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The Global Intercultural Communication Reader, 2e, 2nd Edition by Jing Yin, Yoshitaka Miike, Molefi Kete Asante

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9

Indigenous and Authentic

Hawaiian Epistemology and the Triangulation of Meaning

Manulani Aluli-Meyer

In this chapter, Manulani Aluli-Meyer propounds “the triangulation of meaning” or “holographic epistemology” as an indigenous Hawaiian way of knowing while challenging the dominant research worldview based on the Newtonian notion of space. For Aluli-Meyer, the triangulation of meaning (i.e., the integration of the body, the mind, and the spirit) recognizes (1) the significance of spirituality in knowing, (2) a deep relationship with space as it feeds us and shapes our consciousness, (3) a reliance on our uniquely experienced cultural nature of the senses to expand our idea of empiricism, (4) the primacy of human relationships because knowledge ...

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