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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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11. The East

Whilst the onset of the Dark Ages, as the Roman Empire collapsed, plunged Europe into social and economic depression and chaos, it did not materially affect countries in the East, although historically there had been trade and economic contact between the two regions.

China

It is interesting how China always pops up in the forefront of developing technology, whatever the era. Its relative backwardness during most of the 20th century seems to be an aberration when viewed against the backdrop of recorded human history and the current revival in China’s economic power could be viewed as a reversion to the norm.

So it was that as our Middle Ages period started in the 11th century and Europe was showing signs of having left the ...

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