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The Future X Network

Book Description

We are at the dawn of an era in networking that has the potential to define a new phase of human existence. This era will be shaped by the digitization and connection of everything and everyone with the goal of automating much of life, effectively creating time by maximizing the efficiency of everything we do and augmenting our intelligence with knowledge that expedites and optimizes decision-making and everyday routines and processes.

The Future X Network: A Bell Labs Perspective outlines how Bell Labs sees this future unfolding and the key technological breakthroughs needed at both the architectural and systems levels. Each chapter of the book is dedicated to a major area of change and the network and systems innovation required to realize the technological revolution that will be the essential product of this new digital future.

Table of Contents

  1. Preliminaries
  2. Introduction
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Chapter 1 The Future X Network
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
    3. The Future X Network
      1. The cloud-integrated network
      2. The rise of the machines
      3. The emergence of augmented intelligence
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      11. Figure 11
  5. Chapter 2 The Future of the Enterprise
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
      1. Evolution of enterprise boundaries and reach
      2. Evolution of enterprise security
      3. Evolution of the enterprise LAN
      4. Evolution of enterprise business processes
    3. The future
      1. The unbounded global-local enterprise
        1. Virtualization and containerization
        2. Software-defined networking (SDN)
        3. Software-defined VPNs
        4. Virtual Services Outsourcing
        5. Digital Commodity Exchanges
      2. The systematically secure enterprise
      3. The ubiquitous wireless enterprise
      4. The augmented intelligent enterprise
      5. The unbounded enterprise revisited: the unbounded business
        1. The unbounded enterprise
        2. The systematically secure enterprise
        3. The ubiquitous wireless enterprise
        4. The augmented enterprise
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      11. Figure 11
      12. Figure 12
      13. Figure 13
      14. Figure 14
      15. Figure 15
  6. Chapter 3 The Future of Security
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
    3. The future
      1. Security everywhere
      2. Security organization
      3. Security of things
      4. Security of identity
      5. Security and privacy
      6. Quantum insecurity?
      7. End-to-end security of everything
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
  7. Chapter 4 The Future of Wide Area Networks
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and the present
      1. Network automation
      2. IP/Optical networking challenges and essentials
      3. Network capacity markets
    3. The future
      1. The network OS
      2. Maintaining network state
      3. Hybridizing the control plane
      4. Simplifying service creation and fulfillment
      5. Talking to networks
      6. Federating control
      7. The tunable network fabric
      8. Software switches as the first hop in virtual networks
      9. Virtual appliances as the building blocks for virtual networks
      10. High-volume switching adds power to the new network hubs
      11. Scalable, flexible and adaptive optics
      12. Ultra-scalable optical networks
        1. Spectral superchannels
        2. Spatial superchannels
      13. Demand-adaptive metro
      14. Content routing
      15. Dynamic connectivity marketplace
      16. End-to-end perfect future network
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      11. Figure 11
      12. Figure 12
      13. Figure 13
      14. Figure 14
      15. Figure 15
      16. Figure 16
      17. Figure 17
      18. Figure 18
      19. Figure 19
      20. Figure 20
      21. Figure 21
      22. Figure 22
      23. Figure 23
      24. Figure 24
      25. Figure 25
      26. Figure 26
      1. Table 1
  8. Chapter 5 The Future of the Cloud
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
    3. Latency
      1. Dynamic scalability
    4. The future
      1. The low-latency, unicast cloud
      2. The secure cloud
      3. The high-scale cloud
      4. 1. To virtualize or to containerize?
      5. 2. Dynamic distributed service management
      6. 3. Networking the distributed cloud
      7. The new cloud service business model
    5. The future begins now
    6. Summary
    7. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3 (A) AND (B)
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6 (a) AND (b)
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
  9. Chapter 6 The Future of Wireless Access
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and the present
      1. Capacity
      2. Performance
      3. Energy efficiency
    3. The future
      1. Ultra-narrowband: New air-interface for below 6 GHz
      2. Ultra-broadband: Spatial expansion and the high-band air interface
      3. Ultra-broadband: Massive MIMO for massive throughput
      4. Architecture: Scalability and flexibility with a virtualized radio access network (vRAN)
      5. Architecture: “Cell-less” architecture for high reliability and availability
      6. Architecture: Unlicensed and licensed spectrum
      7. Architecture: A new core for optimum adaptability
      8. Operational optimization: Minimizing energy consumption
      9. Putting it all together: End-to-end architecture of future wireless accesss
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      11. Figure 11
      12. Figure 12
      13. Figure 13
  10. Chapter 7 The Future of Broadband Access
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
      1. The beginning of the digital democracy
      2. The era of local access providers
      3. The evolution of broadband access speed
      4. The evolution of the broadband access architecture
    3. The future
      1. Changing the game in broadband access
      2. The central office in the edge cloud
      3. Toward the universal remote
      4. The role of a Network OS
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8 (a) AND (b)
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      1. Table 1
  11. Chapter 8 The Future of the Enterprise LAN
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
      1. The present and impending shift
      2. Unlicensed spectrum
      3. Cellular spectrum
      4. Shared spectrum
    3. The future
      1. Virtualized, converged radios beat single wires
      2. Zero-touch secure services
      3. The emergence of the in-building operator
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
  12. Chapter 9 The Future of Communications
    1. The essential vision
    2. Past and present
      1. Personal communications
      2. Spoken word systems
      3. The evolution of written word systems
      4. Media communications
      5. Control communications
      6. The future of communications
      7. The augmented messaging platform
      8. The stream-handling platform
      9. The contextual inference platform
    3. The future begins now
    4. Summary
    5. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
  13. Chapter 10 The Future of Information
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
      1. Communication of data
      2. Computation of data
      3. Capture of data
    3. The future
      1. Data and information will become free
      2. Big data will become small
      3. The rise of models for decisions
      4. The rise of models for prediction and inference
      5. Intelligence will be augmented
      6. Augmented not artificial
      7. Personalization
      8. Interactivity
    4. The future begins now
        1. Network
        2. Data
        3. Tools
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      11. Figure 11
      1. Table 1
  14. Chapter 11 The Future of the Internet of Things
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
      1. The evolution of automation
      2. The first wave of IoT
      3. The scaling of networks
      4. The control software
    3. The future
      1. The future of IoT networking
      2. The evolution of LTE
      3. The evolution to 5G
      4. The role of low-power wireless access (LPWA)
      5. The role of short-range local area networks
      6. The future of IoT software platforms
      7. The connectivity management platform
      8. The device and service management platform
      9. The services creation support platform
      10. A streaming analytics and edge cloud platform
      11. The future of device technology
      12. Future devices and applications
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
      11. Figure 11
  15. Chapter 12 The Future of the Home
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and the present
      1. The electromechanical home automation era
      2. The information automation era
      3. The information assistance era
    3. The future
      1. The era of home life automation
      2. Augmented intelligence and task assistance
      3. Device and network revolution
        1. Device
        2. Network
        3. Simplicity and security
      4. The essential solution and architecture
    4. The future is now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      1. Table 1
  16. Chapter 13 The Future of Network Operations
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and the present
      1. Generic customer satisfaction kills
      2. The impact of finite scale
      3. Limited reach
      4. Separate development and operations
    3. The future
      1. Contextualization is the killer app
      2. Seemingly infinite scalability
      3. Global-local customer scale
      4. Dev-for-Ops (not DevOps)
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2
      3. Figure 3
      4. Figure 4
      5. Figure 5
      6. Figure 6
      7. Figure 7
      8. Figure 8
      9. Figure 9
      10. Figure 10
  17. Chapter 14 The Future of Network Energy
    1. The essential vision
    2. The past and present
      1. Unsustainable energy consumption and cost
      2. Powering the fully connected world
      3. Energy hot spots in networks
    3. The future
      1. Paving the road to maximum network energy efficiency
      2. Ultra-dense small cells with intelligent resource management
      3. Ultra-energy efficiency: Massive MIMO
      4. It takes a portfolio of technologies
      5. Measuring the gain: Green Meter results
      6. Wireless, wireless small cells with full energy autonomy
      7. Virtualization and distributed cloud networks
      8. Data center architectures and energy consumption
      9. Stepping back from the precipice
        1. Wireless access networks
        2. Fixed access networks
    4. The future begins now
    5. Summary
    6. References
      1. Figure 1
      2. Figure 2A
      3. Figure 2B
      4. Figure 3A
      5. Figure 3B
      6. Figure 4
      7. Figure 5
      8. Figure 6
      9. Figure 7
      10. Figure 8
      11. Figure 9
  18. Glossary / Abbreviations