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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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10. Central/Eastern Europe

The eastern Alps

Evidence of Bronze Age copper mining and smelting has been found throughout the Alps, stretching from eastern Switzerland across Austria. A particularly large site was found in the 19th century at Muhlbach, in the Mitterberg region in Austria. The chalcopyrite copper deposit was discovered by chance, but in time (the mid-1990s) archaeologists unearthed a Late Bronze Age (1300 to 700 BC) smelting complex which almost certainly was an important user of the Muhlbach copper ore. There is evidence of an extensive set of furnaces and slag heaps, and the site is close to water that would have been used in the washing process of treatment.

The ancient mines in the Mitterberg district have also yielded ...

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