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## CHAPTER NINE

You have now seen several examples where functions are passed as arguments to other functions, such as with fold and map. In this chapter, I will show several examples where functions are also returned as values. This will lead to several techniques for improving definitions that we have already written – techniques that we will use often in the remainder of the text.

9.1 Currying

The first improvement relates to the notation we have used to write function applications, such as simple x y z. Although I have noted the similarity of this to the mathematical notation simple(x, y, z), in fact, there is an important difference, namely that simple x y z is actually equivalent to (((simple x ...

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