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Technologies for Supporting Reasoning Communities and Collaborative Decision Making

Book Description

The information age has enabled unprecedented levels of data to be collected and stored. At the same time, society and organizations have become increasingly complex. Consequently, decisions in many facets have become increasingly complex but have the potential to be better informed.Technologies for Supporting Reasoning Communities and Collaborative Decision Making: Cooperative Approaches includes chapters from diverse fields of enquiry including decision science, political science, argumentation, knowledge management, cognitive psychology and business intelligence.  Each chapter illustrates a perspective on group reasoning that ultimately aims to lead to a greater understanding of reasoning communities and inform technological developments.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD
    2. LIST OF REVIEWERS
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Section 1: Understanding Collaborative Reasoning
    1. Chapter 1: An Argumentation Model of Deliberative Decision-Making
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE FACTORS LIST METHOD OF STRUCTURING DELIBERATION
      5. BASIC METHODS OF ARGUMENTATION
      6. COMPUTATIONAL LITERATURE ON ARGUMENTATION MODELS OF DELIBERATION
      7. APPLYING THE METHOD OF ARGUMENTATION TO THE EXAMPLE
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: Intersubjective Reasoning and the Formation of Metaconsensus
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METACONSENSUS: OUTCOMES IN THE FORM OF AGREEMENT
      5. EXPLORING DELIBERATIVE OUTCOMES EMPIRICALLY
      6. COMPARING METACONSENSUS BEFORE AND AFTER DELIBERATION
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: Communication and Group Performance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. RESEARCH FINDINGS
      5. DISCUSSION CRITICAL THINKING AND GROUP PERFORMANCE
      6. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CMC AND FTF GROUPS
      7. SUMMARY OF THE RESEARCH FINDINGS
      8. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 4: Information Sharing and Processing in Computer-Mediated Interactions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Communities of Practice in Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. COPS NATURE AND OBJECTIVES
      5. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 6: A Reasoning Community Perspective on Deliberative Democracy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY
      4. THE ELEMENTS OF A REASONING COMMUNITY
      5. MEASURING DELIBERATION
      6. A REASONING COMMUNITY PERSPECTIVE ON DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY
      7. THE ENGAGEMENT PHASE
      8. INDIVIDUAL REASONING PHASE
      9. COALESCING
      10. THE DECISION-MAKING PHASE
      11. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 2: Enhancing Collaborative Reasoning
    1. Chapter 7: Group Decision Making
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SCALE
      4. PRIORITIES, CONSISTENCY, AND NUMBER OF ELEMENTS
      5. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 8: Distributed Collaborations and the Effect of Sociometric Feedback
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
      5. GROUP PROBLEM SOLVING EXPERIMENT
      6. SOCIAL DILEMMA EXPERIMENT
      7. THE POTENTIAL FOR REAL-WORLD APPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    3. Chapter 9: Methods of Group Decisions and Aggregation of Experts’ Opinions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUZZY SETS
      5. CONSENSUS
      6. DISCUSSION OF VARIOUS GDM VARIANTS
      7. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 10: Cognitive Tools for Group Decision Making
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ELICITING CONSTRUCTS
    5. Chapter 11: Group Decision Making for Advanced Manufacturing Technology Selection Using the Choquet Integral
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW: GROUP DECISION MAKING AND AMTS
      4. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
      5. THE CHOQUET INTEGRAL
      6. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 12: Indexing as an Ontological Support for Legal Reasoning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MASTERING SOCIETAL COMPLEXITY WITH INDEXING
      5. THE DYNAMIC LEGAL ELECTRONIC COMMENTARY AS A NEW MODEL OF INDEXING
      6. ESTABLISHING THE ONTOLOGIES AND FIRST EXPERIMENTS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 13: A Case for the Re-Use of Community Reasoning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT REASONING CAN BE CAPTURED?
      4. HOW TO REPRESENT GROUP REASONING
      5. HOW TO RE-USE A GROUP COALESCED PRODUCT
      6. CONCLUSION
  9. Section 3: Collaborative Reasoning in the Real World
    1. Chapter 14: Collaborative Transportation Sharing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ORGANISATIONAL ASPECTS
      5. COLLABORATIVE SHARING APPROACHES FOCUS
      6. COMPANY’S OVERVIEW
      7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 15: Spatial Ontologies in Multi-Agent Environmental Planning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NOTES ON SPATIAL COGNITION AND REPRESENTATION IN MULTI-AGENT REASONING AND PLANNING
      4. DISCUSSION AND FINAL NOTES
      5. NOTE
    3. Chapter 16: Chewing the Communal Cud
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MASS MEDIA, THE PUBLIC SPHERE AND THE IDEAL OF DELIBERATION
      4. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR AND PUBLIC DELIBERATION
      5. POLITICAL BLOGS AND PUBLIC DELIBERATION
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 17: Decision Support in Interest Based Negotiation Support Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NEGOTIATION SUPPORT SYSTEMS
      4. THEORY IMPLEMENTED IN ASSETDIVIDER
      5. AN EXAMPLE USING ASSETDIVIDER
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
    5. Chapter 18: A Multiagents System for Coordinating Naval Forces
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. NETSCHEDULER, A SIMULATION TOOL FOR RESPONSE COORDINATION
      5. EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION
      6. CONCLUSION
  10. Section 4: Collaborative Reasoning in the Virtual World
    1. Chapter 19: Negotiating Meaning in a Blog-Based Community
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. UNIQUE PROBLEM
      6. SHARED PROBLEMS
      7. COMMUNITY PROBLEMS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 20: Establishing Reasoning Communities of Security Experts for Internet Commerce Security
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EXAMPLES OF ISSUES FOR DISCOURSE IN REASONING COMMUNITIES OF INTERNET SECURITY EXPERTS
      4. REASONING METHODS FOR COMMUNITIES OF INTERNET SECURITY EXPERTS
      5. DELPHI METHOD AND WIDEBAND DELPHI PROCESS FOR REASONING COMMUNITIES OF INTERNET SECURITY EXPERTS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 21: Web Technologies and Reasoning Communities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE WORK
      5. CONCLUSION
  11. Compilation of References