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Television Sports Production, 4th Edition

Book Description

Television sports production is difficult, and producing a remote sports event is arguably the most complicated to orchestrate. Many factors can adversely affect your production, including weather, lighting, and natural sound. A successful production is dependent on extensive planning, from budgets, technology and location to the intricacies of the sport itself. With so much at stake, why not learn from the experts?

Learn television sports production from the ISB, producers of the Olympics, who rely on the very same guide to train their own production staff. "Television Sports Production" walks you through the planning, set-up, directing, announcing, and editing involved with producing an event. Detailed descriptions of mobile units/OB vans, cameras, audio equipment and lighting requirements enable you to produce live or taped coverage of sporting events like an expert. You'll learn about the special considerations involved with producing various types of sports--from camera placement in figure skating to where to put the microphone during a tennis match.

Whether producing a local high school football game, the Super Bowl, or something as complex as the Olympics, this book will give you an inside look at how a remote production operates and the role of each participant.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Halftitle
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Contents
  6. Foreword
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Preface
  9. PART 1. Introduction to Remote Production
    1. 1. What Is Remote Production?
      1. Live versus Live-to-Tape
      2. Remote versus Studio Production
    2. 2. Personnel
      1. Personnel Descriptions
      2. Freelance Personnel
    3. 3. The Television Media
      1. HDTV
      2. Interactive/Internet Television
      3. Television for Mobile Phones
      4. Personal Video Recorder
      5. Media Summary
    4. 4. Mobile Unit/OB Van
      1. Inside a Mobile Unit/OB Van
        1. Production Area
        2. Audio Area
        3. Videotape Area
        4. Video Control Area
      2. Outside a Mobile Unit/OB Van
      3. Communication Devices
      4. Types of Mobile Units/OB Vans
      5. The Compound
      6. Safety: The Mobile Unit/OB Van and the Remote Production
  10. PART 2. Planning
    1. 5. Planning the Production
      1. Coordination Meetings
      2. Remote Survey
        1. The Contacts
        2. Venue Access
        3. Location Costs
        4. Other Areas for Survey Consideration
        5. Areas that Significantly Impact the Survey
      3. Cameras
        1. Camera Positions
        2. Camera Placement
        3. Types of Cameras
        4. Why POV/Robotic Cameras?
      4. Lighting
        1. Indoor Venue
        2. Outdoor Venue
        3. Other Lighting Concerns
      5. Audio
        1. Stereo Audio for Television
        2. Basic 5.1 Surround Sound
        3. Audio Levels
        4. Microphone Pick-up Patterns
        5. Microphone Sound Generating Elements
        6. Types of Microphones
        7. Phantom Power
        8. Microphone Accessories
        9. Microphone Placement
      6. Communications (Intercom) Systems
      7. Electrical Power
      8. Program Transmission
      9. Backup Plans
      10. Location Sketch
      11. Budgeting for the Remote
      12. Total Rough Budget: $162,000
    2. 6. Pre-production and Set-up
      1. Production Meetings
      2. The Show Format
      3. Equipment Set-up
      4. Setting Up a Camera
      5. Cabling
      6. Camera Meetings
      7. Facilities Check
      8. Schedule
      9. Rehearsals
  11. PART 3. Creating the Production
    1. 7. Production
      1. Producing the Remote
      2. Directing the Remote
      3. Types of Sports Action
        1. Action Flow
        2. Stop-and-Go Sports
        3. Directing Stop-and-Go Action
        4. Directing Emphasis on Scoring
        5. Pumping
        6. Continuous Action Sports
        7. Camera Action Tends to Be Rapid
        8. Increase in Shot Size
        9. Camera Changes During Action
      4. Team and Individual Sports
        1. Team Sports
        2. Individual Sports
        3. Building Emotional Involvement
        4. Dealing with the Dominant Player
        5. Limited Space for Coverage
      5. Horizontal versus Vertical versus Circular Action
        1. Horizontal Action
        2. Vertical Action
        3. Circular Action
        4. Combinations
      6. Coverage Design
        1. Follow-the-Bouncing-Ball
        2. Needs of the Audience
      7. Directing Style
      8. Facilities and Coverage
      9. Directing Cameras
        1. Assigning Cameras
        2. Camera Initiative
      10. Directing Replays
      11. Directing Graphics
      12. The Camera
        1. Camera Shots
        2. Camera Movement
        3. Camera/Lens Moves
        4. Shooting Sports
        5. Composition
        6. Caring for the Camera
        7. Shading
      13. Audio for Remotes
        1. Audio Guidelines
      14. Graphics
        1. Television Graphics Goals
      15. Tips on Making Great TV Graphics
      16. The Crew
    2. 8. Sports Announcing
      1. Play-by-Play Sportscast Training
      2. Research
      3. Announcer Techniques
      4. Interviews
      5. Go Beyond the Obvious
      6. Spotters
    3. 9. Post-production
      1. Editing Guidelines
    4. 10. Television, Computers and Sports
      1. The FoxTrax
      2. Virtual Information Graphics
      3. RACEf/x
      4. “Matrix” Style
      5. Transposition Replay Systems
      6. StroMotion
      7. Virtual Ads
      8. Internet/Interactive Television
      9. Technology Summary
  12. PART 4. History of Sports Television
    1. 11. Milestones in Sports Broadcasting
  13. Appendix I Truck Diagrams
  14. Appendix II Olympic Broadcast Planning Document
  15. Appendix III Camera Diagrams and Plans
    1. Alpine Skiing
    2. Aquatics (Swimming)
    3. Athletics (Track)
    4. Baseball
    5. Basketball
    6. Bobsleigh and Skeleton
    7. Figure Skating
    8. Football (American)
    9. Football (Soccer)
    10. Motorcycle Road Race
    11. Tennis
  16. Appendix IV Microphone Diagrams
    1. Baseball
    2. Basketball
    3. Football (Soccer)
    4. Tennis
  17. Appendix V Event Storyboards
    1. Opening Ceremony XIX Olympic Winter Games
  18. Appendix VI Intercom Diagrams
    1. Small-scale Production Intercom System
    2. Medium-scale Production Intercom System
    3. Large-scale Production Intercom System
  19. Appendix VII Lighting Plan
  20. Sources and Recommended Readings
  21. Glossary
  22. Index