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The Electronics of Radio by David Rutledge

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8Transistor Switches

Now we begin the study of transistor circuits. Transistors have three terminals. Usually one of the terminals is the input, another is the output, and the third is a common connection that is shared between the input and the output. Transistor circuits can increase the power of a signal. For this they require an additional DC power source. Circuits that increase power are called active circuits. By comparison, a passive circuit has loss. The filters we covered in the earlier chapters are examples of passive circuits. We will study several different active circuits. An amplifier increases the power of a signal without changing the frequency. In an oscillator, an output sine wave is generated without any input signal. Transistors ...

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