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Technology versus Ecology

Book Description

Although human beings are technically part of the ecosystem, there still remains a conceptual conflict between technology and nature. These concerns highlight the idea of human superiority in which the priority is given to technology versus living in synchronization with nature. Technology versus Ecology: Human Superiority and the Ongoing Conflict with Nature explores the issues revolving around the conflict between technology versus human beings, the concern for the separation of human beings in the ecosystem, and the negative consequences that may follow as ecosystems are being damaged. This book is a significant reference source for researchers, instructors, and students interested in the constant evolution of technology and ecology.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Foreword
  5. Preface
    1. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Section 1: Where We Are Now
    1. Chapter 1: Humans as Masters of the World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VERSIONS OF SUPERIORITY
      4. ETHICS AND ECO-ETHICS
      5. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 2: Conflicts with the Ecosystem
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DIRECT HARM TO HUMANS
      4. INDIRECT HARM TO HUMANS
      5. GLOBAL HARM TO THE ECOSYSTEM
      6. HARM TO OTHER SPECIES
      7. SPECIES EXTINCTION
      8. DESTRUCTION OF THE NONLIVING ENVIRONMENT
      9. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Science, Modern Technology, and Corporations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SCIENCE
      4. FAILURE TO ACCEPT SCIENTIFIC RESULTS
      5. LIMITS OF SCIENCE
      6. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
      7. A VERY BRIEF HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY
      8. THE POINT OF VIEW OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY
      9. CORPORATIONS
      10. CORPORATIONS AND KNOWLEDGE POLLUTION
    4. Chapter 4: Mind Body Consciousness
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MINDS AS NON-PHYSICAL
      4. HUMAN BEINGS AS NON-PHYSICAL ENTITIES
      5. CONSCIOUSNESS
      6. CONSCIOUSNESS AND POINT OF VIEW
      7. THE RELATION OF CONSCIOUSNESS TO THE WORLD
      8. CONCLUSION OF SECTION 1: WHERE WE ARE NOW
  8. Section 2: The Origins of Technology and Human Superiority
    1. Chapter 5: Humans as Hunter-Gatherers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE HUMAN TIMELINE
      4. PREHISTORIC HUNTER-GATHERERS
      5. DEVELOPMENTS IN THE HUNTER-GATHERER PERIOD
      6. CACHED TOOLS (1.5 MILLION YEARS AGO)
      7. FIRE (800,000 YEARS AGO)
      8. SHELTERS (500,000 YEARS AGO)
      9. MODERN HUMANS APPEAR (200,000 YEARS AGO)
      10. CLOTHING (170,000 YEARS AGO)
      11. PIGMENT AND BODY ORNAMENTS (100,000 YEARS AGO)
      12. CEREMONIAL BURIALS (90,000 YEARS AGO)
      13. DOMESTICATED DOG (50,000-100,000 YEARS AGO)
      14. MEGAFAUNA EXTINCTIONS (50,000-100,000 YEARS AGO)
      15. PICTORIAL REPRESENTATIONS (35,000 YEARS AGO)
      16. CONSEQUENCES FOR SEPARATION FROM THE ECOSYSTEM
    2. Chapter 6: Humans as Farmers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ORIGIN OF FARMING
      4. THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN HUNTER-GATHERING AND ITS SUCCESSORS
      5. AN EARLIER START FOR FARMING?
      6. IMPACT OF FARMING ON THE ECOSYSTEM
      7. FARMING AND SEPARATION FROM THE ECOSYSTEM
      8. FARMING AND CIVILIZATION
    3. Chapter 7: Civilization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ORIGIN OF THE DISTINCTIVE COMPONENTS OF CIVILIZATION
      4. THE DISTINCTIVE COMPONENTS OF CIVILIZATION
      5. CIVILIZATION, HUMAN SUPERIORITY, AND SEPARATION FROM THE ECOSYSTEM
      6. CIVILIZATION AND ITS DISCONTENTS
      7. CITY VS. COUNTRY
      8. NATURE GODS VS. MONOTHEISM
      9. THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF CIVILIZATION
      10. THE NET RESULT
    4. Chapter 8: More about Modern Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS
      4. THE ORIGINS OF SCIENCE AND MODERN TECHNOLOGY
      5. MODERN AND POSTMODERN TECHNOLOGY
      6. THE POINT OF VIEW OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY
      7. MODERN TECHNOLOGY AND THE ACCUMULATION OF CIVILIZED OBJECTS
      8. CORPORATIONS
    5. Chapter 9: Causes of Conflict with the Ecosystem
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGY IS NOT THE CAUSE
      4. TECHNOLOGY FIRST
      5. POPULATION GROWTH IS THE MAIN CAUSE
      6. ECONOMIC GROWTH IS THE MAIN CAUSE
      7. HUMAN ATTITUDES ARE THE MAIN CAUSE
      8. HUMANITY IS A SPECIES DOOMED TO DESTROY ITSELF
      9. PRIORITIES BETWEEN THE CAUSES
      10. CAN WE EXIST APART FROM THE ECOSYSTEM?
      11. ORIGINS OF HUMAN SUPERIORITY
  9. Section 3: Possible Outcomes
    1. Chapter 10: Environmentalism and Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FOUR PROPOSALS CONCERNING SUSTAINABILITY
      4. SUSTAINABILITY WITH UNLIMITED ECONOMIC AND POPULATION GROWTH
      5. PROTECTING BIODIVERSITY THROUGH COOPERATION WITH CORPORATIONS
      6. PLAN B 4.0: A DETAILED PLAN TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABILITY
      7. OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF PLAN B 4.0
      8. EARTH FIRST! AND SUSTAINABILITY
      9. WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY?
      10. RECYCLING AND INDIVIDUAL ACTION
      11. THE PIECEMEAL PROBLEM
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 11: The Role of Science and Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MODERN TECHNOLOGY, R.I.P.?
      4. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AIDING ECOLOGY
      5. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
      6. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE
      7. THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE ECOSYSTEM
    3. Chapter 12: Human-Animal Relations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BUDDHISM
      4. VEGANISM
      5. SINGER AND ANIMAL LIBERATION
      6. INCLUDING ANIMALS IN THE SOCIAL CONTRACT
      7. ECO-ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FOR OUR RELATIONS WITH ANIMALS
      8. KILLING FOR FOOD
      9. EATING MEAT IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
      10. FACTORY FARMING
      11. MORE ASPECTS OF OUR ECO-ETHICAL RELATION TO ANIMALS
    4. Chapter 13: Regaining Our Place as a Species among Species
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF HUMANS AS A SPECIES
      4. GOALS FOR THE SPECIES HOMO SAPIENS
      5. WAS CIVILIZATION A MISTAKE?
      6. HUMANS AS A SPECIES AMONG SPECIES
    5. Chapter 14: Extinction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE MEANING OF INDIVIDUAL EXTINCTION
      4. THE MEANING OF SPECIES EXTINCTION
      5. THE ROLE OF OUR SPECIES WITHIN THE LIFE SPAN OF OUR SPECIES
    6. Chapter 15: Conclusion
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE ORIGINS OF HUMAN SEPARATION FROM NATURE
      4. OUTCOMES OF OUR POSITION WITH RESPECT TO THE ENVIRONMENT
      5. TWO STORIES
  10. Compilation of References
  11. About the Contributors