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Technology Transfer

Book Description

This study focuses on technology transfer in the steel mini-mill industry. It identifies two central issues: how capacity is built and how demand is sustained, developing a three-dimensional perspective to bring into sharp focus the desirability and necessity of technology transfer. The three-dimensional perspective focuses on the changes in the marketplace for flat steel sheets, the responsiveness and sensitivity to these market changes, and applying the best available technology to obtain a high quality product. Prior to this study, technology transfer has been examined in a bivariate relationship, namely, how technology transfer contributed to the development process in developing countries and Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs).

The framework formulated in this study showed that Japan was lagging behind all the steel-producing countries because, like the NICs, it imported the physical and organizational technologies that fostered its prosperity. Based on primary and secondary research, this study revealed that high levels of operational efficiency and sophisticated product quality were achieved through continuous improvement culminating in Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) consisting of Real Time Process Control. On the other hand, the research also revealed that China based the improvement of its steel industry on self-reliance combined with judicious selection of foreign collaboration.

The theoretical underpinnings of the crucial issues in this study led to the development of an interactive model of technology transfer based upon stock and flow variables.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. List of Figures
  6. List of Tables
  7. List of Maps
  8. Foreword
  9. Preface
  10. I INTRODUCTION
    1. Resurgence of the Steel Industry
    2. Steelmaking arid Technology Transfer
    3. Steel-Makirig Technology and Strategy
    4. Technology Outlook for the Future
  11. II AN OVERVIEW
    1. Central Technologies of Steel Minimills
    2. The Transfer of Steelmaking Technology
    3. Modern Steel Technology
  12. III THE SCRAP MARKET
  13. IV TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER—LITERATURE REVIEW
    1. The Market
    2. Technological Progress
    3. Models of Technology Transfer
    4. A Synthesis of the Three Approaches
    5. Toward a Dynamic Taxonomy of Technology Transfer
    6. Steel Minimill Technologies
  14. V A COMPARISON OF INTEGRATED STEEL MILLS WITH STEEL MINIMILLS
    1. Product Types
    2. Capacities of Mills
    3. Geographic Locations
    4. Raw Materials
    5. Technology
    6. Productivity
    7. Employment Costs
    8. Entry and Exit
    9. Technology Trends
  15. VI THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY
    1. A Knowledge-Based Framework of Technology Transfer
    2. Knowledge Architecture
    3. Market Direction
    4. Inter Industry Technology Transfer
    5. The Technology Transfer Challenges
    6. Technology Transfer Opportunities to China
    7. The Technology Opportunities Generated in Europe and Latin America
    8. Conclusion
  16. VII JAPANESE CASE STUDY
    1. The Evolution and Unique Contribution of the Modern Japanese Steel Industry
    2. Steelmaking Locations in Japan
    3. Three Key Developmental Characteristics of the Japanese Steel Industry
    4. Lessons of Experience from Development of the Japanese Steel Industry
  17. VIII THE DIRECTION OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER WITHIN THE STEEL INDUSTRIES IN NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
    1. Different Economic and Technological Development Paradigms in NICs and LDCs
    2. Options for Increasing Steel Capacity
    3. Technological Prospects for NICs and LDCs
    4. Conclusion
  18. IX FUTURE RESEARCH
    1. A Brief Review
    2. A View to Future Studies
    3. Stock and Flow Variables—an Interactive Model of Technology Transfer
    4. The Pathfinding Nature of this Study
  19. Glossary
  20. Bibliography
  21. Index