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Swarm Intelligence and Bio-Inspired Computation by Mehmet Karamanoglu, Amir Hossein Gandomi, Renbin Xiao, Zhihua Cui, Xin-She Yang

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3

Lévy Flights and Global Optimization

Momin Jamil1, 2 and Hans-Jürgen Zepernick1,    1Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden, 2Harman International, Harman/Becker Automotive Systems GmbH, Karlsbad, Germany

3.1 Introduction

Optimization concepts and tools are frequently applied to modern complex engineering, scientific, economic, and quantitative decision problems. The goal in these problems is to find the “best” solution or decision that corresponds to either minimum or maximum of an objective function with or without any constraints. The role of the objective function is to clearly define the problem at hand mathematically and to express the relationship between different parameters of the problem. In case of constrained optimization ...

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