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The Art of Action: Leadership that Closes the Gaps between Plans, Actions and Results by Stephen Bungay

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CONCLUSION

In many ways, directed opportunism is management by objectives for the twenty-first century. If one goes back to his original thoughts, penned in the middle of the last century, one sees that Drucker’s concern was to create a common effort which avoids the gaps, overlaps, and friction which result from optimizing subsystems. He suggested that every manager write a “manager’s letter” to his boss twice a year (which is very similar in content to a strategy briefing) and include the measures he would use to exercise self-control. It was the manager who was to get the control reports, not his boss, let alone an audit committee. The manager would act “not because somebody wants him to but because he himself decides that he has to – he acts, ...

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