2M Interactions Overview
        5. 14.5 Security in the ETSI M2M Framework
        6. 14.6 Interworking with Machine Area Networks
        7. 14.7 Conclusion on ETSI M2M
    10. Part Five: Key Applications of the Internet of Things
      1. Chapter 15: The Smart Grid
        1. 15.1 Introduction
        2. 15.2 The Marginal Cost of Electricity: Base and Peak Production
        3. 15.3 Managing Demand: The Next Challenge of Electricity Operators … and Why M2M Will Become a Key Technology
        4. 15.4 Demand Response for Transmission System Operators (TSO)
        5. 15.5 Case Study: RTE in France
        6. 15.6 The Opportunity of Smart Distributed Energy Management
        7. 15.7 Demand Response: The Big Picture
        8. 15.8 Conclusion: The Business Case of Demand Response and Demand Shifting is a Key Driver for the Deployment of the Internet of Things
      2. Chapter 16: Electric Vehicle Charging
        1. 16.1 Charging Standards Overview
        2. 16.2 Use Cases
        3. 16.3 Conclusion
    11. Appendix A: Normal Aggregate Power Demand of a Set of Identical Heating Systems with Hysteresis
    12. Appendix B: Effect of a Decrease of Tref. The Danger of Correlation
    13. Appendix C: Changing Tref without Introducing Correlation
      1. C.1 Effect of an Increase of Tref
    14. Appendix D: Lower Consumption, A Side Benefit of Power Shedding
    15. Index