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Temporal Structures in Individual Time Management: Practices to Enhance Calendar Tool Design

Book Description

Temporal Structures in Individual Time Management: Practices to Enhance Calendar Tool Design covers concepts, methodologies, techniques, tools, and perspectives essential to understanding individual time management experiences. This book provides both qualitative and quantitative evidences and insights valuable for researchers and practitioners in enhancing current electronic calendar systems design and implementation.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Foreword
  3. Preface
    1. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
      1. Chapter 1: Understanding Time and its Relationship to Individual Time Management
      2. Chapter 2: What are Temporal Structures?
      3. Chapter 3: Time Management and Temporal Personalities
      4. Chapter 4: Calendar Tools: Current Practices, New Prototypes and Proposed Designs
      5. Chapter 5: Investigating Temporal Structure Usage in Individual Time Management Practices: Two In-Depth Field Interviews
      6. Chapter 6: Individual Time Management Profiles: Electronic Calendar Tool Selection, Use and Issues
      7. Chapter 7: Identifying what Constitutes the Quality of Individual Time Management and How Individuals Process Temporal Structure Information: A Survey Study Design
      8. Chapter 8: How Academics Exhibit their Time Management Behaviors through Various Temporal Structure Usage: Descriptive Analysis Results from a Large Survey
      9. Chapter 9: Who are Effective Time Managers? Bivariate Correlation Analysis and Hypotheses Testing
      10. Chapter 10: What is the Relationship Between the Quality of Individual Time Management and Temporal Structure Usage? Building and Testing a Research Model
      11. Chapter 11: Input from Users: Personal Time Management Hints, Current Electronic Calendar Tool Difficulties and Desired Features
      12. Chapter 12: Relationship between Calendar Tool Design and Temporal Structure Usage: A Small Longitudinal User Study
      13. Chapter 13: Conclusion, Contribution and Implications to Future Electronic Calendar Tool Design
      14. Chapter 14: E-Scheduling
      15. Chapter 15: Management of the Learning Space
  4. REFERENCES
  5. Acknowledgment
  6. 1. Understanding Time and its Relationship to Individual Time Management
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. THE CONCEPT OF TIME
    3. TIME DICHOTOMIES
      1. Quantitative vs. Qualitative Time
      2. Clock-Based vs. Event-Based Time
      3. Chronos vs. Kairos Time
      4. Linear vs. Cyclical Time
    4. BIOTEMPORAL, PHYSIOTEMPORAL AND SOCIOTEMPORAL PATTERNS
    5. A CONCEPTUAL RESEARCH FRAMEWORK
    6. CONCLUSION
  7. REFERENCES
  8. 2. What are Temporal Structures?
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. BACKGROUND
    3. TEMPORAL STRUCTURE RELATED TERMS
    4. WHAT ARE TEMPORAL STRUCTURES?
    5. PERSONAL TEMPORAL STRUCTURE USE WITH CALENDAR TOOLS
      1. Story 1: Rose—A professor and a department Chair
      2. Story 2: Jay—A Software developer
      3. Story 3: mike—A Network Administrator
    6. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF TWO MAIN STUDIES REPORTED IN THIS BOOK
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  9. REFERENCES
  10. 3. Time Management and Temporal Personalities
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. BACKGROUND
    3. TIME MANAGEMENT RESEARCH
    4. IDENTIFYING KEY MEASURES OF INDIVIDUAL TIME MANAGEMENT QUALITY
    5. TEMPORAL PERSONALITY: WHO ARE EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGERS?
    6. CONCLUSION
  11. REFERENCES
  12. 4. Calendar Tools: Current Practices, New Prototypes and Proposed Designs
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. PAPER-BASED CALENDARS
    3. PAPER-BASED VS. ELECTRONIC CALENDAR SYSTEMS
    4. COMMON FEATURES FOUND IN CURRENT ELECTRONIC CALENDAR SYSTEMS
    5. TIME MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENTS SUGGESTED BY CALENDAR USER STUDIES
    6. VISUALIZATION TECHNIQUES
      1. A Fisheye Lens Calendar System
      2. 3D Calendar Visualization
        1. PowerView
    7. COLLABORATIVE CALENDAR SYSTEMS
      1. Operation Book
      2. Visual Scheduler
      3. The Augur and Ambush Calendar System
    8. CONCLUSION
  13. REFERENCES
  14. 5. Investigating Temporal Structure Usage in Individual Time Management Practices: Two In-Depth Field Interviews
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. LITERATURE REVIEW
    3. RESEARCH APPROACH
      1. Participants
      2. Procedure
    4. FINDINGS FROM THE INTERVIEWS
    5. TYPES OF CALENDAR TOOLS BEING USED
    6. TYPES OF TEMPORAL STRUCTURES UNCOVERED
    7. FINDINGS FROM THE USER STUDIES
    8. CALENDAR TOOL DESIGN IMPLICATIONS
  15. REFERENCES
  16. 6. Individual Time Management Profiles: Electronic Calendar Tool Selection, Use and Issues
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. PERSONAL PROFILES: TIME MANAGEMENT STORIES AND CALENDAR TOOL SELECTION
      1. Jesse
      2. Cindy
      3. Travis
      4. Chris
      5. Jason
      6. Jane
      7. Kane
      8. Rose
      9. Craig
      10. Amy
      11. Sarah
      12. Greg
    3. CONCLUSION
  17. REFERENCES
  18. 7. Identifying what Constitutes the Quality of Individual Time Management and How Individuals Process Temporal Structure Information: A Survey Study Design
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      1. The Quality of Individual Time Management
      2. Planning
      3. Meeting Deadlines
      4. Sensing a Lack of Time Control
      5. Engaging in Procrastination Behavior
    3. TEMPORAL STRUCTURE INFORMATION PROCESSING
    4. EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGER VS. INEFFECTIVE TIME MANAGERS
    5. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
    6. PROPOSING TWO SETS OF HYPOTHESES: BIVARIATE AND PLS HYPOTHESES
      1. Bivariate Hypotheses
      2. PLS Hypotheses
    7. DATA COLLECTION AND MEASURES
    8. CONCLUSION
  19. REFERENCES
  20. 8. How Academics Exhibit their Time Management Behaviors through Various Temporal Structure Usage: Descriptive Analysis Results from a Large Survey
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. SURVEY DESIGN AND DELIVERY DESCRIPTION
    3. DESCRIPTIVE DATA ANALYSIS
      1. Student Sample
      2. Faculty Sample
      3. Staff Sample
    4. CONSTRUCT INDEPENDENCE
    5. CONSTRUCT UNIVARIATE ANALYSIS
    6. CONSTRUCT NORMALITY TEST
    7. CONCLUSION
  21. 9. Who are Effective Time Managers? Bivariate Correlation Analysis and Hypotheses Testing
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. BIVARIATE CORRELATION ANALYSIS FOR STUDENT SAMPLE
    3. BIVARIATE CORRELATION ANALYSIS FOR FACULTY SAMPLE
    4. BIVARIATE CORRELATION ANALYSIS FOR STAFF SAMPLE
    5. HYPOTHESES TESTING
      1. Student Sample
      2. Faculty Sample
      3. Staff Sample
    6. CONCLUSION: SUMMARY OF HYPOTHESES RESULTS
  22. 10. What is the Relationship between the Quality of Individual Time Management and Temporal Structure Usage?: Building and Testing a Research Model
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. BUILDING A TEMPORAL STRUCTURE RESEARCH MODEL
    3. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
    4. DATA ANALYSES
    5. VALIDATION OF THE MEASUREMENT MODEL
    6. TESTING TEMPORAL STRUCTURE PLS MODELS
    7. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES SUMMARIZATION
  23. REFERENCES
    1. ENDNOTE
  24. 11. Input from Users: Personal Time Management Hints, Current Electronic Calendar Tool Difficulties and Desired Features
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. DYNAMIC TIME MANAGEMENT IN PRACTICE
    3. HINTS FOR BEING AN EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGER: A TEMPORAL STRUCTURE MANAGEMENT PROCESS
      1. Plan in Advance
      2. Prioritize Tasks
      3. Control Time
      4. Stop Procrastination
      5. Understand Temporal Structure Relationships
      6. Communicate and Coordinate Time with Others
    4. COMMON PROBLEMS OF TIME MANAGEMENT
    5. USER DIFFICULTIES WITH THE CURRENT CALENDAR TOOLS AND DESIRED CALENDAR FEATURES
    6. CONCLUSION
  25. REFERENCES
  26. 12. Relationship between Calendar Tool Design and Temporal Structure Usage: A Small Longitudinal User Study
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. CORRELATIONS AMONG TIME MANAGEMENT TOOLS, TEMPORAL STRUCTURES AND QUALITY OF INDIVIDUAL TIME MANAGEMENT
    3. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF TIME MANAGEMENT TOOLS ON TIME MANAGEMENT QUALITY
    4. THE ARGUMENTS FOR IMPROVING CURRENT ELECTRONIC TIME MANAGEMENT/CALENDAR TOOLS
    5. CONCLUSION
  27. 13. Conclusion, Contribution and Implications to Future Electronic Calendar Tool Design
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. KEY RESEARCH FINDINGS
    3. ANSWERING RESEARCH QUESTIONS
    4. RELATIONSHIP TO INFORMATION SYSTEMS, COMPUTER SCIENCE AND HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION FIELDS
    5. LIMITATIONS
    6. CONTRIBUTIONS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH
  28. REFERENCES
  29. 14. E-Scheduling
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. BACKGROUND
    3. COLLABORATIVE PRODUCTION SCHEDULING
      1. Information Exchange
      2. Advanced Forms of Collaboration
    4. E-SCHEDULING OF OFFICE AND SERVICE TASKS
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  30. REFERENCES
    1. KEY TERMS
  31. 15. Management of the Learning Space
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. WORKLOAD MANAGEMENT
    3. TIME MANAGEMENT
      1. Conceptualize All Relevant Activities Related to Learning Goals
      2. Organizing and Planning the Learning Time
      3. Develop a Tiered Priority System
    4. STUDENT MANAGEMENT
      1. Active Learning and Adult Learning
      2. Students as Process Experts
      3. Students as Content Experts
      4. Timely Submission of Assignments
      5. Receiving Assignments
    5. CONCLUSION
  32. REFERENCES
  33. A. Appendices
    1. APPENDIX A
      1. Consent Form and IRB Application
    2. CONSENT TO PARTICIPATE IN A RESEARCH STUDY
    3. APPENDIX B
      1. Field Interview Study protocol
      2. Time Management Strategies Questions
      3. Only pick up ONE scenario to interview.
      4. Weekly Tasks Table
      5. Daily Tasks Table
      6. The Second Interview: A Daily and Weekly Time Management Retrospect
    4. APPENDIX C
      1. Questionnaires for Students, Faculty and Staff
      2. Personal Use of Pre-Set Schedules Questionnaire
    5. APPENDIX D
      1. Chapter 8 data Analysis Results Tables 7–19 are listed in Appendix D
  34. About the Author