**Appendix C**

**Glossary**

**Addition Rule of Probabilities** Determines the probability of the union of two or more events.

**Alternative Hypothesis** Denoted by *H*_{1}, represents the opposite of the null hypothesis and holds true if the null hypothesis is found to be false.

**Analysis of Variance (ANOVA**) A procedure to test the difference between more than two population means.

**Bar Chart** A data display where the value of the observation is proportional to the height of the bar on the graph.

**Bayes’ Theorem** A theorem used to calculate P [B/A] from information about P[A/B]. The term P [A/B] refers to the probability of Event A, given that Event B has occurred.

**Biased Sample** A sample that does not represent the intended population and can lead to distorted ...