The Professional Manager
How can “being the boss” be a profession? A profession has its own principles, practices, and standards, and it requires a course of study. (Think of the traditional professions: medicine, law, engineering, architecture, and accounting.) Does management share any of these characteristics?
The answer is yes, and it has been since the early 1900s. When factories became large and complex enough to demand skills beyond those of a simple owner-boss, management grew out of economics and engineering to become a distinct discipline.
The need to apply concepts from economics and engineering became apparent as businesses grew beyond relatively small, simple craft operations and farms into larger, more complex operations ...