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The Complete Idiot's Guide to Project Management, 5th Edition by G. Michael Campbell PMP, G. Michael Campbell, Sunny Baker

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On Becoming a Team: The Basic Ways to Organize People

Even though infinite possible combinations of people are involved, you should structure the organization of a project in only a few basic ways. These include functional (or line) organizations, pure-project structures, matrix organizations, or mixed organizational structures. These structures may be distributed over multiple locations as well, making the organization more of a virtual team in cyberspace rather than a group of people in a defined location. And as you’d expect, each organization has its pros and cons.

The Functional Project Organization

On a project that uses people from the same functional group (like sales), you can use the existing line organization to manage the project. ...

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