You are previewing The Handbook for School Safety and Security.
O'Reilly logo
The Handbook for School Safety and Security

Book Description

School security is one of the most pressing public concerns today. Yet in most schools, there is little security expertise or detailed knowledge about how to implement and manage a security program. The Handbook for School Safety and Security rectifies this problem by providing the salient information school administrators and security professionals need to address the most important security issues schools face.

Made up of contributions from leading experts in school security, The Handbook for School Safety and Security provides a wealth of practical information for securing any K-12 school. It discusses key approaches and best practices for school crime prevention, including such topics as crisis management and mass notification. It also covers the physical measure needed for protecting a school, including detailed discussions of access control, lighting, alarms, and locks.

While there is no single fix for the myriad of security challenges facing today’s school security professionals, the best practices found in The Handbook for School Safety and Security will help increase the safety and security of any school.



  • Brings together the collective experience of industry-leading subject matter specialists into one resource.
  • Covers all the key areas needed for developing and implementing a school security program.
  • Includes a list of 100 things to know when developing a school security program.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Book Opening Quote
  7. Foreword
  8. Preface
  9. About the Editors and Contributors
    1. Editors
    2. Contributors
  10. Part 1: Approaches and Best Practices for School Crime Prevention
    1. Chapter 1: Best Practices—A Sixteen-Point Master Plan
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Part A. Administrative Procedures
      4. Part B. Physical Security (See Part II)
    2. Chapter 2: Threats and Hazards at Educational Institutions
      1. Abstract
      2. Educational Institutions
      3. Threats and Hazards at Educational Institutions
      4. Protection for Educational Institutions
      5. School Districts
      6. Legislation for School Districts
      7. Protection for School Districts
      8. Colleges and Universities
      9. Safety and Fire Protection at Educational Institutions
    3. Chapter 3: Security Assessments and Prevention for K-12 Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
      4. Tragedies
      5. Conclusion
      6. Appendix A U.S. Secret Service Threat Assessment Suggestions
      7. Appendix B School Safety and Security Checklist
    4. Chapter 4: CPTED Applications for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Situational Approaches
      4. Objectives for School Environments
      5. Crime Environments
      6. Conclusion
    5. Chapter 5: An Overview of School Safety and Security
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Core Recommendations for Prevention and Mitigation
      4. Core Recommendations for Preparedness
      5. Core Recommendations for Response
      6. Core Recommendations for Recovery
      7. Prevention and Mitigation
      8. Preparedness
      9. Response
      10. Recovery
    6. Chapter 6: Empowerment of Crisis Management in Emergencies
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Case Study: Kennesaw State University
      4. Talking the Talk Is Fine, but Walking the Walk Is Where the Rubber Meets the Road
    7. Chapter 7: Prevention and Student Safety for K-12
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Solutions
    8. Chapter 8: Think Prevention and Think Safety
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Safe Travel
      4. Top Eight Steps
    9. Chapter 9: Understanding How to Use the Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) and the Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Process Hazard Analysis
      4. Layers of Protection Analysis
      5. Using LOPA
    10. Chapter 10: Mass Notification Requirements for Our Children’s Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Notifying the Masses
      4. Recent Regulatory Activities
      5. National Standards
      6. Compliance and Enforcement
      7. Mass Notification Role and Its Importance
      8. Conclusion: Addressing Gaps
    11. Chapter 11: You Get What You Pay For (Or When Free Is Not Really Free): Commentary and Insight on Free Security Consulting Services for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. The Need to do Something
      3. Reality—You Get What You Pay For
      4. Liability
      5. The Right Way
      6. Still Considering So-Called Free Services?
      7. Author’s Recommendations
    12. Chapter 12: An Access Control Template for K-12 Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Property Perimeter
      4. Building Perimeter
      5. Visitor and Vendor Management
      6. Hallways and Classrooms
      7. Conclusions
    13. Chapter 13: “Crime Risk” versus “Feeling Safe” in Schools: True and False Risk Assessment in Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Risk Assessment
      4. Feeling Safe
      5. Conclusion
    14. Chapter 14: Partnering with Local First Responders and Public Safety Officials
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Law Enforcement
      4. Fire/EMS
      5. Emergency Management
      6. Conclusion
    15. Chapter 15: Emergency Management Procedures
      1. Abstract
      2. Americans with Disabilities Act
    16. Chapter 16: Policy and Procedures for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Security Manual
      4. Constructing Policy and Procedures
      5. Report Writing
      6. Conclusion
  11. Part 2: Approaches to Physical Security
    1. Chapter 17: An Overview of Physical Security Technology for Schools: What Security Technologies to Consider for Schools—Finding a Direction
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Overarching Concerns and Considerations
      4. Physical Security Technologies
      5. Summary
    2. Chapter 18: Hardware Function Choices and Lockdown Procedures: K-12 and University Classrooms
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Theoretical Discussion on Classroom Intruder Function: Keying Options
      4. Points to Consider on Hardware/Function
      5. School Security Door Hardware Upgrade Project
      6. Conclusion
      7. Appendix A Sample Employee Key Request Form and Sign-Out Sheet
      8. Appendix B Glossary of Terms and Definitions
    3. Chapter 19: Security Lighting for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Cost and ROI
      4. Illumination<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">2</sup>
      5. Types of Lamps<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">3</sup>
      6. Lighting Equipment
      7. Twenty-Five Things You Need to Know About Lighting for Your School<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">4</sup>
      8. Energy Management
      9. Lighting Checklist
      10. Protective Lighting Checklist
      11. Lighting Levels for Your School Complex
      12. Lighting Definitions
      13. Lighting Systems
      14. Web Sites
      15. Appendix Lighting Description
    4. Chapter 20: Intrusion Detection Systems for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Threat or Risk
      4. Components of Alarm Systems
      5. Perimeter Protection
      6. Area/Space Protection
      7. False Alarms
      8. Application
      9. Object/Spot Detection for Schools
      10. Alarm Control
      11. Alarm Transmission/Signaling
      12. Alarms Deter Crime
      13. False Alarms in Your School
      14. Alarm Equipment Overhaul
      15. Additional Resources
      16. Conclusion
      17. Appendix A Glossary for Alarm Systems<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">1</sup>
      18. Appendix B Smoke Detectors
      19. Appendix C Alarm Certificate Services Glossary of Terms Certificate Types<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">2</sup>
      20. Appendix D Fire Classifications
    5. Chapter 21: Video Technology Overview for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Overview
      3. The Video System
      4. The Camera Function
      5. Scene Illumination
      6. Scene Characteristics
      7. Lenses
      8. Cameras
      9. Transmission
      10. Switchers
      11. Quads and Multiplexers
      12. Monitors
      13. Recorders
      14. Hard-Copy Video Printers
      15. Ancillary Equipment
      16. Summary
      17. Appendix Glossary of Terms
    6. Chapter 22: Access Control, Access Badges, and Biometrics Characteristics for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Access Control
      4. Designated Restricted Areas
      5. Degree of Security for Your School
      6. Considerations
      7. Perimeter Access Control
      8. Employee Screening
      9. Identification System
      10. ID Methods
      11. Mechanized/Automated Systems
      12. Card/Badge Specifications
      13. Visitor Identification and Lobby Control in Your School
      14. Enforcement Measures
      15. Duress code
      16. Access-control rosters
      17. Methods of control
      18. Security controls of packages, personal property, and vehicles
      19. Building design
      20. Layered levels of security
      21. Access cards
      22. Badges
      23. Biometrics characteristics<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">1</sup>
    7. Chapter 23: Fire Alarm Systems for Schools
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Fire Codes
      4. NFPA 72
      5. Voice Systems or ECSs
  12. Part 3: Approaches to Operational Issues, Specific Threats, and Solutions
    1. Chapter 24: A Look at School Security in Australia
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
      3. Reduce Overall Crime
      4. Conclusion
    2. Chapter 25: Prevention of Crime in and Around High Schools: Lessons in Implementation and Dissemination
      1. Abstract
      2. The Safe and Secure Schools (3S) Matrix: How Mature Is a Safety and Security Policy?
      3. Conclusion
    3. Chapter 26: Operational Issues, Specific Threats, and Solutions
      1. Abstract
      2. Active Shooter
      3. A.L.I.C.E. (Alert-Lockdown-Inform-Counter-Evacuate) Training
      4. Background Investigations and Background Checks
      5. Bullet-Resistant Doors, Windows, and Whiteboards (see Section “Glass and Windows” for Additional Information on this Topic)
      6. Bullying
      7. Chemical Labs
      8. Community Policing and Schools: Components and Benefits
      9. Computer Labs, Music Rooms, the Library, and the Gymnasium
      10. Clery Act Compliance—K-12
      11. Cyber Bullying
      12. Cyber Crime Security
      13. Driving Safety on and Around School Property
      14. Fear of Crime
      15. Fire Alarms and Building Evacuation
      16. Fires and Fire Extinguishers<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">12</sup>
      17. Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Issues
      18. Glass and Windows<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">13</sup>
      19. Global Harmonization Systems (MSDS and HazCom)
      20. Guns Versus No Guns in Schools
      21. Identity Theft
      22. Latch-Key Kids
      23. Liability
      24. Lighting
      25. Mentally Ill and Challenged (Active Shooters)
      26. Metal Detectors
      27. Noninstructional Areas
      28. Physical Security
      29. Policies, Procedures, Guidelines, and Standards
      30. Restrooms and Locker Rooms
      31. Risk and Protective Factor Assessments
      32. School Bus Drivers
      33. School Lockdowns
      34. School Partnerships
      35. School Security Officers<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">27</sup>
      36. School Uniforms
      37. School Watch Programs
      38. Security—How Much is Enough?
      39. Situational Crime Prevention Using CPTED Concepts<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">28</sup>
      40. Student Lockers
      41. Tailgating (Through Access Control)
      42. Training
      43. Vandalism and Graffiti<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">30</sup>
      44. Video Surveillance Systems—Six Secrets
      45. WATCH D.O.G.S
      46. Websites with Additional Information for School Safety and Security
      47. Working with Architects
      48. Zero Tolerance Versus Guidelines for Criminal Behavior
    4. Chapter 27: 100 Things You Need to Know About School Security
      1. Abstract
      2. Introduction
  13. Appendix: ASIS International’s List of School Security Websites Associations, Organizations, Publications<sup xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:epub="http://www.idpf.org/2007/ops">1</sup>
    1. Websites
    2. Associations and Organizations
    3. Publications
  14. Additional Resources
  15. Index