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Technological Advancements in Biomedicine for Healthcare Applications

Book Description

Technology continues to play a major role in all aspects of society, particularly healthcare. Advancements such as biomedical image processing, technology in rehabilitation, and biomedical robotics for healthcare have aided in significant strides in the biomedical engineering research field. Technological Advancements in Biomedicine for Healthcare Applications presents an overview of biomedical technologies and its relationship with healthcare applications. This reference source is essential for researchers and practitioners aiming to learn more about biomedical engineering and its related fields.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Section 1: Biomedical Technologies for Healthcare
    1. Chapter 1: Description of and Applications for a Motion Analysis Method for Upper Limbs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE UPPER LIMB MOTIONS
      4. IMPROVING THE METHOD FOR EFFICIENT POINTER OPERATION ON A GUI SCREEN
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    2. Chapter 2: An EMG Control System for an Ultrasonic Motor Using a PSoC Microcomputer
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROPOSED EMG CONTROL SYSTEM
      4. THE EXPERIMENT
      5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: A New, Non-Invasive in vivo Optical Blood Glucose Measurement Technique Using Near-Infrared Radiation (“Pulse Glucometry”) and a Proposal for “Pulse Hemo-Photometry” Blood Constituent Measurements
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. PROBLEMS IN MEASURING BLOOD CONSTITUENTS in vivo
      4. SOLUTIONS AND EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 4: Biomedical Application of Multimodal Ultrasound Microscope
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Biomedical Information Processing and Visualization for Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FLUORESCENCE-GUIDED PRECISION NEUROSURGERY
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 6: Image Fusion Method and the Efficacy of Multimodal Cardiac Images
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUSION METHOD BY IMAGE PROCESSING
      4. EFFICACY OF IMAGE FUSION IN CLINICAL USE
    7. Chapter 7: The Development of a Quantitative Method for the Detection of Periarticular Osteoporosis Using Density Features within ROIs from Computed Radiography Images of the Hand
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. IMAGE ANALYSIS METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 8: Construction of Digital Statistical Atlases of the Liver and their Applications to Computer-Aided Diagnosis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROBABILISTIC ATLASES OF THE LIVER
      4. STATISTICAL SHAPE ATLASES OF THE LIVER
      5. STATISTICAL TEXTURE ATLASES OF THE LIVER
      6. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 9: Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) Control for Restoration and Rehabilitation of Motor Function
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BASICS OF FES FOR ASSISTING AND RESTORING MOTOR FUNCTIONS
      4. STUDIES ON FES CONTROL STRATEGY
      5. FES SYSTEM FOR REHABILITATION
    10. Chapter 10: Human-Friendly Mechatronics Systems with Functional Fluids and Elastomers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. APPLICATIONS TO HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS
      4. APPLICATIONS TO LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS
      5. APPLICATION TO EVALUATION SYSTEMS FOR HUMANS
      6. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 11: A Strength Training Machine with a Dynamic Resistance Control Function Based on Muscle Activity Level
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PROPOSED SYSTEM
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 12: Medical Manipulators for Surgical Applications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. GENERAL DESIGN PRINCIPLES
      4. 3. THE CLASSIFICATION OF MEDICAL MANIPULATORS BY JOINT CATEGORY
      5. 4. THE CLASSIFICATION OF MEDICAL MANIPULATOR BY AUTOMATICITY
      6. 5. SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION
    13. Chapter 13: Design of and Experimentation with a Walking Assistance Robot
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE STRUCTURE OF THE WALKING ASSISTANCE ROBOT
      4. RESEARCH SETUP
      5. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 14: Neurosurgical Operations Using Navigation Microscope Integration System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 15: Wearable Power Assist Robot Driven with Pneumatic Rubber Artificial Muscles
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF POWER ASSIST ROBOTS
      4. PNEUMATIC RUBBER ARTIFICIAL MUSCLES
      5. EXOSKELETON TYPE STANDING UP MOTION ASSIST DEVICE
      6. POWER ASSIST WEAR
      7. CONCLUSION
    16. Chapter 16: Bone-Conducted Ultrasonic Perception
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OBJECTIVE OBSERVATION OF BONE-CONDUCTED ULTRASONIC PERCEPTION
      4. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF BCUHAS
      5. PSYCHOACOUSTIC FEATURES OF BCU PERCEPTION
      6. NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS UNDERLYING BCU PERCEPTION
      7. THE DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF A BONE-CONDUCTED ULTRASONIC HEARING AID
      8. CONCLUSION
    17. Chapter 17: Biomedical Robotics for Healthcare
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. AUTOMATIC CLASSIFICATION AND SKILL ASSESSMENT OF FORCEPS MANIPULATION
      4. CREATING VIRTUAL RIGIDITY BY MODIFYING THE FORCE PROFILE OF A REAL OBJECT
      5. CONCLUSION
    18. Chapter 18: Small Medical Robot
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MEDICAL ROBOT OPERATION
      4. TRAVEL VERIFICATION
      5. CLINICAL PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT
      6. CONCLUSION
    19. Chapter 19: Functional Electrical Stimulation Based on Interference-Driven PWM Signals for Neuro-Rehabilitation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BMI RESEARCH OVERVIEW
      4. DESIGN OF A MULTI-CHANNEL FUNCTIONAL ELECTRICAL STIMULATOR DEVICE
      5. BRAIN ACTIVITY RESULTING FROM ELECTRICAL STIMULATION
      6. APPLICATION TO THE PARALYZED HAND REHABILITATION OF CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE
      7. SUMMARY
    20. Chapter 20: A Neuromorphic Robot Vision System to Predict the Response of Visual Neurons
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR VERGENCE EYE MOVEMENT CONTROL
      4. BINOCULAR ROBOT VISION SYSTEM
      5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
    21. Chapter 21: Biomedical Robotics for Healthcare
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ROBOTIC SURGERY
    22. Chapter 22: Recent Progress in Mechanically Biocompatible Titanium-Based Materials
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FURTHER REDUCING YOUNG’S MODULUS
      4. ADVANCED CONCEPT OF YOUNG’S MODULUS OPTIMIZATION
      5. SUMMARY
    23. Chapter 23: Tough Double-Network Hydrogels as Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. I. INTRODUCTION
      3. II. HYDROGELS AS SCAFFOLD FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING: CELL BEHAVIOR IN VITRO
      4. III. HYDROGELS AS SCAFFOLDS FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING IN VIVO
      5. V. CONCLUSION
    24. Chapter 24: Calcium Phosphate Coating on Titanium by RF Magnetron Sputtering
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SURFACE MODIFICATION USING CALCIUM PHOSPHATE COATING
      4. FABRICATION OF COATINGS BY RF MAGNETRON SPUTTERING
      5. PROPERTIES OF COATINGS FABRICATED BY RF MAGNETRON SPUTTERING
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 2: Brain-Machine Interfaces for Healthcare
    1. Chapter 25: Nursing in Integrative Medicine and Nurses’ Engagement in Caring-Healing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. EFFECTS OF MUSIC THERAPY ON PARKINSON’S DISEASE PATIENTS: QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THEIR MENTAL HEALTH
      3. QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY ON THE EFFECTS OF MUSIC THERAPY ON PARKINSON’S DISEASE PATIENTS
      4. PROMOTION OF INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE AND THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF NURSES
      5. LESSONS LEARNDED FROM MULTI-DISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION
      6. NURSING IN INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE AND NURSES’ ENGAGEMENT IN CARING-HEALING
    2. Chapter 26: Non-Contact Pulse Monitoring Using Live Imaging
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MEASUREMENT MECHANISM
      4. FUTURE APPLICATIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 27: A Human-Like Cognitive Computer Based on a Psychologically Inspired VLSI Brain Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A BRAIN-MIMICKING VLSI SYSTEM
      4. VLSI IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KEY FUNCTIONS OF SUBCONSCIOUS PROCESSING
      5. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 28: Computational Study of the Hemodynamics of Cerebral Aneurysm Initiation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    5. Chapter 29: Automated Analysis of Nursery School Observations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CORE TECHNOLOGICAL PROBLEMS
      4. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      5. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 30: Sleep Monitoring System Equipped with a Flexible Non-Contact ECG, Respiration, and Body Motion Sensor
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ECG MEASUREMENT USING CAPACITY-COUPLED ELECTRODE TECHNOLOGY
      4. NON-CONTACT ECG MEASUREMENT CIRCUIT
      5. FLEXIBLE SHEET-LIKE SENSOR FOR THE NON-CONTACT MEASUREMENT OF RESPIRATION/MOTION
      6. NON-CONSTRAINED AND UNCONSCIOUSNESS SLEEP MONITORING SENSOR SYSTEM
      7. ONE NIGHT SLEEP MONITORING EXPERIMENT
      8. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 31: Fusion Physiological Sensing System for Healthcare
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUSION PHYSIOLOGICAL SENSING SYSTEM
      4. RESULTS OF RECORDINGS THROUGH PRACTICAL USE
      5. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. Chapter 32: Molecular Network Analysis of Target RNAs and Interacting Proteins of TDP-43, a Causative Gene for the Neurodegenerative Diseases ALS/FTLD
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 33: Modularity of Biochemical Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LARGE-SCALE PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION NETWORKS
      4. DESIGN OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS BASED ON MODULAR ARCHITECTURES
    10. Chapter 34: Methods for the Analysis of Intracellular Signal Transduction Systems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EXAMPLE MODEL
      4. MODEL ANALYTICAL METHODS
      5. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 35: Quantitative Modeling of Neuronal Polarization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. MODELING OF NEURONAL POLARIZATION
      4. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 36: Brain–Machine Interface Using Brain Surface Electrodes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NEURAL DECODING AND REAL-TIME ROBOTIC CONTROL USING ELECTROCORTICOGRAMS
      4. A FULLY IMPLANTABLE WIRELESS SYSTEM
      5. NONINVASIVE NEURAL DECODING USING MAGNETOENCEPHALOGRAPHY
      6. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 37: Preservation and Reproduction of Human Motion Based on a Motion-Copying System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONTROLLER DESIGN OF MCS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 38: A Simple Web-Based Image Database System for Facilitating Medical Care in Dermatological Clinics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
      5. PROPOSED SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
      6. SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
      7. DEVELOPED USER INTERFACE
      8. DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD
    15. Chapter 39: Ecological Momentary Assessment Using a Mobile Phone
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUPPORTIVE INTERVENTION SYSTEM USING A MOBILE PHONE
      4. DISCUSSION
      5. CONCLUSION
  9. Compilation of References
  10. About the Contributors