Notes to the Tomb Texts and Lost Writings
The nine configurations that follow, excerpted from the T’ung tien
compiled by Tu Yu in the eighth century A.D., are thought to comprise material preserved from the 82-chapter version of the Art of War
apparently still extant in the Han dynasty. (See note 211 to the introduction.) The translation generally follows Sun Hsing-yen’s convenient summary in the Sun-tzu shih-chia-chu
(Shih-chieh shu-chü, Taipei, 1984), pp. 4-6, with occasional corrections based on the T’ung tien (chüan
159). The different configurations, together with their recommended tactics, should be read in conjunction with chapter 11, “Nine Terrains”; the essential sentences will be found in the notes below. A number of similar situations—contained ...