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Technology, Sustainability, and Rural Development in Africa

Book Description

The emerging use of information and communication technologies has expanded the opportunities for rural development in Africa. Technology, Sustainability, and Rural Development in Africa provides research, analytical methods, techniques, and development policies in ICT adoption and diffusion in Africa and around the globe. Highlighting the major trends in ICT applications and rural development, this book is useful for scholars, academics, researchers and government policy makers.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. Associate Editors
  5. Preface
    1. HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    2. THE SEARCH FOR NEW DEVELOPMENT MODELS
    3. MARKET ACCESS PROBLEMS AND RATIONALE FOR ICT-LED DEVELOPMENT
    4. ICT AS “DEVELOPMENT ENABLER”
    5. BOOK ORGANIZATION
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS IN ICT RESEARCH FOR DEVELOPMENT
  6. Chapter 1: A Framework for Analyzing the Role of ICT on Agricultural Commercialization and Household Food Security
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1 INTRODUCTION
    3. 2 TRANSACTION COSTS AND THE SMALLHOLDER FARMER
    4. 3 ILLUSTRATIVE CASE STUDIES
    5. 4 CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT PRACTIONERS
  7. Chapter 2: The Role of ICT-Based Market Information Services in Spatial Food Market Integration
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
    4. 3. METHODOLOGY
    5. 4. RESULTS
    6. 5. CONCLUSION
  8. Chapter 3: The Growth of E-Commerce in Developing Countries
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    4. CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND
    5. CHARACTERISTICS OF SMALL TO MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES
    6. POTENTIAL OPPORTUNITIES OF USING E-COMMERCE IN SMES
    7. CHALLENGES OF USING E-COMMERCE IN SMES
    8. CONCLUSION
  9. Chapter 4: Using ICT to Integrate Smallholder Farmers into Agricultural Value Chain
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. THE STUDY CONTEXT
    4. 3. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    5. 4. THE DRUMNET PROJECT: DESIGN AND TARGETED CONSTRAINTS
    6. 5. EFFECT OF PARTICIPATION IN THE DRUMNET PROJECT ON FARMERS MARGINS
    7. 6. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
  10. Chapter 5: The Effect of ICT-Based Market Information Services on the Performance of Agricultural Markets
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. METHODOLOGY
    4. 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    5. 4. CONCLUSION AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
  11. Chapter 6: The Role of Market Information in Adoption of Agricultural Seed Technology in Rural Uganda
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK
    4. DATA
    5. RESULTS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. APPENDIX
  12. Chapter 7: Awareness of ICT-Based Projects and the Intensity of Use of Mobile Phones Among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. STUDY CONTEXT
    4. 3. STUDY METHODS
    5. 4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
    6. 5. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
  13. Chapter 8: Use of Mobile Phone Technology in Agricultural Marketing
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    4. 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    5. 4. CONCLUSION AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
  14. Chapter 9: Uses of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Agriculture and Rural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1.0 INTRODUCTION
    3. 2.0 A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING THE EVOLUTION OF E-GOVERNANCE AND ICT USE IN AGRICULTURE
    4. 3.0 HISTORY OF ICT INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN S. AFRICA AND KENYA
    5. 4.0 ICT APPLICATION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN AGRICULTURE
    6. 5.0. APPLICATION OF ICT IN AGRICULTURE: REVIEW OF CASES
    7. 6.0 CONCLUSION
  15. Chapter 10: Effect of Access to Formal Market Information on Prices Received by Smallholder Farmers in Uganda
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE MODEL
    4. THE DATA
    5. RESULTS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. APPENDIX
  16. Chapter 11: Use of Information and Communication Tools and Services by Rural Grain Traders
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. STUDY CONTEXT AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    4. 3. EMPIRICAL METHODS
    5. 4. RESULTS
    6. 5. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS
  17. Chapter 12: The Adoption and Sustainability of Technology-Enhanced Education in Higher Institutions of Learning in Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ICT IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN AFRICA AS AN ACTOR-NETWORK
    4. HIGHER EDUCATION IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA
    5. ICTS, HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT AND THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
    6. THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA
    7. ICT INTEGRATION AND TRANSFORMATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA
    8. OBSTACLES TO ICT INTEGRATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA
    9. BEYOND COMPUTERS: A SUSTAINABLE INTEGRATION ICTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA
    10. CONCLUSION
  18. Chapter 13: An Overview of Internet Developments and their Impact on E-Government in South Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. E-GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
    4. CONCLUSION
  19. Chapter 14: Convergence of Wireless Technologies in Consolidating E-Government Applications in Sub-Saharan Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CASE STUDIES
    4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
  20. Chapter 15: International Collaboration in Distance Education in Sub-Saharan Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. BACKGROUND
    3. SETTING THE STAGE
    4. CASE DESCRIPTION
    5. CURRENT CHALLENGES
    6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  21. Chapter 16: Emerging Information and Communication Technology Policy Framework for Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE DIGITAL DIVIDE AND AFRICA
    5. ICTS AND THE ATTAINMENT OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN AFRICA
    6. POLICIES ON EMERGING ICTS IN AFRICA
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  22. Chapter 17: ICT Policy Development Process in Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ICT POLICY IN AFRICA
    4. ICT POLICY DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES IN AFRICA
    5. POLICY IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS IN AFRICA
    6. CHALLENGES AND LESSONS LEARNT
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
  23. Chapter 18: Gender and National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Policies in Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. NATIONAL POLICIES FOR ICT IN AFRICA
    5. STATUS OF GENDER INEQUALITY IN ICT IN AFRICA
    6. GENDER PERSPECTIVES AND ICT
    7. ICT OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN IN AFRICA
    8. GENDER ANALYSIS AND NATIONAL ICT POLICY
    9. PROVISION FOR GENDER IN NATIONAL ICT POLICIES IN AFRICA
    10. IMPLICATIONS FOR NATIONAL ICT POLICY FORMULATION IN AFRICA
    11. FUTURE TRENDS
    12. CONCLUSION
  24. Chapter 19: Mobile Agriculture in South Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. BACKGROUND: MOBILE GOVERNMENT, MOBILE AGRICULTURE AND E-AGRICULTURE
    4. 3. IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK FOR MOBILE AGRICULTURE
    5. 4. BENEFITS AND BARRIERS OF USING MODERN ICT IN AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA
    6. 5. KEY CONSIDERATIONS FOR MOBILE AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTATION AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA
    7. 6. CONCLUSION
  25. Chapter 20: ICT Policy for Agriculture Based on a Transaction Cost Approach
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1.0 BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEM: HIGH TRANSACTION COSTS
    3. 2.0 DEFINING TRANSACTION COSTS: INFORMATION SEARCH COSTS
    4. 3.0 INFORMATION SEARCH COSTS: A CASE STUDY5
    5. 4.0 ROLE OF ICT IN REDUCING INFORMATION SEARCH COSTS
    6. 5.0 ICT POLICY FOR AGRICULTURE: USEFUL OR NOT?
    7. 6.0 CASE OF SRI LANKA
    8. 7.0 CURRENT PREDICAMENT OF ICT FOR AGRICULTURE IN SRI LANKA
    9. 8.0 THE FUTURE OF ICT IN AGRICULTURE: FORWARD MARKETS AND MOBILE PHONES
  26. Compilation of References
  27. About the Contributors