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Take Control: The Mac OS X Lexicon

Book Description

This ebook explains a little bit of everything; in fact, it's The Mac OS X (and then some) Lexicon because it's never just you and your Mac. It's you and your Mac and the Web, and your email, and that article you just read that threw 17 new acronyms at you or assumed that you knew all sorts of networking terms. Or it's you and your Mac and Finder features you've never touched, such as burn folders, smart folders, or proxy icons, and that mysterious Services submenu. This book is a great guide for Macintosh users everywhere who have trouble keeping up with the latest jargon, for new and intermediate level Mac users, and for anyone who enjoys smart and witty technical writing. Questions answered in this book include:

  • What's the 501 folder for?

  • What's the deal with all the different CD and DVD disk formats?

  • Where can I find my Mac's MAC address?

  • What does "snapback" mean, and how can I find and use it?

  • How do I type the different kinds of dashes?

  • What's the difference between composite and component video cables?

  • What are cookies and breadcrumbs on a computer?

  • Why does a TextEdit file with images becomes a folder on a Windows machine?

Table of Contents

  1. Take Control: The Mac OS X Lexicon
    1. Read Me First
      1. What's New in This Version
      2. Basics
      3. Links and Navigation Controls
      4. Margin Icons
      5. Pronunciations
      6. Alphabetization
      7. He Said, She Said
    2. Introduction
    3. 1. Punctuation and Symbols
      1. .
      2. /
      3. \
      4. :
      5. - – — → Hyphen, En Dash, Em Dash
      6. ~
      7. " " → Curly Quotes
    4. 2. Numbers
      1. 10Base-T, 100base-t, 1000base-t → Ethernet
      2. 2-up, 4-up…
      3. 2x, 4x, 8x…
      4. 400K
      5. 404
      6. 501, 502…
      7. 64-bit Processing
      8. 720p, 1080i
      9. 802.11a/b/g/n
    5. 3. A
      1. AAC (advanced Audio Coding)
      2. AAT (apple Advanced Typography)
      3. Account
      4. Action Menu
      5. Activity Monitor
      6. ADC (apple Display Connector)
      7. Administrator, Administrative Account
      8. ADSL (asymmetric Dsl → Dsl
      9. .ai · Adobe Illustrator Document Extension
      10. AIFF (audio Interchange File Format)
      11. AIM (aol Instant Messenger)
      12. AirPort, Airport Base Station, Airport Extreme, Airport Express
      13. Alert
      14. Algorithm
      15. Alias
      16. Aliasing, Anti-aliasing
      17. Alphanumeric
      18. Anacronym
      19. Analog → Digital, Analog
      20. Anonymous FTP
      21. Anti-aliasing → Aliasing
      22. AOL (america Online)
      23. .app
      24. Apple Key
      25. Apple Menu
      26. Apple Partition Map
      27. Apple TV
      28. AppleCare
      29. AppleScript
      30. Applet
      31. AppleWorks
      32. Application
      33. Application Binding
      34. Aqua
      35. Archive
      36. Archive & Install
      37. Ascender
      38. ASCII (american Standard Code for Information Interchange)
      39. ASP (apple System Profiler) → System Profiler
      40. ATA, Sata (serial | Advanced Technology Attachment)
      41. Atom → RSS
      42. ATS (apple Type Services)
      43. Authenticate
      44. Automagically
      45. Automatic Font Activation
      46. Automator
      47. Avatar
      48. AVC (advanced Video Coding) → H.264
      49. AVI (audio Video Interleave)
    6. 4. B
      1. Back to My Mac, Btmm
      2. Backdrops → iChat
      3. Background
      4. Backup, Back Up
      5. .backupdb
      6. Bandwidth
      7. Base Font
      8. Base Station
      9. Baseline
      10. Bcc → Cc
      11. Benchmark
      12. Beta Test
      13. Bézier Curve
      14. Billion
      15. Binary Numbers
      16. Bit
      17. Bit Rate
      18. Bitmapped Font
      19. Bitmapped Graphic
      20. BitTorrent
      21. Blog, Blogger, Blogosphere
      22. Bluetooth
      23. Blu-ray
      24. .bmp
      25. Bonjour
      26. Bookmark
      27. Boolean
      28. Boot, Reboot
      29. Bootable Disk, Boot Disk, Startup Disk
      30. Boot Camp
      31. Bot
      32. Bounce
      33. Breadcrumbs
      34. Brick
      35. Brick-and-mortar
      36. Broadband
      37. Buffer
      38. Bug
      39. Burn
      40. Burn Folder
      41. Bus, Bus Speed
      42. Byte
    7. 5. C
      1. C
      2. Cable Modem
      3. Cache, Cache File
      4. Calibration
      5. Caps Lock
      6. Carbon
      7. CardBus → ExpressCard
      8. Cascading Style Sheets
      9. Cc, Bcc (carbon Copy, Blind Carbon Copy)
      10. CD (compact Disc)
      11. Certificate
      12. Character Palette
      13. Character Set → Text Encoding
      14. Chip
      15. CID (character Id)
      16. CJK, CJKV (chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese)
      17. Classic
      18. Client → Server
      19. Clipboard
      20. Clipping
      21. Clock Speed, Clock Rate
      22. Clone
      23. CMAP (character Map) → Cid
      24. CMYK (cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black)
      25. Cocoa
      26. Code
      27. Codec
      28. Collapse, Expand
      29. Collection
      30. Combo Drive
      31. Combo Updater, Delta Updater
      32. Command Key
      33. Component Video
      34. Composite Video
      35. Compress
      36. Compression
      37. Concatenation → String
      38. Contextual Menu
      39. Control Key
      40. Cookie
      41. Core Animation
      42. Core Duo, Core 2 Duo
      43. Cover Flow View
      44. CPU (central Processing Unit)
      45. Crash
      46. Creator Code
      47. Creeping Featuritis
      48. CRT (cathode Ray Tube)
      49. .css · Cascading Style Sheet Extension
      50. CSS → Cascading Style Sheets
      51. CSV (comma Separated Values) → Delimiter
      52. Ctrl → Control Key
      53. Curly Quotes
      54. Cursor
    8. 6. D
      1. Daemon
      2. Daisy Chain
      3. Dashboard
      4. Data Detector
      5. Data Fork
      6. Database
      7. Daughterboard → Logic Board
      8. Dead Key
      9. Debug
      10. Decompress
      11. Default
      12. Defrag, Defragment
      13. Degauss
      14. Delimiter
      15. Delta Update → Combo Updater
      16. Deprecate
      17. Descender
      18. Deselect All
      19. Desk Accessory
      20. Desktop
      21. Dfont, .dfont
      22. DHCP (dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
      23. Dialog
      24. Dial-up
      25. Differential Backup
      26. Digital, Analog
      27. Digital Certificate → Certificate
      28. Digital Divide
      29. Digital Watermark
      30. Digitize
      31. Dingbat
      32. Directory
      33. Disabled
      34. Disclosure Triangle
      35. Discretionary Hyphen → Optional Hyphen
      36. Discussion Group, Discussion Board
      37. Disk Image
      38. Disk Utility
      39. Disk vs. Disc
      40. Dismount
      41. Dither
      42. DivX
      43. DL (dual Layer) → Dvd
      44. .dmg · Disk Image File Extension
      45. DNS (domain Name System)
      46. .doc, .docx
      47. Dock
      48. Documentation
      49. Dogcow
      50. Domain, Domain Name → Dns
      51. Dongle
      52. .dot · Microsoft Word Template Document Extension
      53. Double Layer → Dvd
      54. Dpi (dots Per Inch)
      55. DRAM (dynamic Random Access Memory)
      56. Drawer
      57. Driver
      58. DRM (digital Rights Management)
      59. Drop Box
      60. Droplet → Automator
      61. DSL (digital Subscriber Line)
      62. Dual Core → Multi-core Processor
      63. Dual Layer → Dvd
      64. Dual Processor
      65. DVD (digital Versatile Disc)
      66. DVI (digital Visual Interface)
      67. Dvorak Keyboard
    9. 7. E
      1. Easter Egg
      2. Eject Button → Hot Swappable
      3. Em Dash
      4. Emoticon
      5. En Dash
      6. Enclosing Folder
      7. Encryption
      8. Endless Loop → Infinite Loop
      9. Episode → Podcast
      10. EPS (encapsulated Postscript)
      11. Ergonomic
      12. Esc Key
      13. Ethernet
      14. EULA (end User License Agreement)
      15. Exabyte
      16. Expand → Collapse
      17. ExpressCard
      18. Exposé
      19. Extension, Filename Extension
    10. 8. F
      1. Face → Typeface
      2. FairPlay
      3. Family
      4. Fan → Stack
      5. FAQ (frequently Asked Questions)
      6. Fast User Switching
      7. Favicon
      8. Favorites
      9. FFIL
      10. Field → Text Box
      11. File Extension → Extension
      12. File Sharing
      13. File Type, Filetype → Creator
      14. FileVault
      15. Finder
      16. Firefox
      17. Firewall
      18. FireWire
      19. Firmware
      20. First-line Indent
      21. F-key → Function Keys
      22. Flame
      23. Flash
      24. Flash Drive
      25. Flash Memory, Flash RAM → NVRAM
      26. Flog
      27. Floppy Disk
      28. Fn Key
      29. Folder Actions
      30. Font
      31. Font Book
      32. Font Collection → Collection
      33. Font Metrics
      34. Font Panel
      35. Font Smoothing → Anti-aliasing
      36. Force Quit
      37. Fork → Data Fork
      38. Format
      39. Forum → Discussion Group
      40. Forward Delete
      41. .fp7
      42. Fragmentation → Defragment
      43. Freeware → Shareware
      44. Freeze
      45. Front Row
      46. FTP (file Transfer Protocol)
      47. Function
      48. Function Keys
    11. 9. G
      1. G5, G4, G3 → PowerPC Macs
      2. GarageBand
      3. GB, Gb
      4. GHz → YOU ALWAYS HERTZ THE ONE YOU LOVE
      5. GID (glyph Id)
      6. GIF (graphics Interchange Format)
      7. Gigabit Ethernet → Ethernet
      8. Gigabyte, Gig
      9. Gigahertz → YOU ALWAYS HERTZ THE ONE YOU LOVE
      10. Glyph
      11. Googol, Googolplex
      12. Grab → Screenshot
      13. Graphics Card
      14. Graphics Tablet
      15. Grid
      16. Guest Account
      17. GUI (graphical User Interface)
      18. GUID (global Unique Id)
    12. 10. H
      1. H.264
      2. Halftone
      3. Handles
      4. Hang → Freeze
      5. Hard Hyphen → Non-breaking Hyphen
      6. Hard Link
      7. Hard Space
      8. HDMI (high-definition Multimedia Interface)
      9. HDTV (high-definition Tv)
      10. Help Tag
      11. Hertz → YOU ALWAYS HERTZ THE ONE YOU LOVE
      12. Hexadecimal Numbers
      13. HFS Plus (hierarchical File System)
      14. HFS Plus (hierarchical File System)
      15. Home Folder
      16. Home Page
      17. Hot Swappable
      18. .html, .htm
      19. HTML (hypertext Markup Language)
      20. HTTP (hypertext Transfer Protocol)
      21. Hub
      22. Hypertext
      23. Hyphen
      24. Hz → YOU ALWAYS HERTZ THE ONE YOU LOVE
    13. 11. I
      1. I.Link → FireWire
      2. I-beam
      3. iCal
      4. iChat
      5. Icon Preview
      6. iDisk
      7. IEEE 1394 → FireWire
      8. iLife
      9. IM (instant Message)
      10. IMAP (internet Message Access Protocol)
      11. iMovie
      12. Incremental Backup → Differential Backup
      13. .indd · Indesign Document Extension
      14. Index Sheet → Slideshow Command
      15. Index.html, Index.htm
      16. Infinite Loop → Endless Loop
      17. Info Window
      18. Input Menu
      19. Insertion Point → Cursor
      20. Inspector, Inspector Palette
      21. Installer
      22. Intel Core Duo → Core Duo
      23. Interlaced, Progressive
      24. Internet
      25. Intranet
      26. IP Address (internet Protocol)
      27. iPhoto
      28. iPod
      29. IRC (internet Relay Chat) → Bot
      30. iSight
      31. ISO-8859-1, ISO Latin-1
      32. ISP (internet Service Provider)
      33. iSync
      34. iTunes
      35. iTunes Store
      36. iWeb
      37. iWork
    14. 12. J
      1. Jabber
      2. Jaggies → Aliasing
      3. Java
      4. JavaScript
      5. Journaled
      6. JPEG (joint Photographic Experts Group)
      7. .jpg · JPEG File Extension
    15. 13. K
      1. K, Kb, Kb
      2. Kbps (kilobits Per Second)
      3. Kernel, Kernel Panic
      4. Kerning and Tracking
      5. .key · Keynote Documentextension
      6. Key Repeat Rate
      7. Keyboard Layout
      8. Keyboard Shortcut
      9. Keyboard Viewer
      10. Keychain
      11. Keynote → iWork
      12. Kilobyte, Kilobit
      13. Kiosk Mode
    16. 14. L
      1. LAN (local Area Network)
      2. Landscape
      3. Latin-1 → ISO Latin-1
      4. Launch
      5. Leading → Baseline
      6. Leopard → THE CAT'S MEOW
      7. Library
      8. Library Folders
      9. Ligature
      10. Line Break
      11. Linux
      12. LISTSERV → Mailing List
      13. Local Folder
      14. Log In, Log Out
      15. Logic Board
      16. Login Item
      17. Lossless, Lossy
      18. Lpi (lines Per Inch)
      19. LWFN
      20. LZW
    17. 15. M
      1. Mac
      2. MAC (media Access Control)
      3. .Mac
      4. Macro
      5. MacRoman, Mac OS Roman
      6. MagSafe
      7. Mail
      8. Mailing List
      9. Malware
      10. Markup Language
      11. MB, Mb
      12. Mbps (megabits Per Second)
      13. Media
      14. Megabyte, Meg
      15. Megahertz → YOU ALWAYS HERTZ THE ONE YOU LOVE
      16. Megapixel → Pixel
      17. Memory → RAM
      18. Menu Symbols → KEY SYMBOLS IN MENUS
      19. Meta Tag
      20. Metadata
      21. MFS → HFS Plus
      22. MHz → YOU ALWAYS HERTZ THE ONE YOU LOVE
      23. MIDI (musical Instrument Digital Interface)
      24. Mighty Mouse
      25. Migration Assistant
      26. MIME (multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
      27. Mirror Site
      28. Modem
      29. Modifier Key
      30. Monofont, Monospaced Font
      31. Motherboard → Logic Board
      32. .mov · QuickTime Movie Extension
      33. MP3, .mp3
      34. MPEG-4 (motion Picture Experts Group [standard] 4)
      35. .mpkg → .pkg
      36. MTBF (mean Time Between Failures)
      37. MUG (macintosh User Group)
      38. Multi-core Processor
      39. Multiple Master
      40. Multitasking
    18. 16. N
      1. Nano
      2. Narrowband → Bandwidth
      3. NetBoot
      4. Netiquette
      5. Netizen
      6. Netroots
      7. Network
      8. Newbie
      9. Non-breaking Hyphen
      10. Non-breaking Space → Hard Space
      11. NTSC (national Television Standards Committee)
      12. NVRAM (non-volatile Random Access Memory)
    19. 17. O
      1. OCR (optical Character Recognition)
      2. OEM (original Equipment Manufacturer)
      3. Ogg Vorbis, .ogg
      4. Old Style Numbers, Old Style Figures
      5. Open Source
      6. OpenType
      7. Operating System → OS
      8. Optical Drive
      9. Optimization
      10. Option Key
      11. Optional Hyphen
      12. OS (operating System)
      13. OS X
      14. Otf · OpenType Fontextension
      15. Outline Font
      16. Owner, Ownership & Permissions → Permissions
    20. 18. P
      1. P2P (peer to Peer)
      2. Package
      3. Packet
      4. .pages · Pages Document Extension
      5. Pages → iWork
      6. PAL (phase Alternating Line)
      7. Palette
      8. Panic → Kernel Panic
      9. Panther → THE CAT'S MEOW
      10. Pantone
      11. Parallels → Boot Camp
      12. Parent Folder → Enclosing Folder
      13. Parental Controls
      14. Partition
      15. Partition Map Scheme
      16. Pasteboard
      17. Path Bar
      18. Path Menu
      19. Pathname, Path
      20. PCMCIA
      21. PDF (portable Document Format), .pdf
      22. Peripheral
      23. Permissions
      24. Petabyte
      25. Phishing, Pharming
      26. Photo Booth
      27. Pica
      28. PiFont
      29. Ping
      30. Pixel
      31. .pkg, .mpkg
      32. Plist
      33. Plug-in, Plugin
      34. PMS (pantone Matching System) → Pantone
      35. PMU, SMU (power Management Unit, System Management Unit)
      36. PNG (portable Network Graphics), .png
      37. Podcast
      38. Point
      39. Pointer → Cursor
      40. POP (post Office Protocol) or (point of Presence)
      41. Port
      42. Portrait
      43. PostScript Language
      44. PostScript Type 1
      45. Power Button
      46. PowerPC Macs
      47. Ppi (pixels Per Inch)
      48. .ppt · Powerpoint Document Extension
      49. PRAM (parameter Ram)
      50. Preference
      51. Preference Pane
      52. Preview
      53. Printer Font → Outline Font
      54. Printer Setup Utility
      55. Privileges
      56. Process Color
      57. Processes
      58. Processor Speed → Clock Speed
      59. Program
      60. Proportional Font
      61. Protocol
      62. Proxy Icon
      63. Proxy Server
      64. .psd · Photoshop Document Extension
      65. Public Folder
      66. Public-key Encryption
      67. Puma → THE CAT'S MEOW
    21. 19. Q
      1. Quad Core → Multi-core Processor
      2. Quarter
      3. Quartz, Quartz Extreme
      4. Quick Look
      5. QuickTime
      6. QuickTime Player, QuickTime Pro
      7. Quincunx → Command Key
      8. Quits Unexpectedly → Unexpectedly Quits
      9. QWERTY
      10. .qxd · Quarkxpress Document Extension
    22. 20. R
      1. RAM (random Access Memory)
      2. .ram · Realplayer File Extension
      3. Raster Graphic → Bitmapped Graphic
      4. Rasterize
      5. RCA Connector
      6. Read-only
      7. RealPlayer
      8. Reboot → Boot
      9. Receipt → Repair Permissions
      10. Recent Items
      11. Refurbished
      12. Repair Permissions
      13. Repertoire
      14. Resetting NVRAM
      15. Resetting PRAM → Zapping PRAM
      16. Resolution
      17. Resource Fork → Data Fork
      18. Restart
      19. RGB (red, Green, Blue)
      20. Rich Text → RTF
      21. Rip
      22. ROM (read Only Memory)
      23. Roman
      24. Root, Root User
      25. Root Level, Root Directory
      26. Rosetta
      27. Router, Wireless Router
      28. RSS (really Simple Syndication)
      29. RTF (rich Text Format)
      30. RTFD (rich Text Format Directory), .rtfd
      31. RTFM
      32. RTL (right-to-left)
    23. 21. S
      1. Sad Mac
      2. Safe Boot → Safe Mode
      3. Safe Login
      4. Safe Mode, Safe Boot
      5. Sans Serif → Serif
      6. SATA → Ata
      7. .scpt, .scptd → AppleScript File Extensions
      8. Screen Saver
      9. Screen Sharing
      10. Screenshot, Screen Capture
      11. Script Editor
      12. Script, Scripting
      13. Scriptable
      14. Scroller
      15. SCSI (small Computer System Interface)
      16. SDRAM → Dram
      17. .sea
      18. Search Engine
      19. Search for
      20. SECAM (système Electronique Pour Couleur Avec Mémoire)
      21. Secondary Click, Secondary Button
      22. Semiconductor
      23. Serif, Sans Serif
      24. Server
      25. Services Submenu
      26. Shared Folder
      27. Shareware
      28. Sharing & Permissions → Permissions
      29. Sheet
      30. Sherlock
      31. Shift Key
      32. Short Name
      33. Shortcut → Keyboard Shortcut
      34. Sidebar
      35. Simple Finder
      36. .sit, .sitx → StuffIt
      37. Skin
      38. Skype
      39. SLA (software License Agreement) → EULA
      40. Slideshow Command
      41. Slot-loading Drive
      42. Slow Keys
      43. Small Caps
      44. Smart Folder
      45. Smart Quotes
      46. Smiley → Emoticon
      47. SMS (short Message Service)
      48. SMTP (simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
      49. SMU → PMU
      50. SnapBack
      51. Soft Hyphen → Optional Hyphen
      52. Soft Return → Line Break
      53. Software Update
      54. Source Code
      55. Spaces
      56. Spam
      57. Spider → Bot
      58. Spot Color → Process Color
      59. Spotlight
      60. Spring-loaded Folders
      61. SRAM (static Random Access Memory)
      62. Stack
      63. Startup Disk → Boot Disk
      64. Startup Item → Login Item
      65. Static IP Address → Dhcp
      66. Stationery
      67. Sticky Keys
      68. Storage Card
      69. Straight Quotes → Curly Quotes
      70. Streaming
      71. Strikethrough
      72. String, Text String
      73. StuffIt
      74. Style
      75. Subscribe, Subscription
      76. Suitcase
      77. SuperDrive
      78. S-Video
      79. Symbols in Menus → KEY SYMBOLS IN MENUS
      80. Sync, Syncing
      81. System Fonts
      82. System Preferences
      83. System Profiler
    24. 22. T
      1. Tab
      2. .tab · Tab-separated Text File Extension → Delimiter
      3. Tags, Tagged Text
      4. Target Disk Mode
      5. TCP/IP (transmission Control Protocol/internet Protocol)
      6. Terabyte
      7. Terminal
      8. Text Box, Text Field
      9. Text Encoding
      10. Text File, Plain Text File
      11. Text Smoothing → Anti-aliasing
      12. TextEdit
      13. Theme → Skin
      14. Third-party
      15. Thumb Drive → Flash Drive
      16. Thumbnail
      17. .tif · TIFF File Extension
      18. TIFF (tagged Image File Format)
      19. Tiger → THE CAT'S MEOW
      20. Time Machine
      21. To Do
      22. Tool Palette → Palette
      23. Toolbar
      24. Trash
      25. Trojan Horse
      26. TrueType
      27. TSV → Delimiter
      28. .ttc
      29. .ttf
      30. .txt · Text File Extension
      31. Type 1 → PostScript Type 1
      32. Typeface
    25. 23. U
      1. U+
      2. UID (user Id) → 501
      3. UFS (unix File System)
      4. Unexpectedly Quits
      5. Unicode
      6. Unicode Font
      7. Uninstall
      8. Unix
      9. Unmount
      10. Unzip
      11. Update → Software Update or Combo/delta Updater
      12. URL (uniform Resource Locator)
      13. USB (universal Serial Bus)
      14. UTF-8 (ucs Transformation Format, 8-bit)
      15. UWB (ultrawideband)
    26. 24. V
      1. Vector Graphic
      2. VGA (video Graphics Array)
      3. Virtual Desktops
      4. Virtual Memory
      5. Virus
      6. Vodcast
      7. VoiceOver
      8. VoIP (voice Over Ip)
      9. Volume
    27. 25. W
      1. WAN (wide Area Network)
      2. Watermark → Digital Watermark
      3. WAV (waveform Audio Format), .wav
      4. Web 2.0
      5. Web Clip
      6. Web Crawler → Bot
      7. Webmail
      8. WebDAV (web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning)
      9. Web-safe Colors
      10. Widgets
      11. Wi-Fi
      12. Wiki
      13. WMV (windows Media Video), .wmv
      14. Workflow → Automator
      15. Worm
      16. Write
      17. Write-only
      18. WWW (world Wide Web)
      19. WYSIWYG (what You See is What You Get)
    28. 26. X
      1. Xeon
      2. Xerox PARC (palo Alto Research Center)
      3. X-height
      4. XHTML (extensible Hypertext Markup Language)
      5. .xls · Microsoft Excel Document Extension
      6. XML (extensible Markup Language)
    29. 27. Y
      1. Y2K
      2. YMMV, Your Mileage May Vary
      3. Yottabyte
      4. YouTube
    30. 28. Z
      1. Zapping PRAM
      2. Zettabyte
      3. Zip, .zip
      4. Zune
    31. About This Book
      1. About the Authors
      2. Shameless Plug
      3. Thank You To…
      4. About the Publisher
      5. Production Credits