You are previewing Teacher Education: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications.
O'Reilly logo
Teacher Education: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Book Description

Educators play a significant role in the intellectual and social development of children and young adults. Next-generation teachers can only be as strong as their own educational foundation which serves to cultivate their knowledge of the learning process, uncover best practices in the field of education, and employ leadership abilities that will inspire students of all ages. Teacher Education: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications explores the current state of pre-service teacher programs as well as continuing education initiatives for in-service educators. Emphasizing the growing role of technology in teacher skill development and training as well as key teaching methods and pedagogical developments, this multi-volume work compiles research essential to higher education professionals and administrators, educational software developers, and researchers studying pre-service and in-service teacher training.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editor-in-Chief
    2. Associate Editors
    3. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
  6. Section 1: Fundamental Concepts and Theories
    1. Chapter 1: Active Learning, Deliberate Practice, and Educational Technology in Professional Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODS
      4. FINDINGS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: Critical Thinking, Instruction, and Professional Development for Schools in the Digital Age
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Exemplar of Pearls of Wisdom for the Academy through Dr. Pearlie Dove's Career in Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX A
      11. APPENDIX B
      12. APPENDIX C
    4. Chapter 4: How Pre-Service and First-Year Teachers Utilize Informal Learning in a Work Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Introducing Educational Technology into the Higher Education Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TEACHING AND LEARNING WITH TECHNOLOGY AT A UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
      4. PARTNERS@WORK: EMPOWERING EDUCATORS TO USE TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION
      5. A FRAMEWORK FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 6: Preparing Culturally Competent Teachers through Faculty-Led Study Abroad
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 7: Preservice Teachers' Knowledge Construction with Technology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. STUDY ON PRESERVICE TEACHERS’ TPACK DEVELOPMENT
      5. FINDINGS
      6. IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Self-Directed Learning in Family Medicine
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FRAMEWORK FOR LEARNING
      4. SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING
      5. CHARACTERISTICS OF SELF-DIRECTED LEARNERS
      6. SCIENCE AND MEDICINE: CONSTANTLY CHANGING
      7. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
      8. PHYSICIANS AS ADULT LEARNERS
      9. PHYSICIANS AS SELF-DIRECTED LEARNERS
      10. MOORE’S FIVE LEARNING STAGES
      11. SDL AND CME
      12. FAMILY PHYSICIANS AS SELF-DIRECTED LEARNERS
      13. ASSESSING SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING READINESS
      14. RESEARCH SUMMARY
      15. CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS, AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      16. REFERENCES
      17. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 9: Teachers' Portfolios
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFLECTIVE TEACHING: EXPLORING THE PROCESS
      4. RATIONAL FOR REFLECTIVE TEACHING
      5. TEACHERS’ PORTFOLIOS: DEFINITIONS AND IMPORTANCE
      6. A TEACHING PORTFOLIO SAMPLE FORMAT
      7. TEACHING PORTFOLIO CONTENTS
      8. TEACHING PORTFOLIO PROCESS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 10: The Benefits and Challenges of Study Abroad in Teacher Education in a Neoliberal Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. POSTGLOBAL FRAMEWORK
      4. THE BENEFITS OF STUDY ABROAD: PREDETERMINED TRANSFORMATIONS?
      5. THE CHALLENGES OF STUDY ABROAD
      6. THE HONDURAS STUDY ABROAD PROGRAM
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTE
    11. Chapter 11: The Role of Teacher Leadership for Promoting Professional Development Practices
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. CONTEXT, RESEARCH DESIGN, AND MODES OF INQUIRY
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. FRAMEWORK FOR TEACHER-DIRECTED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      9. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    12. Chapter 12: The Role of Technology in Improving Quality of Teaching in Higher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHOD
      4. FINDINGS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. CHALLENGES, SOLUTIONS, AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 13: Trends in Human Resource Development in Zimbabwe
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      4. CHARACTERISTICS OF PROGRESSIVE LEADERSHIP
      5. THE FORMALIZATION OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      6. THE NON-FORMALIZATION OF FORMAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (AND VICE VERSA)
      7. THE “UNIVERSALIZATION” OF CONTINUING EDUCATION
      8. THE NON-FORMALIZATION OF INFORMAL EDUCATION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  7. Section 2: Development and Design Methodologies
    1. Chapter 14: A Framework for Supporting In-Service Teachers to Use Domain-Specific Technologies for Instruction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A FRAMEWORK FOR DOMAIN-SPECIFIC INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGIES
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 15: A Professional Development Framework for the Flipped Classroom Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING THE FLIPPED CLASSROOM (FC) MODEL
      4. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FCM PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
      5. CASE STUDIES: EXAMPLES OF BEST PRACTICES WITHIN A FLIPPED CLASSROOM MODEL FRAMEWORK
      6. CONSIDERATIONS WHEN CONDUCTING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT UTILIZING THE FLIPPED CLASSROOM (FC) MODEL
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 16: Approaching Leadership from a Lifelong Learning Perspective
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATION BACKGROUND
      3. REALITIES AND PERSPECTIVES OF PRESENT AND FUTURE UNIVERSITY LIFELONG LEARNING PROGRAMS
      4. THE FUTURE OF CONTINUING EDUCATION WITHIN THE SENIORS’ COLLECTIVE
      5. THE NEED FOR A SPECIFIC CURRICULUM FOR THE SENIORS’ PARTICIPATION IN EDUCATION?
      6. FROM THEORY TO REALITY OF BEST PRACTICES IN UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS FOR SENIORS
      7. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 17: Designing a cMOOC for Lecturer Professional Development in the 21st Century
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS
      4. A FRAMEWORK FOR CREATIVE PEDAGOGIES
      5. DESIGNING A MOBILE SOCIAL MEDIA LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES CMOOC
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 18: Designing Authentic Field-Based Experiences with Immigrant Students through One University and Urban School Partnership
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. FINDINGS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. ENDNOTE
    6. Chapter 19: Game Network Analysis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SHIFTING TRENDS IN EDUCATIONAL GAMING
      4. GAME NETWORK ANALYSIS (GaNA): A METHODOLOGICAL AND PRACTICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. CASE STUDIES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 20: Instructional Design for the Technological Learning Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LAYING THE GROUND WORK
      4. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
      5. SUPPORT AND DIRECTION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 21: Multicultural Curricular Frameworks for Preservice Teachers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SLEETER AND GRANT’S ANALYSIS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
      4. BANKS’ APPROACHES TO MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
      5. BAPTISTE AND KEY’S TYPOLOGY FOR MULTICULTURAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CURRICULUM
      6. LEE AND FRADD’S FRAMEWORK FOR INSTRUCTIONAL CONGRUENCE IN LITERACY AND SCIENCE
      7. JENKS, LEE, AND KANPOL’S FRAMEWORKS FOR MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
      8. “PREPARING CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE TEACHERS” FRAMEWORK OF VILLEGAS AND LUCAS
      9. COCHRAN-SMITH’S MULTIPLE MEANINGS OF MULTICULTURAL TEACHER EDUCATION: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      10. SLEETER’S FRAMEWORK FOR MULTICULTURAL CURRICULUM DESIGN
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 22: Perceptions of Teacher Education Candidates to Digital and Learning Technologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NATIONAL, STATE AND PROFESSIONAL TRENDS
      4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: SELF-EFFICACY THEORY
      5. PARTICIPANTS
      6. RESEARCH DESIGN
      7. FINDINGS
      8. DISCUSSIONS
      9. IMPLICATIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX
    10. Chapter 23: Preparing Teacher Candidates for Diverse School Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. AUTHENTIC CULTURALLY AND ENGAGING SERVICE-LEARNING: CALL FOR A PARADIGM SHIFT OF TEACHER PREPARATION PROGRAMS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 24: Redesigning Teacher Education in the Context of Multiple Reform Initiatives
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
      4. BACKGROUND ON RE-DESIGN EFFORTS
      5. CHALLENGES IN PURSUIT OF COHERENCE
      6. MEANINGFUL INTEGRATION OF INSTITUTIONAL COMMITMENTS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTE
    12. Chapter 25: Redesigning Teacher Education Programs to Meet the Needs of Today's Second Career Pre-Service Teachers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE PRESENT STUDY
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. FRAMEWORK FOR SECOND CAREER TEACHERS IDENTITY
      8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      9. SIGNIFICANCE
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 26: Supporting the Enactment of Standards-based Mathematics Pedagogies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OVERVIEW
      3. EXAMPLES OF LEARNER-CENTERED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS
      4. IMPLICATIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
    14. Chapter 27: Systematic Support for STEM Pre-Service Teachers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE AUTHENTIC AND SUSTAINABLE FOUR-PILLAR STEM PD MODEL
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    15. Chapter 28: Taking Making Into the Schools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TINKERING WITH TAKING MAKING INTO THE CLASSROOM
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. FINDINGS
      7. IMPLICATIONS AND DISCUSSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. Section 3: Tools and Technologies
    1. Chapter 29: An Investigation of a Computer Training Company's Migration to a New Distance Learning Platform and the Implementation of an Online Professional Development Program
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
      4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
      6. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
      7. METHODOLOGY
      8. RESULTS
      9. IMPLICATIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 30: Can Technologies Advance the Integration of Restorative Pedagogy into Teacher Education Curricula?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATIONAL ECOLOGY AND THE PRINCIPALS OF RESTORATIVE JUSTICE
      4. THE CALL FOR RESTORATIVE APPROACHES IN TEACHER EDUCATION
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 31: Data and Dialogue
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. METHOD
      5. FINDINGS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 32: Do Your Classes Click?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE RESEARCH STUDY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 33: Integrating Technology in Nurse Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DIFFERENCES IN TODAY’S TECHNOLOGIES
      4. CONCLUDING REMARKS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 34: Introducing iPads into Primary Mathematics Classrooms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
      6. EXAMPLES OF CREATIVE iPAD USE
      7. SUGGESTIONS FOR DESIGNING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING SECTION
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 35: Leadership and Management in Instructional Technology in Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TEACHER EDUCATION
      4. LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT IN INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHER EDUCATION
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTE
    8. Chapter 36: Pre-Service Teachers and Technology Integration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EXPLORING THE ISSUES
      5. RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 37: Technology and Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READINGS
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 38: Technology's Role in Supporting Elementary Preservice Teachers as They Teach
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. A TECHNOLOGY SUPPORTED FIELD-BASED PRE-SERVICE TEACHER MODEL
      5. INTEGRATED COMPONENTS OF THE TEACHER EDUCATION MODEL ENHANCED BY TECHNOLOGY
      6. PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    11. Chapter 39: The Transference between Elementary Preservice Teachers' Courses and Technology Use in Teaching
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE CONTEXT
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
      8. IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHER EDUCATION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      14. APPENDIX
    12. Chapter 40: Using edTPA Data to Improve Programs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EdTPA DATA USE MODEL
      4. MULTIPLE MEASURES WITH edTPA DATA USE
      5. INQUIRY WITH edTPA DATA USE
      6. RESEARCH AND DESIGN WITH edTPA DATA USE
      7. SIGNIFICANCE FOR TEACHER EDUCATION
      8. REFERENCES
  9. Section 4: Utilization and Application
    1. Chapter 41: A Reconstruction of Rural Teachers' Technology Integration Experiences
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SYSTEMATIZATION OF EXPERIENCE AS AN INQUIRY APPROACH
      4. CONTEXT-RESPONSIVE PRACTICES IN INTEGRATING ICT IN RURAL SCHOOLS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 42: Building Collaborative Virtual Communities in a University Department of Early Childhood Education for Wikipedia Article Authoring
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WIKIS IN TEACHER EDUCATION: INTRODUCTORY ASPECTS
      4. CATEGORIZATION OF APPROACHES INTEGRATING WIKIS IN TEACHER EDUCATION
      5. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS REGARDING THE SURVEYED APPROACHES
      6. THE APPROACH APPLIED TO THE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 43: Cross-Border Collaborative Learning in the Professional Development of Teachers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CASE STUDY: AN ONLINE TEACHER TRAINING COURSE
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 44: Developing Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Elementary Education Programs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: TECHNOLOGICAL PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (TPACK)
      4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. COURSE REDESIGN CASES
      7. CROSS COURSE ANALYSIS RESPONSE TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS
      8. IMPLICATIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY WORDS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX
    5. Chapter 45: Expanding Opportunities in Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 46: Integrating Technological Innovations to Enhance the Teaching-Learning Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. AN INTRODUCTION TO VIRTUAL REALITY
      3. EDUCATORS USE OF VIRTUAL REALITY
      4. VIRTUALY REALITY: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 47: Learning to Teach the Media
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS EXPLAIN MEDIA LITERACY EDUCATION
      6. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 48: Listening and Learning through ICT with Digital Kids
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. SETTING THE STAGE
      4. CASE DESCRIPTION
      5. KEY FINDINGS
      6. CURRENT CHALLENGES
      7. IMPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      10. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 49: Offline Peer Dialogue in Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Activities for L2 Teacher Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHOD
      4. RESULTS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. CONCLUSION, LIMITATIONS, AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      11. APPENDIX A: SAMPLE WIKI PAGE FOR A GROUP IN THE SECOND ONLINE PROJECT
      12. APPENDIX B: TRANSCRIPTION CONVENTIONS
    10. Chapter 50: Supporting Teacher Education Candidates through the edTPA Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION to edTPA
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DESCRIPTION OF TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS
      5. EdTPA FORMATIVE SUPPORTS
      6. UNIVERSITY SUPERVISOR SUPPORT AND COOPERATING TEACHER SUPPORT
      7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS/NEXT STEPS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 51: TAP (Teacher Learning and Application to Pedagogy) through Digital Video-Mediated Reflections
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. VIDEO-MEDIATED REFLECTION IN LITERACY TEACHER PREPARATION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 52: Teacher Insight on RTI Implementation at the Middle and High School Levels
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MIDDLE SCHOOL CASE STUDY
      4. HIGH SCHOOL CASE STUDY
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 53: Teachers' Professional Development in the Digitized World
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODOLOGY
      4. FINDINGS
      5. DISCUSSION
      6. REFERENCES
    14. Chapter 54: The Role of Early Learning Experience in Shaping Teacher Cognition and Technology Use
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EARLY LEARNING EXPERIENCE, TEACHER COGNITION, AND TECHNOLOGY USE
      5. CONTRIBUTIONS
      6. SCOPE FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTE
  10. Section 5: Organizational and Social Impacts
    1. Chapter 55: A Paradigm Shift for Teachers' Professional Development Structure in Turkey
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 56: Embracing Complexity and Innovation in an Era of Globalization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. METHODOLOGY
      4. FINDINGS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. IMPLICATIONS FOR MULTICULTURAL TEACHER PREPARATION
      7. IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH AND POLICY
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
    3. Chapter 57: IFRS for SMEs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONTEXTS AND HUMAN CAPITAL THEORY
      4. BRAZILIAN ACCOUNTING STANDARDS FOR SMEs AND THE RESPECTIVE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
      5. CONTINUING EDUCATION
      6. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCHES DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 58: Integrated Methods Block
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. APPENDIX A: IMB SCHOOL CONTRACT
      10. APPENDIX B: CANDIDATE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE (COMPLETED BY CLASSROOM TEACHER)
      11. APPENDIX C
    5. Chapter 59: iPad
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EDUCATOR PREPARATION, TECHNOLOGY, AND DIVERSITY; HOW DOES IT ALL UNFOLD
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 60: Joint Professional Development of Teacher Candidates and Mentoring Teachers in Using Project-Based Learning for 21st Century Learning Outcomes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTEXT OF SCHOOLS
      3. FEATURES OF PROJECT BASED LEARNING
      4. PBL COURSE DESIGN
      5. RECOMMENDATIONS FROM TEACHER CANDIDATES AND MENTORING TEACHERS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 61: Learning to Teach Online
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CULTURE AND CHANGE
      4. FROM FACE-TO-FACE TO ONLINE LEARNING
      5. THE PROCESS OF INVESTIGATION
      6. ISSUES OF PLATFORM, PEDAGOGY AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT: VOICES OF THE INSTRUCTORS
      7. DISCUSSION WITH IMPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. Chapter 62: Modeling Digital Work and Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH ON PRESERVICE TEACHERS KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, AND PEDAGOGICAL USES OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES
      5. RESEARCH FINDINGS
      6. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    9. Chapter 63: Primary Grades Teachers' Fidelity of Teaching Practices during Mathematics Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. EXPLORING PRIMARY GRADES TEACHERS’ FIDELITY OF FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT PRACTICES DURING MATHEMATICS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHOD
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 64: Responsive Practices in Online Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DISTANCE TEACHER EDUCATION IN ICELAND
      4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. DATA AND METHODS
      6. RESULTS
      7. EMERGING PRACTICE BETWEEN STUDENTS AND LECTURERS
      8. NEW AND OLD PRACTICES IN THE DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESS
      9. FUTURE DIRECTIONS: INTER-ORGANISATIONAL COLLABORATION
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
      13. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 65: Study Abroad and Service-Learning in a Catholic Social Teaching Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFERENCES
      4. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      5. APPENDIX A
      6. APPENDIX B
    12. Chapter 66: Teacher Effect Model for Impacting Student Achievement
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. BACKGROUND
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. Chapter 67: Virtual Activities to Promote Multiculturalism and Sustainability of International Partnerships
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. METHODS
      7. RESULTS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 6: Emerging Trends
    1. Chapter 68: Blended Learning in Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. DEFINITION OF BLENDED LEARNING
      3. THE FUTURE OF THE BLENDED MODEL
      4. BEST PRACTICES OF BLENDED LEARNING IN TEACHER EDUCATION
      5. PEDAGOGICAL VALUE OF BLENDED LEARNING
      6. FACTORS AFFECTING BLENDED-LEARNING COURSE DESIGNS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. EFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 69: Current Economic and Political Dispensation and Teacher Education Programs in Niger Delta Region
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. FINAL REMARKS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 70: Engaging Heads, Hands, and Hearts to Optimize Study Abroad Outcomes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CHALLENGES
      5. STRUCTURING OPPORTUNITIES WITH VISUAL FRAMEWORKS FOR UNDERSTANDING
      6. GUIDANCE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 71: Evolving Pedagogy and Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. RESEARCH METHODS
      5. FINDINGS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      13. APPENDIX
    5. Chapter 72: Exploring the Interstices of Literate, Linguistic, and Cultural Diversity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 73: Quality Management Practices in Lifelong Learning Programs at German Higher Education Institutions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX
    7. Chapter 74: Realising the Potential of MOOCs in Developing Capacity for Tertiary Education Managers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE eLAMP CASE
      4. PATHWAY FROM eLAMP TO FORMAL STUDY
      5. SPOOC PEDAGOGY IN THE CASE OF eLAMP
      6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 75: Teachers' Use of Social Networking Sites for Continuing Professional Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. TEACHERS’ USE OF SNS FOR CPD
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 76: The Adoption of Instructional Technologies in Teacher Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. BUILDING TEACHER EDUCATION AROUND COMMON INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN NIGERIA
      5. THE USE OF TELEPHONE HANDSETS AS ALTERNATE COMPUTERS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. Chapter 77: The Relationship between Transformational Leadership Characteristics and Multicultural Education Practices in Teacher Educators
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. RESULTS
      6. FINDINGS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE PRACTICE
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. Chapter 78: Traditional Teacher Evaluation Models
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PROBLEMS WITH CURRENT TEACHER EVALUATION
      4. FUTURE TRENDS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
      7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. Chapter 79: Using a Literacy-Based Classroom Partnership to Prepare Teacher Candidates for the edTPA
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS