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The Evolution of a Nation

Book Description

Although political and legal institutions are essential to any nation's economic development, the forces that have shaped these institutions are poorly understood. Drawing on rich evidence about the development of the American states from the mid-nineteenth to the late twentieth century, this book documents the mechanisms through which geographical and historical conditions--such as climate, access to water transportation, and early legal systems--impacted political and judicial institutions and economic growth.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half title
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Contents
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Chapter One Introduction
  9. Chapter Two Legal Initial Conditions
    1. BALANCE OF POWER
    2. COLONIAL LEGAL SYSTEMS AND BALANCE OF POWER
    3. EFFECTS ON STATE COURTS
    4. CLASSIFICATION
    5. New England
    6. The Mid-Atlantic
    7. The Upper South
    8. The Midwest
    9. The Lower South
    10. The Unpopulated West
    11. The Populated West
    12. CIVIL-LAW INFLUENCE
    13. Population
    14. Participation of Individuals with Civil-Law Backgrounds in Early Politics
    15. Land Grants
    16. Adoption of Common Law and Hybridization
    17. Complaints and Other Influences
    18. Obliteration and Populism
    19. CONCLUSION
  10. Chapter Three Initial Conditions and State Political Competition
    1. STATE POLITICAL COMPETITION
    2. INITIAL CONDITIONS
    3. STATE POLITICAL COMPETITION AND INITIAL CONDITIONS
    4. STATE CONSTITUTIONS
    5. CONCLUSION
  11. Chapter Four The Mechanism
    1. THE ELITE
    2. INITIAL CONDITIONS, WEALTH, AND OCCUPATIONAL HOMOGENEITY
    3. THE ELITE AND STATE POLITICS
    4. WEALTH, OCCUPATIONAL HOMOGENEITY, AND STATE POLITICAL COMPETITION
    5. CAUSALITY
    6. PERSISTENCE
    7. THE CIVIL WAR
    8. CONCLUSION
  12. Chapter Five State Courts
    1. JUDICIAL SELECTION AND RETENTION
    2. A MODEL OF STATE LEGISLATURES AND STATE COURTS
    3. POLITICAL COMPETITION, CIVIL LAW, AND JUDICIAL RETENTION
    4. JUDICIAL TERMS
    5. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURTS
    6. CONCLUSION
  13. Chapter Six Legislatures and Courts
    1. JUDICIAL EXPENDITURES
    2. CHANGES IN JUDICIAL RETENTION AND JUDICIAL EXPENDITURE
    3. CONCLUSION
  14. Chapter Seven Institutions and Outcomes
    1. PERSISTENCE AND MECHANISMS: STATE LEGISLATURES
    2. PERSISTENCE AND MECHANISMS: STATE COURTS
    3. POLITICS, COURTS, AND ECONOMIC OUTCOMES
    4. FUTURE RESEARCH
    5. Outcomes
    6. Reform
  15. References
  16. Index