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Television Technology Demystified

Book Description

"Television Technology Demystified" is written for non-technical television production professionals. Journalists, program producers, camera persons, editors, and other television professionals need to know how equipment works, which performance levels are achievable, how to evaluate the technical quality of picture and sound, and other aspects of production; this book presents these and other essential concepts in a simple and non-mathematical way. Aleksandar-Louis Todorovic, a highly respected and well-known figure in the broadcasting community, has succeeded in making complex technology understandable.

*Learn about complex technical concepts such as interlace scanning and digital compression without complex mathematics, diagrams, and drawings
*Understand the potentials and limitations of the various and changing production tools available

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Full Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Contents
  6. Introduction
  7. 1 Development of Television Technology-A Sweep through History
    1. 1.1. Optoelectric Transformation
    2. 1.2. The Nipkow Disk
    3. 1.3. The Cathode-Ray Tube
    4. 1.4. The Birth of Television
  8. 2 Light and the Human Eye
    1. 2.1. Light in Television Production
    2. 2.2. The Nature of Light and Human Vision
    3. 2.3. White Light and Color Temperature
    4. 2.4. Monochromatic Light
    5. 2.5. Color Matching
    6. 2.6. Measurement of Light
  9. 3 Generating a Television Picture
    1. 3.1. Picture Scanning
    2. 3.2. Progressive and Interlaced Scanning
    3. 3.3. The Basic Video Signal
  10. 4 Color Television
    1. 4.1. Splitting the White Light and the Selection of Primaries
    2. 4.2. Picture Generation or Optoelectric Conversion
    3. 4.3. Picture Display
    4. 4.4. Transmission Path
    5. 4.5. The Principle of Modulation
    6. 4.6. The NTSC System
    7. 4.7. The PAL System
    8. 4.8. The SECAM System
    9. 4.9. Transcoding and Standards Conversion
  11. 5 Digital Television
    1. 5.1. What Is a Digital Signal?
    2. 5.2. Analog-to-Digital Conversion
    3. 5.3. Why a Digital Signal?
    4. 5.4. Digital Standards Conversion
    5. 5.5. The International Digitization Standard
    6. 5.6. Convergence
  12. 6 Digital Compression as the Key to Success
    1. 6.1. Why Compression?
    2. 6.2. Compression Methods and Tools
    3. 6.3. The MPEG-2 Bit-Rate Reduction Method
    4. 6.4. Exploiting the Spatial Redundancy
    5. 6.5. Exploiting the Statistical Redundancy-Entropy Coding
    6. 6.6. Exploiting the Temporal Redundancy
    7. 6.7. Compression Levels and Applications
    8. 6.8. DV Compression
    9. 6.9. The MPEG-4 Compression System
    10. 6.10. Compression and Picture Quality
    11. 6.11. Concatenation Loss
  13. 7 Digital Audio Compression Methods
    1. 7.1. Human Auditory System
    2. 7.2. Analog-to-Digital Conversion of Audio Signals
    3. 7.3. Digital Audio Compression
    4. 7.4. Audio Compression Methods and Standards
  14. 8 Exchanging Program Material as Bitstreams
    1. 8.1. File Transfer
    2. 8.2. Metadata
    3. 8.3. Material Exchange Format—MXF
    4. 8.4. AAF and Other File Formats
  15. 9 Television Cameras
    1. 9.1. The Optical System
    2. 9.2. Sensors
      1. 9.2.1. Pick-Up Tubes
      2. 9.2.2. Solid-State Sensors
      3. 9.2.3. Operating Principles of CCDs
    3. 9.3. Camera Processing Circuitry
    4. 9.4. Basic Quality Parameters
      1. 9.4.1. Noise level
      2. 9.4.2. Resolution
      3. 9.4.3. Spectral characteristic
      4. 9.4.4. Sensitivity
  16. 10 Video Recording
    1. 10.1. The Evolution of Videotape Recorders
    2. 10.2. Basic Principles of Magnetic Recording
    3. 10.3. Practical Recording Characteristics—Losses
    4. 10.4. Specific VTR Problems and Their Solutions
    5. 10.5. Videotape Recording Formats
    6. 10.6. Videotape Recording Methods
    7. 10.7. Azimuth Recording
    8. 10.8. Digital Videotape Recording
    9. 10.9. Tapeless Recording
  17. 11 Video Editing
    1. 11.1. The Development of Video Editing
    2. 11.2. Linear Editing
    3. 11.3. Time Code
    4. 11.4. Nonlinear Editing (NLE)
  18. 12 The Networked Production
    1. 12.1. Basic Aspects of Networked Systems
    2. 12.2. Media Asset Management Systems
    3. 12.3. Integrated Digital Newsroom Operations
  19. 13 Television Graphics
    1. 13.1. Basic Technical Requirements
    2. 13.2. Computer Generated Imaging
    3. 13.3. Character Generators
    4. 13.4. Graphics Workstations
    5. 13.5. Virtual Sets
    6. 13.6. Selecting a Computer Graphics System
  20. 14 HDTV
    1. 14.1. Development of the HDTV Concept and Technology
    2. 14.2. HDTV Production Equipment
    3. 14.3. HDTV and D-Cinema
  21. Acronyms and Selected Abbreviations
  22. Index