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The Handbook of Conversation Analysis

Book Description

Presenting a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of theoretical and descriptive research in the field, The Handbook of Conversation Analysis brings together contributions by leading international experts to provide an invaluable information resource and reference for scholars of social interaction across the areas of conversation analysis, discourse analysis, linguistic anthropology, interpersonal communication, discursive psychology and sociolinguistics.

  • Ideal as an introduction to the field for upper level undergraduates and as an in-depth review of the latest developments for graduate level students and established scholars

  • Five sections outline the history and theory, methods, fundamental concepts, and core contexts in the study of conversation, as well as topics central to conversation analysis

  • Written by international conversation analysis experts, the book covers a wide range of topics and disciplines, from reviewing underlying structures of conversation, to describing conversation analysis' relationship to anthropology, communication, linguistics, psychology, and sociology

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics
    3. Title page
    4. Copyright page
    5. Notes on Contributors
    6. Acknowledgments
    7. 1 Introduction
      1. 1 Introduction
      2. 2 CA in Relation to Other Approaches to Language Use and Social Interaction
      3. 3 The Interdisciplinary Nature of CA
      4. 4 The Institutionalization of CA
      5. 5 Goals and Organization of the Volume
      6. 6 Conclusion
    8. Part I: Studying Social Interaction from a CA Perspective
      1. 2 Everyone and No One to Turn to: Intellectual Roots and Contexts for Conversation Analysis
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Ethnomethodology
        3. 3 Goffmanian Sociology
        4. 4 Scholarship in Greek Oral Culture
        5. 5 Philosophy
        6. 6 Linguistics
        7. 7 Ethnography, Anthropology, Sociolinguistics
        8. 8 Conclusions
      2. 3 The Conversation Analytic Approach to Data Collection
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Why Record Naturally Occurring Social Interactions?
        3. 3 The Diversity of Data Within CA
        4. 4 Technological Devices for Data Collection
        5. 5 Collecting Data for Analysis: Preserving and Making Phenomena Accessible
        6. 6 Conclusions
      3. 4 The Conversation Analytic Approach to Transcription
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Transcription Conventions
        3. 3 Transcribing Talk in Languages Other Than English
        4. 4 Transcribing Visible Conduct
        5. 5 Concerns With the CA Approach to Transcription
        6. 6 Conclusions
      4. 5 Basic Conversation Analytic Methods
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Interaction as an Object of Study: Methodological Preliminaries
        3. 3 Steps in Developing an Analysis
        4. 4 Conclusions
    9. Part II: Fundamental Structures of Conversation
      1. 6 Action Formation and Ascription
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Background: Language As Action in Sociology and Other Disciplines
        3. 3 Granularity of Action Description
        4. 4 Sequence Organization and Action Ascription
        5. 5 Action Formation and Turn Design
        6. 6 Action Formatting vs. Content-Defined Practices
        7. 7 Multiple Actions in One Turn
        8. 8 Actions vs. Projects
        9. 9 Action Types: Issues of Level and Inventory—Granularity Revisited
        10. 10 Cross-Cultural Regularities in Action Types and the Productivity of Activity Types
        11. 11 Action Streams and the Nonverbal
        12. 12 Bringing It All Together: the Distributed Nature of Action Coding
        13. 13 Future Directions
      2. 7 Turn Design
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Turn Design in Sequence
        3. 3 Turn Design and Action
        4. 4 Recipient Design
        5. 5 Conclusions
      3. 8 Turn-Constructional Units and the Transition-Relevance Place
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 TCU Endings and Transition-Relevance
        3. 3 Projecting Completion
        4. 4 Circumventing Turn Transition
        5. 5 Future Directions
      4. 9 Turn Allocation and Turn Sharing
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Turn Allocation
        3. 3 Overlapping Talk
        4. 4 Turn Sharing
        5. 5 Future Directions
      5. 10 Sequence Organization
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Social Action Sequences
        3. 3 Storytellings
        4. 4 Other Forms of Sequential Organization
        5. 5 Future Directions
      6. 11 Preference
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Overview of Existing Literature
        3. 3 Weaknesses and Omissions in Existing Research
        4. 4 Future Directions
      7. 12 Repair
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Self-Initiated and Other-Initiated Repair: The Distinction
        3. 3 Self-Initiated Repair in Same-TCU
        4. 4 Self-Initiated Repair Later than Same-TCU
        5. 5 Other-Initiated Repair
        6. 6 Future Directions
      8. 13 Overall Structural Organization
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Activity
        3. 3 The Overall Structural Organization of Entire, Single Occasions of Interaction
        4. 4 Future Directions
    10. Part III: Key Topics in CA
      1. 14 Embodied Action and Organizational Activity
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 The Interactional Production of a Turn-at-Talk
        3. 3 Turn Transition and Organization
        4. 4 The Expression of Troubles
        5. 5 Technologies in Action
        6. 6 Issues and Implications
        7. 7 Future Directions
      2. 15 Gaze in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Background: The Gaze ‘Machinery’
        3. 3 Gaze ‘Machinery’ in Social Interaction
        4. 4 Future Directions
        5. APPENDIX: Symbols for Gaze Orientation
      3. 16 Emotion, Affect and Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Emotion and Affect in Social Interaction
        3. 3 Early CA Work On Emotion
        4. 4 Emotion Displays as Consequential for Interaction
        5. 5 Emotion as a Co-constructed Interactional Resource
        6. 6 Emotion as a Vehicle in Performing Institutional Tasks
        7. 7 Displays of Emotion as an Interplay of Different Modalities: the Case of Facial Expression in Relation to Spoken Interaction
        8. 8 Conclusions
        9. 9 Future Directions
      4. 17 Affiliation in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Resources for Displaying Affiliation
        3. 3 Affiliation in Different Activities
        4. 4 Affiliation and Epistemic Stance
        5. 5 Future Directions
        6. APPENDIX: Morphological Gloss Abbreviations
      5. 18 Epistemics in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Background
        3. 3 Epistemic Stance and Epistemic Status
        4. 4 Managing the Boundaries of Epistemic Domains
        5. 5 Epistemics and Action Formation
        6. 6 Epistemics and Sequence Organization
        7. 7 Conclusions
        8. 8 Directions for Future Research
      6. 19 Question Design in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Questions
        3. 3 Questioning and the Epistemic Gradient
        4. 4 Presuppositions, Agenda Setting and Preferences
        5. 5 Social Actions Implemented by Questions
        6. 6 Questions as Building Blocks of Institutional Activities
        7. 7 Future Directions
      7. 20 Response Design in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Answers and Nonanswer Responses
        3. 3 Preference: Actions and Forms of Responses
        4. 4 Responses to Wh-Questions
        5. 5 Responses to Polar Questions
        6. 6 Visible Responses
        7. 7 Future Directions
      8. 21 Reference in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Lexical Selection in Reference: Introductory Examples of Reference to Times
        3. 3 Multiple ‘Preferences’
        4. 4 Future Directions
        5. 5 Conclusion
      9. 22 Phonetics and Prosody in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Analytic Principles
        3. 3 Outcomes
        4. 4 Transcription
        5. 5 Future Directions
      10. 23 Grammar in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Grammatical Forms As Practices for Organizing Talk in Interaction
        3. 3 Positionally Sensitive Grammars of Turn-Constructional Units and Turns
        4. 4 Action Formation and the Grammar of Clausal TCUs
        5. 5 The Contextualizing Function of Nonclausal Turn-Constructional Designs
        6. 6 Future Directions
      11. 24 Storytelling in Conversation
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Storytelling and Turn-by-Turn Talk
        3. 3 How Prospective Tellers Launch Storytellings
        4. 4 How Tellers Shape Recipient Response
        5. 5 How Recipients Respond to Storytellings
        6. 6 Recipient Responses via Body Behavior
        7. 7 Recipient Disruption of Storytelling
        8. 8 How Tellers Use Storytellings to Produce Actions
        9. 9 How Tellers end Storytellings
        10. 10 Future Directions
    11. Part IV: Key Contexts of Study in CA: Populations and Settings
      1. 25 Interaction among Children
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Sacks and Children
        3. 3 CA Work on Children Since Sacks
        4. 4 Data and Methodological Considerations
        5. 5 A Problem-Remedy Sequence
        6. 6 Object Presentations
        7. 7 An Embodied Action and Its Remedy
        8. 8 Conclusions and Future Directions
      2. 26 Conversation Analysis and the Study of Atypical Populations
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Atypical Language, Speech or Hearing
        3. 3 Atypical Cognitive Powers
        4. 4 Atypical Beliefs
        5. 5 Concluding Comments
        6. 6 Future Directions
      3. 27 Conversation Analysis in Psychotherapy
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Working Sequentially with Understandings
        3. 3 History
        4. 4 Key Practices
        5. 5 Relational Aspects of Practices
        6. 6 Future Directions
      4. 28 Conversation Analysis in Medicine
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Streams of Research in Medical CA
        3. 3 Activities, Actions and Dilemmas in Doctor-Patient Interaction
        4. 4 Future Directions in Medical CA
      5. 29 Conversation Analysis in the Classroom
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Practices in Classroom Interaction
        3. 3 Learning in Classroom Interaction
        4. 4 Future Directions
      6. 30 Conversation Analysis in the Courtroom
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Talk Designed for an Overhearing Audience
        3. 3 Common-Sense Reasoning
        4. 4 Turn-by-Turn Organization
        5. 5 Conclusions: The Courtroom Context
        6. 6 Future Directions
      7. 31 Conversation Analysis in the News Interview
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Turn-Taking: The System and Its Practices
        3. 3 Orienting to the Audience
        4. 4 Question Design and Journalistic Norms: neutralism
        5. 5 Question Design and Journalistic Norms: Adversarialness
        6. 6 Designing Answers: Responsive and Resistant
        7. 7 Openings and Closings
        8. 8 News Interview Genres
        9. 9 Quantitative Extensions
        10. 10 Future Directions
    12. Part V: CA across the Disciplines
      1. 32 Conversation Analysis and Sociology
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 The Emergence of CA in Sociology
        3. 3 Conversation Analysis as Sociology: Toward a Sociology of Interaction
        4. 4 Conversation Analysis in Sociology
        5. 5 Future Directions
      2. 33 Conversation Analysis and Communication
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Communication Research Background
        3. 3 Moving from Interpersonal to Relational Communication
        4. 4 CA’s Emergence into Communication
        5. 5 Future Directions
      3. 34 Conversation Analysis and Anthropology
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 Anthropology’s Influence on CA
        3. 3 CA’s Influence on Anthropology
        4. 4 Future Directions
      4. 35 Conversation Analysis and Psychology
        1. 1 Introduction
        2. 2 CA’s Position on Mental Life
        3. 3 Cognition, Cognitivism and Method
        4. 4 CA as the Basis for an Alternative Psychological Program
        5. 5 CA as a Resource for Identifying Classical Cognitive Objects
        6. 6 CA and Psychological Method
        7. 7 Conclusions: Conversation and Cognition
      5. 36 Conversation Analysis and Linguistics
        1. 1 Brief History of CA and Linguistics
        2. 2 CA Informing Linguistics
        3. 3 Contributions of Linguistics to CA
        4. 4 Cross-Fertilization between CA and IL
        5. 5 Challenges Facing IL
        6. 6 Conclusions
    13. References
    14. Names Index
    15. Topic Index