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The Hasselblad Manual, 6th Edition

Book Description

Readers will discover Hasselblad's enormous potential and its comprehensive range of lenses and accessories. Presented in an easily accessible format, this book shows not only the working and manipulation of individual cameras, but also provides insight into the ways in which these superb cameras and their ancillary equipment may be best utilized to create professional quality images. Detailed illustrations of the system dissect the equipment to show how it functions. The Hasselblad Manual also includes 80 photographs from well-known photographers, illustrating a variety of photographic techniques using a Hasselblad Camera.

Table of Contents

  1. Front Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Contents
  6. PREFACE
  7. 1 THE HASSELBLAD IMAGE FORMATS
    1. The 2¼ × 2¼-Inch Square Format
    2. The 6 × 4.5cm Format
    3. The Superslide Format
    4. The Panoramic Format
    5. The 6 × 7cm Medium Format
  8. 2 DIGITAL IMAGING WITH HASSELBLAD
    1. The Advantages of Hasselblad’s Digital Imaging System
    2. Digital Backs for the Hasselblad
    3. The Digital Camera Backs
    4. Sensor Size and Focal Length of Lens
    5. Image Quality
    6. Lenses for Digital Recording
    7. Evaluating the Tonal Range and Exposure in Electronic Imaging
      1. The Histogram
      2. Determining Exposure from the Histogram
  9. 3 THE HASSELBLAD CAMERA SYSTEMS
    1. History of the Hasselblad Camera
      1. Discontinued Items
    2. The Hasselblad Camera Systems
      1. The Hasselblad H Camera System
      2. The Hasselblad V Camera System
      3. The Hasselblad X Camera System
    3. Selecting the Shutter Type and Film Advance
      1. Focal Plane Shutters
      2. Lens Shutters
      3. Manual or Motor-Driven Film Advance
      4. The Advantages of Motorized Film Transport
    4. Holding and Supporting the Camera
      1. Handheld Photography
      2. Camera Grips and Handles
    5. Selecting and Using a Tripod
      1. Reasons for Using a Tripod
      2. Selecting a Tripod
      3. Operating the Tripod-Mounted Camera
      4. Monopods
      5. Tripod Coupling
    6. Camera Cases
  10. 4 THE HASSELBLAD H CAMERA SYSTEM
    1. The H Camera System Concept
    2. Removing the Bottom Plate
    3. Battery Operation
    4. Attaching and Removing Lenses
    5. Attaching, Removing, and Adjusting Viewfinders
      1. Adjusting the Eyepiece Diopter Correction
    6. Film Magazines and Film Loading
      1. The H Film Magazine
      2. Removing and Attaching the H Film Magazines
      3. Magazine Settings
      4. Programming the Magazine Settings
      5. Setting the Frame Counter
      6. Loading the Film
      7. Changing Film
      8. Some Suggestions about Film Loading
      9. Imprinting the Film
      10. Deciding on the Imprint
      11. Imprinting Date and Time
      12. The Instant Film Magazine
    7. Camera Operation
      1. Activating the Camera
      2. The Camera Operating Controls
      3. Preparing the Camera for Operation
      4. Releasing the Camera
      5. Operating the Self-Timer
      6. Wireless Remote Operation
      7. Interval Exposures
    8. Photographing with the H Camera
      1. Customizing Your Camera with Custom Options
    9. Focusing the H Camera
      1. Focusing Options and Settings
      2. The LED Focus Aids
      3. Automatic Focusing
      4. Focusing Override
      5. Manual Focusing
      6. Depth of Field
    10. Metering and Exposure Controls
      1. The H Camera’s Metering Modes
      2. Setting the Metering Mode
      3. Exposure Modes
      4. Metering Approaches
      5. Locking the Exposure
      6. Locking Exposure Values in the Spot Metering Mode
      7. Exposure Compensations
      8. Manual Exposure Bracketing
      9. Automatic Exposure Bracketing
      10. Programming Automatic Bracketing
    11. Other Operating and Image Creating Controls
      1. Manual Diaphragm Stop Down Control
      2. The Mirror Lock-Up Control
    12. The Custom Options
      1. Setting and Using the Options
      2. The User Button Functions
    13. Flash Photography
      1. Flash Units
      2. Shutter Speeds, Flash Sync, and Metering Modes
      3. Flash Photography with the H Camera
      4. Flash Measuring
    14. The Use and Operation of Profiles
      1. Making Your Own Profile
  11. 5 THE HASSELBLAD V SYSTEM CAMERAS AND COMPONENTS
    1. The Hasselblad 500 Series Cameras
      1. Hasselblad Classic
      2. Hasselblad 501C
      3. Hasselblad 501CM
      4. Hasselblad 503CX
      5. Hasselblad 503CXi and 503CW
      6. Camera Finishes
    2. The Motor-Driven EL Camera Models
      1. Hasselblad 500ELX
      2. Hasselblad 553ELX
      3. Hasselblad 555ELD
    3. The Hasselblad 200 Series Camera Models
      1. Hasselblad 205
      2. Hasselblad 203FE
      3. Hasselblad 202FA
      4. Hasselblad 201F
    4. The Hasselblad 2000/2003 Camera Models
    5. The Hasselblad Superwide Cameras
      1. Hasselblad Supreme Wide Angle
      2. Hasselblad Superwide C
      3. Hasselblad Superwide SWC/M
      4. Hasselblad 903SWC
      5. Hasselblad 905SWC
    6. The Hasselblad FlexBody and ArcBody Cameras
    7. Component Interchangeability in the V System
    8. Hasselblad Shutter Lenses
      1. C Lenses
      2. CF Lenses
      3. CFi Lenses
      4. CFE Lenses
      5. CB Lenses
    9. Lenses without Shutters
    10. The V System Components
      1. Removing and Attaching Lenses
      2. Removing and Attaching Film Magazines
      3. Operating the Instant Film Magazine
      4. Attaching and Removing Viewfinders
      5. Changing Focusing Screens
      6. Changing the Winding Cranks or Knobs
      7. The Auxiliary Shutter
      8. The Focal Plane Shutter
    11. Checking the Camera Functions
      1. Bottom Plate and Tripod Socket
  12. 6 OPERATING V SYSTEM CAMERAS
    1. The Basic Camera Operation
      1. The Operating Signals
    2. Setting Aperture and Shutter Speeds
      1. CFi and CFE Lenses
      2. CB Lenses
      3. CF Lenses
      4. FE, TCC, and F Non-shutter Lenses
      5. Operating C Lenses
      6. The Self-Timer in C Lenses
      7. Using Long Shutter Speeds
      8. Time Exposures
    3. Distance Setting
      1. Quick Focusing Handles
      2. Focusing Apochromatic Lenses
    4. Releasing the Camera
      1. Release Lock in Older 500 Cameras
      2. The Release on EL Camera Models
      3. The Release Cycle on Focal Plane Shutter Cameras
      4. Operating the 201F Camera
      5. Special Operating Controls on 2000/2003 Camera Models
    5. Prereleasing the Camera
      1. Prereleasing the 500 Series Cameras
      2. Prereleasing the Focal Plane Shutter Models
      3. Prereleasing the EL Models
    6. Producing Double or Multiple Exposures
    7. Operation of the 503CW Winder
      1. Attaching the 503 Winders
      2. Removing the Motor Winder
      3. Motor Operation
      4. Remote Operation
  13. 7 OPERATING THE EL CAMERAS
    1. The Motor Drive
    2. Batteries in Newer Models
    3. The NiCad Batteries in Earlier Models
      1. Recommended NiCad Battery Use
      2. Some Discontinued Items
    4. Converting Cameras
    5. Releasing the Camera
      1. The Operating Selector Dial
      2. EL Camera Operation
      3. Releasing with Cables
      4. Releasing Through the Side Socket
      5. Wireless Remote Releasing of the 555ELD
      6. Working with the Wireless Remote Control Unit
  14. 8 OPERATING THE SUPERWIDE CAMERAS
    1. Basic Camera Operation
      1. Holding the Camera
      2. Viewing with the Superwide
    2. Leveling the Camera
    3. Focusing the Superwide Cameras
      1. Focusing with the Focusing Screen Adapter
      2. Determining Exposure
  15. 9 OPERATING THE 200 CAMERAS
    1. Shutter Operation
      1. Batteries
    2. Prereleasing and Use of the Self-Timer
    3. Manual Film Advance
    4. Motor Operation
    5. Operation of Film Magazines
    6. Setting the Shutter Speed
      1. Setting the Speed Electronically
      2. Long Exposure Times
    7. Operation of FE, CFE, and TCC Lenses
      1. Operation of CFE Shutter Lenses
      2. Operation of Other Shutter Lenses
      3. Manually Closing Down the Aperture
      4. Setting the Shutter Speed on the 202FA Camera
      5. Selecting the Shutter Type
    8. The Metering System
      1. Turning On the Metering System
      2. Using the AE Lock to Turn On the System
      3. Using the Front Release or Prerelease to Turn On the System
    9. The Viewfinder Display
      1. Warning Signals
    10. Programming
      1. Programming the Functions
    11. The Metering Operation
      1. Exposure Modes
      2. Automatic Exposure Mode
      3. Automatic Bracketing Mode
      4. Differential and Zone Modes
      5. Manual Exposure Mode
      6. The ML Exposure Mode on the 202 Camera
    12. The Zone System Theory
      1. The Zone System Compensation Dial
      2. Keeping Track of the Contrast Range
      3. The Reference Mode in the 203
    13. Electronic Flash
      1. The Flash Connections
      2. Flash and Exposure Modes
      3. Flash Exposure
      4. Flash with the Original 205TCC Camera
  16. 10 SELECTION AND USE OF V SYSTEM FILM MAGAZINES
    1. V System Magazines
    2. Hasselblad Rollfilm Magazines
      1. Magazine Type
      2. Magazines for 120 Rollfilm
      3. Magazines That Are No Longer Available
      4. Magazines for 220 Rollfilm
    3. Using Magazines
      1. Care of Magazines
      2. Film Identification
      3. Operating Signals
      4. Film Inserts
      5. Loading the Magazine
      6. Unloading the Film
      7. Spacing
    4. Film Magazine 70
      1. The 70mm Film
    5. Other Film Magazines
      1. Magazine 70/100–200
      2. Magazine 70/500
      3. Sheet Film Holder and Adapter
      4. The Hasselblad Data-Recording System
    6. Use and Application of the Instant Film Magazines
      1. Checking Exposure
      2. Instant Film Magazines for Hasselblad Cameras
      3. The Purpose of the Glass Plate
      4. Adjusting for the Different Film Sensitivities
      5. Using the Instant Film Magazine on Cameras with a Built-In Metering System
      6. Care of the Instant Film and Magazine
  17. 11 V SYSTEM VIEWFINDERS AND FOCUSING SCREENS
    1. Focusing Screens
      1. The Acute Matte Focusing Screen
      2. Focusing with Split-Image Rangefinder
      3. Focusing with Microprisms
      4. Focusing Screens with Grid Lines
      5. Other Focusing Screens
      6. Cleaning Focusing Screens
    2. Viewfinders
      1. Viewfinders to Improve Camera Steadiness
      2. Viewfinders for Exposure Measurements
      3. Viewfinders for Accurate Focusing
    3. Matching the Viewfinder to Your Eyesight
      1. Adjusting the Built-In Diopter Correction
      2. Diopter Correction Lenses for the Standard Focusing Hood
      3. Adjustment of Older Finders
    4. Viewfinder Magnification
      1. The Hasselblad View Magnifier
    5. Area Coverage on the Focusing Screen
      1. Vignetting
    6. Selecting a Viewfinder
      1. The Standard Focusing Hood
      2. Magnifying Hoods
      3. Magnifying Hood 4×4 DPS
      4. Viewing from the Top
      5. 90-degree Eye-Level Viewing
      6. Reflex Viewfinder RMfx
      7. 45-degree Eye-Level Viewing
      8. Discontinued Hasselblad Viewfinders
      9. Cleaning Viewfinders
  18. 12 ACHIEVING PERFECT EXPOSURES
    1. The Incident Light-Metering Approach
      1. Using the Incident Meter on the PME Prism Viewfinders
    2. Reflected Meter Readings
      1. Light Reflectance and Gray Tones
      2. Use of a Graycard
      3. The Graycard as a Color Test
      4. Reflectance Values of Different Colors
    3. Shaded and Lighted Areas
      1. Exposing Negatives Versus Transparencies
    4. Using Various Metering Systems
      1. Metering Systems Built into Cameras
      2. Average Metering
      3. Center-Weighted Metering
      4. Center Area Metering
      5. Spot Meters
      6. Exposure in Electronic Imaging
    5. The Hasselblad Metering Systems
      1. The Advantages of a Built-In Metering System
      2. The Advantages of Spot Metering
      3. Metering Procedure with Built-In Meters
    6. The 205 Zone Mode in Color Photography
    7. Bracketing
    8. Exposure with Filters and Close-Up Accessories
    9. Exposure with Various Focusing Screens
    10. The PME 90 and PME 45 Meter Prism Viewfinders
      1. Basic Meter Prism Operation
      2. Operating the PME 90 and PME 45 Meters
      3. The PME 51 Meter Prism Finder
    11. Discontinued Items for Exposure Metering
      1. Original Meter Prism Finder
      2. PME/VFC-6 Prism Finder
      3. Exposure Meter Knob
      4. Automatic Aperture Control Lenses
  19. 13 CONTROLS FOR EXPOSURE AND CREATING IMAGES
    1. Exposure Controls
    2. Exposure and Distance Setting
      1. Exposure Values
    3. Controls for Creating Images
      1. Aperture for Depth of Field
      2. Depth of Field and the Focal Length of the Lens
      3. Medium-Format Depth of Field
      4. Depth-of-Field Scales and Charts
      5. Seeing Depth of Field on the Focusing Screen
      6. Hyperfocal Distance
      7. Manual Diaphragm Stop Down
      8. Photographing Groups
      9. Background Sharpness
    4. Creative Use of the Lens Aperture
    5. Selection of Shutter Speed
      1. Blurred Motion Effects
      2. Following Moving Subjects
  20. 14 CHARACTERISTICS AND USE OF LENSES ON ALL CAMERA MODELS
    1. Focal Length
    2. Angle of View
    3. Area Coverage
    4. Covering Power
    5. Relative Illuminance
    6. Color Rendition
    7. Lens Quality
      1. Image Quality at Different Lens Apertures
      2. Image Quality at Small Apertures
      3. Your Own Quality Tests
      4. Color Correction and Apochromatic Lenses
      5. Coating and Multicoating
      6. Using Lens Shades
      7. Older Professional Lens Shade
      8. Lens Distortion
      9. Other Image Distortions
    8. Lens Design
      1. Lenses for the H Camera System
      2. Wide-Angle Lens Designs
      3. Floating Lens Elements
      4. True Telephoto Lenses
      5. Telephoto Lenses for Close-Up Work
      6. Internal Focusing
    9. Characteristics and Use of Zoom Lenses
      1. Zoom Lenses for Close-Up Photography
      2. Using the Zoom Lens for Creative Purposes
    10. Using Fish-Eye Lenses
      1. The 30mm Distagon Lens
      2. Fish-Eye Images without the Fish-Eye Look
    11. Characteristics and Use of Teleconverters
      1. Teleconverters with Different Lenses
      2. Focusing Range and Area Coverage
      3. Image Quality with Teleconverters
      4. Exposure with Teleconverters
      5. The Mutar Teleconverters
    12. Creative Use of Lenses
      1. Changing Perspective
      2. Selective Backgrounds
      3. Effective Wide-Angle Photography
      4. Foreground Sharpness
      5. Correcting Verticals
    13. The PC Mutar Teleconverter
      1. Camera Operation with the PC Mutar
      2. Exposure with the PC Mutar
      3. Photographing with the PC Mutar
    14. Using Hasselblad Lenses on Other Cameras and on Enlargers
    15. Protecting Your Lenses
  21. 15 OPERATING THE FLEXBODY AND ARCBODY
    1. Camera Design
    2. Using the Tilt Control
      1. Limitations of Sharpness Controls
    3. The Shift Control
      1. Limitations of the Shift Control
    4. Close-Up Photography with the FlexBody
    5. Viewing, Focusing, and Evaluating the Image
    6. Taking a Picture with the FlexBody and ArcBody
  22. 16 UNDERSTANDING LIGHT AND FILTERS
    1. Using Filters
      1. Filters as Lens Protection
      2. Haze and UV Filters
      3. Neutral Density Filters
      4. Filters for Black and White Photography
    2. The Color Quality of Light
      1. Light Balance and Conversion Filters
      2. Color-Compensating Filters
      3. Fluorescent and Vapor Lights
      4. The Decamired Filter System
    3. Exposure Increase
    4. Hasselblad Filters
    5. Polarizing Filters
      1. Polarizing Filter Types
      2. Using Polarizing Filters over Light Sources
    6. Partial Filtering
    7. Quality of Filters
      1. Filters between the Lens
      2. Gelatin Filters
    8. Soft Focus Effects
      1. The Softar Filters
    9. Visible and Invisible Light
      1. Ultraviolet and Fluorescence Photography
      2. Infrared Photography
      3. Lenses and Focusing
  23. 17 FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY WITH HASSELBLAD CAMERAS
    1. Electronic Flash Photography
    2. On-Camera Flash
      1. Flash Units
    3. Flash Operation
    4. Dedicated Flash
      1. The Advantages of Dedicated Flash
      2. Setting the Film Sensitivity
      3. Setting and Using Flash Units
      4. Camera–Flash Connections
    5. Camera Operation with Flash
      1. Ready Light and Exposure Signal
    6. Using Electronic Flash for Photographing People Outdoors
      1. Selecting Aperture and Shutter Speed
      2. Determining and Changing the Flash Exposure
      3. Determining the Lighting Ratio
    7. Electronic Flash in Indoor Work
    8. Producing Better Flash Illumination
      1. Ghost Images
    9. Improving Your Dedicated Flash Pictures
      1. Test Exposures
      2. Checking Flash Sync
      3. Flash Firing Failures
      4. Dedicated Flash with the 205TCC
    10. Hasselblad Flash Units
      1. The Hasselblad D-Flash 40
      2. Flash Reflector and Area Coverage
      3. The Hasselblad Proflash 4505
      4. Ringlights
      5. The Hasselblad Macro Flash
  24. 18 CLOSE-UP PHOTOGRAPHY
    1. Focusing Range of Hasselblad Lenses
    2. Magnification
    3. Using Close-Up Lenses
    4. Extension Tubes and Bellows
    5. Depth of Field
    6. Exposure
    7. Life-Size Magnification
    8. Teleconverters for Close-Up Work
      1. Combining Extension Tubes with Teleconverter/Lens Combinations
    9. The Hasselblad Cameras in Close-Up Work
    10. Close-Up Photography with the H Camera
    11. The V System Close-Up Accessories
      1. Choosing a V System Lens
      2. Attaching and Removing V System Extension Tubes and Bellows
      3. Operating the Hasselblad Bellows
    12. How to Use the V System Close-Up Charts
    13. How to Use the H System Close-Up Charts
    14. Special Close-Up Applications
      1. Slide Duplicating
      2. Copying Documents
    15. High-Magnification Photography
    16. Photography Through the Microscope
  25. 19 THE HASSELBLAD XPAN CAMERAS
    1. Camera Models
    2. Image Format
    3. Film Processing and Printing
    4. Lenses for XPan Cameras
      1. Image Illumination
    5. Power Supply
    6. Film Loading
    7. Operating the Camera
      1. Multiple Exposures on the XPan II
      2. Remote Releasing
      3. Viewing and Focusing
    8. Composition in the Panoramic Format
    9. Exposure Control
      1. Automatic Exposure Bracketing
    10. Flash Photography
      1. Infrared Photography
  26. 20 KEEPING CAMERA EQUIPMENT IN WORKING CONDITION
    1. Minimizing Fungus
    2. Cold Weather Photography
    3. Taking Care of Batteries
  27. 21 OLDER HASSELBLAD CAMERAS
    1. Operating the 1000F and 1600F Cameras
      1. Interchangeability of Components
      2. Releasing and Shutter Operation
      3. Lenses and Lens Operation
      4. Flash Operation
    2. Operating the Original Superwide Camera
  28. 22 PROJECTING MEDIUM-FORMAT AND XPAN TRANSPARENCIES
    1. Projecting XPan Transparencies
    2. The 2½-Inch Square and 6 × 4.5cm Transparencies
    3. Slide Mounts
    4. Operating the Hasselblad PCP 80 Projector
      1. Perspective Control
      2. Voltage Selection, Projection Lamps, and Illumination System
      3. Attaching and Removing the Slide Trays
      4. The PCP 80 Operating Controls
  29. INDEX