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Technology and Practice in Geotechnical Engineering

Book Description

Knowledge surrounding the behavior of earth materials is important to a number of industries, including the mining and construction industries. Further research into the field of geotechnical engineering can assist in providing the tools necessary to analyze the condition and properties of the earth. Technology and Practice in Geotechnical Engineering brings together theory and practical application, thus offering a unified and thorough understanding of soil mechanics. Highlighting illustrative examples, technological applications, and theoretical and foundational concepts, this book is a crucial reference source for students, practitioners, contractors, architects, and builders interested in the functions and mechanics of sedimentary materials.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1.0 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
    3. 1.1 DEVELOPMENT OF SOIL ENGINEERING
    4. 1.2 THE NATURE AND ORIGIN OF SOILS
    5. 1.3 WEATHERING
    6. 1.4 TROPICAL WEATHERING AND LATERIZATION
    7. 1.5 SOME SOIL TYPES
    8. 1.6 SOIL MAPS
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  8. Chapter 2: Clay Mineralogy and Soil Structure
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 2.0 MINERALS
    3. 2.1 ELEMENTS AND COMPOUNDS
    4. 2.2 STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH
    5. 2.3 SOIL FORMING ROCKS
    6. 2.4 CLAY MINERALS
    7. 2.5 GEOLOGIC STRUCTURES
    8. 2.6 SOIL STRUCTURE
    9. 2.7 CLAY-WATER INTERFACE
    10. 2.8 IMPORTANCE OF GEOLOGY AND CLAY MINERALOGY
    11. REFERENCES
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. APPENDIX 1: PROBLEMS
    14. APPENDIX 2: FIGURES
  9. Chapter 3: Classification and Identification Properties of Soils
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 3.1 INDEX PROPERTIES OF SOILS
    3. 3.2 PHASE RELATIONSHIPS IN SOIL
    4. 3.3 CONSISTENCY INDICES
    5. 3.4 CLASSIFICATION OF SOILS
    6. 3.5 VISUAL IDENTIFICATION OF SOILS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
    10. APPENDIX 2: TABLE 19
  10. Chapter 4: Stresses in Soils Due to External Loading
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 4.1 DEFINITION OF STRESS AT A POINT
    3. 4.2 ELASTICITY EQUATIONS FOR AN ISOTROPIC MATERIAL
    4. 4.3 STRESSES DUE TO SURFACE LOADS
    5. 4.4 SETTLEMENT DUE TO EXTERNAL LOADING
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  11. Chapter 5: Shear Strength of Soils
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 5.1 STRESS CONCEPTS
    3. 5.2 MOHR-COULOMB THEORY OF LIMITING EQUILIBRIUM
    4. 5.3 LABORATORY DETERMINATION OF SHEAR STRENGTH OF SOILS
    5. 5.5 IN-SITU METHODS (FIELD TESTS)
    6. 5.5 ANALYSIS OF SHEAR STRENGTH
    7. 5.6 CREEP OF SOILS
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  12. Chapter 6: Earth Pressure Analysis and Retaining Walls
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 6.1 LATERAL SUPPORT IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
    3. 6.2 EARTH PRESSURE AT REST
    4. 6.3 ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE
    5. 6.4 PASSIVE EARTH PRESSURE
    6. 6.5 RANKINE’S EARTH PRESSURE FOR INCLINED GRANULAR BACKFILL
    7. 6.6 OTHER FACTORS WHICH AFFECT LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE
    8. 6.7 GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINING EARTH PRESSURES
    9. 6.8 WALLS WHICH DO NOT FAIL BY ROTATION ABOUT THE LOWER EDGE
    10. 6.9 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THE DESIGN OF RETAINING WALLS
    11. 6.10 EARTH PRESSURE ON UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES
    12. REFERENCES
    13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    14. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  13. Chapter 7: Seepage and Groundwater Flow
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 7.0 SEEPAGE AND GROUNDWATER FLOW
    3. 7.2 EFFECTIVE STRESS CONCEPT
    4. 7.3 SOIL PERMEABILITY
    5. 7.4 EFFECTIVE STRESS AND PORE-WATER PRESSURE
    6. 7.5 BASIC FLOW EQUATIONS
    7. 7.6 SEEPAGE THROUGH EARTH DAMS
    8. 7.7 MECHANICS OF PIPING
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  14. Chapter 8: Compressibility and Consolidation of Soils
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 8.1 COMPRESSIBILITY OF SOILS
    3. 8.2 LABORATORY CONSOLIDATION TEST
    4. 8.3 RELATION BETWEEN PRESSURE AND VOID RATIO
    5. 8.4 CONSOLIDATION SETTLEMENT
    6. 8.5 TERZAGHI THEORY OF CONSOLIDATION
    7. 8.6 SECONDARY COMPRESSION
    8. 8.7 GENERALIZED THEORY OF CONSOLIDATION
    9. 8.8 CONSOLIDATION CHARACTERISTICS OF LATERITE SOILS
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  15. Chapter 9: Stability of Earth Masses and Slopes
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 9.1 TYPES AND CAUSES OF EARTH MOVEMENTS
    3. 9.2 STABILITY ANALYSIS OF SLOPES
    4. 9.3 STABILITY ANALYSIS OF FINITE SLOPES
    5. 9.4 STABILITY CHARTS
    6. 9.5 EFFECT OF WATER TABLE ON SLOPE STABILITY
    7. 9.6 STABILITY ANALYSIS OF TRANSLATIONAL FAILURE
    8. 9.7 METHODS OF SLOPE STABILIZATION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  16. Chapter 10: Soil Improvement and Stabilization
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 10.0 IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES
    3. 10.1 COMPACTION
    4. 10.2 STABILIZATION OF SOILS
    5. 10.3 REINFORCED EARTH AND SOIL NAILING
    6. 10.4 PAVEMENT DESIGN
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  17. Chapter 11: Bearing Capacity and Foundations
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 11.0 FOUNDATIONS: SHALLOW AND DEEP
    3. 11.1 SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS
    4. 11.2 BEARING CAPACITY OF SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS
    5. 11.3 DESIGN OF SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS
    6. 11.4 DEEP FOUNDATIONS: PILES
    7. 11.5 DRILLED PIERS/CAISSONS
    8. 11.6 GROUP CAPACITY OF DEEP FOUNDATIONS
    9. 11.7 DOWNDRAG
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  18. Chapter 12: Subsurface Investigation
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 12.0 SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION
    3. 12.1 SITE EXPLORATION PROGRAM
    4. 12.2 SUBSURFACE SECTIONING OR SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION AND SAMPLING
    5. 12.3 IN-SITU TESTING
    6. 12.4. GEOPHYSICAL METHODS OF SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION
    7. 12.5. LABORATORY (EX-SITU -- “OUT OF ITS ORIGINAL PLACE”) TESTS
    8. 12.6 SOIL EXPLORATION REPORT
    9. 12.7. ECONOMICS OF SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. APPENDIX: PROBLEMS
  19. Appendix
    1. GLOSSARY OF SYMBOLS
    2. SYSTEMS OF UNITS
  20. Compilation of References
  21. About the Author