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Sustainable Practices

Book Description

Recent concerns over global warming and environmental protection have, over time, led to policies and practices designed to ensure healthy ecosystems. In order to thrive in this environment of caution and care, individuals must pay close attention to the impact of their actions on their surroundings. Sustainable Practices: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications explores some of the most recent developments in sustainability, delving into topics beyond environmental science to cover issues of sustainable economic, political, and social development. Researchers, academicians, and policy makers will use this multi-volume reference to better make use of the resources at their disposal in order to preserve quality of life for future generations.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editor-in-Chief
    2. Associate Editors
    3. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
  6. Section 1: Fundamental Concepts and Theories
    1. Chapter 1: Environmental Rationality
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUSTAINABILITY, RATIONALITY AND THE SELF-REFLECTION OF MODERNITY
      4. INNOVATION FOR DEMATERIALIZATION
      5. SUSTAINABILITY AND INNOVATION: ENVIRONMENTAL RATIONALITY AND REVOLUTION OF KNOWLEDGE
      6. REENCOUNTERING NATURE AND CULTURE: THE ENVIRONMENTAL EPISTEMOLOGICAL CHALLENGE
      7. BUILDING ENVIRONMENTAL RATIONALITY FOR SUSTAINABILITY: CREATIVITY IN THINKING, INNOVATIVE KNOWLEDGE AND SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION AND BRIEF CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Forestry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY IN THE DANUBE RIVER BASIN, SERBIA
      5. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION POLICY
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 3: A Paradigm Shift towards Urban Resilience
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DISCUSSION
      5. URBAN DESIGN STRATEGIES AND STAKEHOLDERS TOWARDS URBAN RESILIENCE
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 4: Emissions Trading Schemes in the Transportation Sector
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EU-ETS IN TRANSPORTATION SUB-SECTORS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Purchasing Green Transport and Logistics Services
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. BUYER IMPLICATIONS BASED ON THE 3PL CASE STUDY
      6. IMPLICATIONS FOR BUYING TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS SERVICES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 6: The Ecological Industrialism Bet
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ECO-AWARENESS RULES
      4. LIFECYCLE ECO-COMPLIANCE
      5. NET-CONCERNS AND EXTENDED ENTERPRISES
      6. GLOBAL VILLAGE REGULATION
      7. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 7: GreenPM®
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SUPPORTING ISO 14000 STANDARDS THROUGH PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESSES
      5. A CLOSER LOOK: APPLYING GREENTHINK TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESSES
      6. TAKING GREENPM TO THE NEXT LEVEL: PROJECT MANAGEMENT OFFICES AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. Chapter 8: Resource Conservation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SPATIAL INSTRUMENTS USEFUL IN THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
      5. SUCCESSFUL FORMS OF RESOURCES CONSERVATION AT REGIONAL AND LOCAL LEVEL
      6. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 9: Approaches for Measuring Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. IMPORTANCE OF SUSTAINABILITY
      4. OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABILITY MODELS
      5. BASIC MODELS OF SUSTAINABILITY
      6. BAROMETERS OF SUSTAINABILITY
      7. COMPARISON AND DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 10: Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations for Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABILITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      4. SUSTAINBILITY THEORY AND CONCEPTS
      5. SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS APPLIED TO THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT
      6. INNOVATION AND SUSTAINABILITY
      7. MENTAL MODELS AND DIFFUSION AND ADOPTION OF INNOVATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION AND CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 11: Integrating Project Strategy for Sustainable Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PROJECT SD INTEGRATION CHALLENGE
      4. COMPLEXITY OF CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY
      5. PROJECTS AND SD: STRUGGLE FOR COMPATIBILITY
      6. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR INTEGRATING PROJECT STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 12: EU—GCC Clean Energy Cooperation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. EU-GCC ENERGY COOPERATION
      4. 3. IDENTIFICATION OF THE APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES
      5. 4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 13: Multi-Criteria Decision Aid for Sustainable Energy Prioritization Using Fuzzy Axiomatic Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. EVALUATION CRITERIA
      5. 4. METHODOLOGY
      6. 5. AN ILLUSTRATIVE CASE STUDY
      7. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 14: Cooling and Heating with Ground Source Energy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HEAT PUMPS
      4. TERMINOLOGY
      5. VARIETIES OF HEAT PUMPS
      6. TYPES OF GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
      7. WATER DISCHARGE QUALITY
      8. SELECTING A GSHP
      9. SELECTION AND PRE-INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS
      10. HEAT PUMP ACCESSORIES AND CONTROLS
      11. GEOTHERMAL HEATING SYSTEMS
      12. THERMAL STORAGE
      13. APPLICATIONS FOR EARTH ENERGY
      14. HEATING AND COOLING
      15. RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING
      16. HEAT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
      17. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 15: Towards Energy Sustainability in Federated and Interoperable Clouds
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND AND RELATED WORKS
      4. 3. CLOUD FEDERATION AND ENERGY SUSTAINABILITY
      5. 4. POWER CONSUMPTION CONSIDERATIONS OF A DATACENTER
      6. 5. COOLING CONSIDERATIONS
      7. 6. CONSIDERATIONS ON A DATACENTER PARTIALLY POWERED BY SUSTAINABLE ENERGY: THE PHOTOVOLTAIC CASE STUDY
      8. 7. MOVING THE COMPUTATION BETWEEN FEDERATED CLOUD: THE VIRTUAL MACHINE MIGRATION CASE STUDY
      9. 8. SUMMARY
  7. Section 2: Tools and Technologies
    1. Chapter 16: Productive Use of Renewable Energy (PURE) for Economic Development in Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. BENEFITS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
      5. MEGA PROJECTS IN AFRICA
      6. CONSUMER GENERATED ENERGY (CoGE) FRAMEWORK
      7. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 17: Control and Conversion of Solar Power
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SWITCH-MODE POWER SUPPLIES
      5. BUCK CONVERTERS
      6. BOOST CONVERTERS
      7. STATE-SPACE AVERAGED MODEL FOR THE SWITCH MODE POWER SUPPLIES
      8. STATE-SPACE AVERAGED MODEL FOR A BUCK CONVERTER
      9. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      10. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      11. DEVELOPMENT OF A SOLAR BATTERY CHARGER
      12. SOLAR PANEL
      13. RECHARGEABLE BATTERY
      14. SEPIC CONVERTER
      15. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      16. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      17. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 18: A Comparative Study on a Built Sun Tracker and Fixed Converter Panels
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RESULTS
      4. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 19: Solar Photovoltaic Servo Tracking Controlled System
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OBJECTIVES
      3. INTRODUCTION
      4. MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF ELECTRO-MECHANICAL OF A DC MOTOR
      5. DESIGN OF A PD CONTROLLER
      6. LAG COMPENSATOR DESIGN
      7. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 20: Polymer Solar Cells
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BASIC CONCEPTS IN POLYMER SOLAR CELLS
      4. TECHNOLOGIES FOR HYBRID SOLAR CELLS FABRICATION
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND PERSPECTIVES
      6. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 21: Green, Sustainable, or Clean
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CLEAN/GREEN TECHNOLOGIES
      5. KEY ASPECTS OF GREEN IT/IS
      6. HOW TO TRANSFORM GREEN IT/IS TO SUSTAINABLE IT/IS: INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 22: Issues and Technologies of Effective Energy Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ENERGY INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
      4. ISSUES AND PROBLEMS
      5. ORGANIZATIONAL IMPACTS
      6. SUGGESTIONS
      7. FUTURE IMPLICATIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 23: Energy Optimization of Power Station for a Small Research Institute
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RENEWABLE ENERGY
      4. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 24: A Location-Based Power Conservation Scheme for MANETs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. THE LBPC SCHEME
      6. SIMULATION RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE WORK
    10. Chapter 25: Data-Stream-Driven Computers are Power and Energy Efficient
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. RELATED WORK
      4. WHY LOW POWER AND ENERGY DESIGN?
      5. POWER DISSIPATION SOURCE IN CMOS CIRCUITS
      6. TRADITIONAL LOW POWER DESIGN TECHNIQUES WITH THE AID OF HW
      7. TRADITIONAL LOW POWER DESIGN TECHNIQUES WITH THE AID OF SW
      8. MATRIX MULTIPLICATION AND POWER CONSUMPTION
      9. THREE DESIGNS FOR MATRIX MULTIPLICATION
      10. POWER AND ENERGY WHEN REPLACING NIOS II/E WITH HW
      11. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 26: Energy-Efficient Optical Interconnects in Cloud Computing Infrastructures
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE DATA CENTER REQUIREMENTS
      4. OPTICAL INTERCONNECTION NETWORKS
      5. OPTICAL OFDM-BASED DATA CENTER NETWORKS
      6. FUTURE TRENDS AND RESEARCH DIRECTION IN OPTICAL INTERCONNECTS
      7. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 27: Display Energy Management based on Eye Tracking
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. RELATED RESEARCH
      4. 3. THE PROPOSED DISPLAY ENERGY MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY
      5. 4. IMPLEMENTATION
      6. 5. EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION
      7. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 28: Green Communications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE NEED FOR GREEN COMMUNICATIONS
      4. ENVISIONING GREEN COMMUNICATIONS AND QUANTIFYING ITS IMPACT
      5. SURVEY OF POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS
      6. DESIGN APPROACHES AND CHALLENGES IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED COMPUTING AND RADIO NETWORKS
      7. WIRELESS DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING: LEVERAGING THE BENEFITS OF COLLABORATION
      8. RESOURCE ALLOCATION FOR GREEN COMPUTING
      9. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 29: Earth Building Materials, Production, and Construction Techniques
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. CASE STUDY: METHODS OF BUILDING WITH EARTH
      4. CHARACTERISTICS OF RAMMED EARTH BUILDINGS
      5. HISTORY OF RAMMED EARTH CONSTRUCTION
      6. TYPES OF STABILIZATION
      7. TYPES OF EARTH BUILDINGS
      8. RESURGENCE OF EARTH BUILDING
      9. DURABILITY OF EARTH WALL BUILDINGS
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. RECOMMENDATIONS
    15. Chapter 30: 3D Digital City Platforms as Collaborative and Decision-Making Tools for Small Municipalities and Rural Areas
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. 3D DIGITAL CITY INITIATIVES FOR SMALL MUNICIPALITIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    16. Chapter 31: Web-Based Digital Habitat Ecosystems for Sustainable Built Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUSTAINABLE LIVING
      4. DIGITAL ECOSYSTEM (DE) CONCEPT
      5. DIGITAL HABITAT ECOSYSTEM (DHE) CONCEPT
      6. TECHNOLOGIES IN DIGITAL ECOSYSTEMS
      7. EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES IN BUILT ENVIRONMENTS
      8. CONCLUSION
    17. Chapter 32: ICT Based Pest Management System for Sustainable Pulse Production
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. E-NATIONAL PEST REPORTING AND ALERT SYSTEM FOR PULSES: THE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM (www.ncipm.org.in/A3P/UI/HOME/Login.aspx)
      4. DISCUSSION
      5. CONCLUSION
    18. Chapter 33: Real-Time Visual Simulation of Urban Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DUNDEE CITY WATERFRONT
      4. S-CITY VT: A PROTOTYPE VISUALISATION AND SIMULATION TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE DECISION MAKING
      5. VISUALISATION
      6. S-CITY VT PILOT EVALUATION - TESTING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNICATING THE SUSTAINABILITY
      7. CONCLUSION
  8. Section 3: Utilization and Application
    1. Chapter 34: Urban Environmental Applications of GIScience
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW ON URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF GIS
      4. GISCIENCE TECHNIQUES FOR LIVEABLE URBAN ENVIRONMENTS
      5. CONCLUSION: FUTURE TRENDS AND CHALLENGES
    2. Chapter 35: Natural Resources Conservation in the Influence Areas of Cities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 36: Energy-Aware Intelligence in Smart Spaces
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE OVERVIEW OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 37: Power Consumption Aware Cluster Resource Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EVALUATION OF ENERGY SAVING MODES
      5. DESIGN OF THE DAEMON
      6. THE CHERUB IMPLEMENTATION
      7. THE TORQUE/MAUI-ADAPTER
      8. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
      9. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
    5. Chapter 38: Use of Policy Instruments to Promote Sustainable Energy Practices and Implications for the Environment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SECTOR WIDE PRACTICES
      4. DISCUSSION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 39: Renewable Energy Scenario of Pakistan for Sustainable Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 40: Finding the Sweet Spot of Sustainability in the Energy Sector
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE OIL SANDS RESOURCE AND GLOBAL ENERGY SUPPLY
      4. STAKEHOLDER MANAGEMENT IN THE CANADIAN OIL SANDS
      5. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 41: Using Sensor-Based Measurement Technology to Reduce the Environmental Impact of Perishable Goods
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. FOUNDATIONS FOR MEASURING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FOOD LOSSES
      5. THE VALUE OF SENSOR-BASED DECISION MAKING
      6. SMART REMOVAL AND SORTING DECISIONS BASED ON SENSOR DATA
      7. CHALLENGES AND TRENDS
      8. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 42: Sustainability and the UK’s Major Food Retailers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUSTAINABILITY
      4. BRITISH/UK FOOD RETAILING
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. STRATEGIC CORPORATE COMMITMENTS TO SUSTAINABILITY
      7. SUSTAINABILITY MARKETING MESSAGES WITHIN STORES
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. PRACTITIONER RECOMMENDATIONS AND RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 43: Organic Production in Serbia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATISTICAL DATA ON AGRICULTURE OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA AND THE POTENTIAL FOR INTRODUCTION OF ORGANIC FARMING
      4. STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS AND BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF GREEN ECONOMY IN SERBIA
      5. EXISTING REGULATIONS IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND THE GREEN ECONOMY AND ORGANIC FARMING IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
      6. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA FOR THE PERIOD 2012-2017
      7. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 44: Environmental Sustainability Initiatives in the Agrifood Supply Chain
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
      4. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
      5. METHODOLOGY
      6. ANALYSIS
      7. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 45: Hydrology and Integrated Water Resource Management for Sustainable Watershed Management in Kenya
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    13. Chapter 46: Application of Quantitative Methods in Natural Resource Management in Africa
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
      4. 3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      5. 4. CHALLENGES TO EMPIRICAL APPLICATIONS
      6. 5. IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. 6. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 47: Towards Sustainable Mining
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. CASE: TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE MINING PROGRAM PROTOCOLS AND PROGRESS
      4. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 48: Sustainable Waste Management System and Reverse Logistic Network Design in Plastic Industry
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT
      4. 3. REVERSE AND GREEN LOGISTICS
      5. 4. FUZZY GOAL PROGRAMMING (FGP)
      6. 5. PLASTIC RECYCLING INDUSTRY
      7. 6. REVERSE AND GREEN LOGISTICS NETWORK DESIGN MODEL FOR PLASTIC RECYCLING INDUSTRY UNDER FUZZY ENVIRONMENT
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
      9. APPENDIX 1: NOTATIONS USED IN MODEL FORMULATION
      10. APPENDIX 2: COMPONENTS OF TOTAL REVERSE LOGISTIC COST
    16. Chapter 49: Innovation for Sustainability in Aviation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. VISIONS AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTIONS OF THE AVIATION SECTOR
      5. PERSPECTIVES ON AVIATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    17. Chapter 50: Consideration of Sustainability in Projects and Project Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SUSTAINABILITY IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT MATURITY MODEL
      4. RESEARCH DESIGN
      5. FINDINGS
      6. ANALYSIS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. APPENDIX
  9. Section 4: Organizational and Social Implications
    1. Chapter 51: Project Manager as a Pivot Point for Implementing Sustainability in an Enterprise
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PROJECT MANAGER AS A PIVOT POINT FOR IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABILITY IN AN ENTERPRISE
      5. ENHANCING YOUR PROJECT WITH SUSTAINABILITY THINKING
      6. LEAN THINKING AND YOUR PROJECT
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS AND COSTS: THE TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 52: Sustainability in Supply Chain Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. 3. STAKEHOLDERS IN SUSTAINABLE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
      5. 4. SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT
      6. 5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH
    3. Chapter 53: How Positive Psychology can Support Sustainable Project Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
      3. PROJECTS, POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AND POSITIVE EMOTIONS
      4. POSITIVE EMOTIONS AND SUSTAINABLE PROJECT MANAGEMENT
      5. INFLUENCING POSITIVE EMOTIONS TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE PROJECT MANAGEMENT
      6. HOPE AND OPTIMISM FOR SUSTAINABLE CHANGE
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 54: Social Networking Technologies as a Strategic Tool for the Development of Sustainable Production and Consumption
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. SOCIAL NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO SUSTAINABILITY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 55: Social Media-Based Communities of Practice for Education in Citizenship and Sustainability
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PUBLIC SECTOR REFORM TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY
      4. EDUCATION FOR CITIZENSHIP AND SUSTAINABILITY
      5. COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE AND SOCIAL MEDIA
      6. COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE FOR EDUCATION IN CITIZENSHIP AND SUSTAINABILITY
      7. COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE, EDUCATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS AND SOCIAL EFFICIENCY
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 56: Community Opposition and Public Engagement with Wind Energy in the UK
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UK
      4. PUBLIC OPPOSITION TO WIND ENERGY
      5. THE NIMBY PROBLEM
      6. THE ‘DEFICIT MODEL’ OF COMMUNICATING PLANNING DECISIONS
      7. PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      8. CHANGES TO INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING IN THE UK
      9. EXAMPLES OF PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT WITH WIND ENERGY
      10. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 57: Energy Efficient Residential Block Design
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE STEPS OF THE DESIGN PROCESS FOR ENERGY EFFICIENT RESIDENTIAL BLOCKS
      5. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 58: Diffusion of Renewable Energy Technologies in Rural Communities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. EXPLORATORY CASE STUDY IN CAJAMARCA, PERU
      6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. APPENDIX
    9. Chapter 59: The Effect of Farmer Capacities, Farm Business Resources and Perceived Support of Family, Friends and Associational Networks on Intentions to Invest in Renewable Energy Ventures in the UK
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 60: Government Policies to Promote Production and Consumption of Renewable Electricity in the US
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CURRENT RENEWABLE POLICIES
      5. CONCLUSION
    11. Chapter 61: Product-Service Systems as Enabler for Sustainability-Oriented Innovation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CASE STUDY: OFF-GRID LIGHTING
      5. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 62: Digital Urbanism in Southern Italy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. DIGITAL CITIZENRY AND SOCIAL INNOVATION
      3. THE CASE STUDY OF CATANIA: THE CULTURE OF INNOVATION BETWEEN SOCIAL ORDER AND URBAN DISORDER
      4. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 63: Urban Environment Quality in the Italian Spatial Data Infrastructure
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION AND INSPIRE DIRECTIVE
      4. URBAN ENVIRONMENT
      5. DATA DISSEMINATION
      6. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 64: The Heifer International Model of Sustainable Adult Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. HEIFER MODEL OF EDUCATION
      5. FUTURE TRENDS
      6. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 65: Responsible Management Education in Practice
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION
      4. ACADEMIC SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR POVERTY REDUCTION
      5. CONCLUSION: TOWARDS A WORLD ENGAGED EDUCATION
  10. Section 5: Critical Issues
    1. Chapter 66: How Can Sustainable Development Redefine Project Management Processes?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: DEFINING THE THREE DIMENSIONS OF THE RELATIONSHIP AND THE ENCIRCLING MILIEU
      4. THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
      5. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      6. PROJECT MANAGEMENT
      7. SYSTEMS THINKING AND LEVERAGE POINTS
      8. RETHINKING THE RELATIONSHIPS: THE TRI-DIMENSIONAL INTEGRATION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 67: Conceptualization of the Base for Sustainable Rural Development Policy Implementation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. NONBALLANCED DEVELOPMENT: GLOBAL CONSTRAINTS
      3. RURAL DEVELOPMENT OBSTACLES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
      4. EXPERIENCES IN CREATING METHODOLOGYFOR MEASURING RURAL DEVELOPMENT
      5. ESTABLISHING OF THE METHODOLOGY FOR THE RURAL AREA OF SERBIA DEFINITION
      6. PROBLEMS WITH TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
      7. IDENTIFICATION OF THE INDICATORS FOR CONDUCTING OF RURAL POLICY
      8. CREATING OF A SYNTHETIC INDICATOR
      9. PRINCIPLES OF RURAL POLICY
      10. THE BASE FOR SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENTPOLICY FORMULATION
    3. Chapter 68: A Paradigm of Constructing Industrial Symbiosis and Coupling in China’s County-Region Economic Sustainable Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CONSTRUCTING MECHANISM OF INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS AND COUPLING OF COUNTY-REGIONAL ECONOMY
      4. CASE STUDY
      5. COUNTERMEASURES-TAKING DEQING COUNTY AS AN EXAMPLE
    4. Chapter 69: Mind the Gap Please!
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WORLD BANK’S COMPLEX INVESTMENT STRATEGIES IN RENEWABLE ENERGY
      4. CASE STUDIES AND RESEARCH METHODS
      5. GAPS IN INVESTMENT STRATEGIES
      6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 70: Assessing the Barriers to Greener Fiscal Measures and Ecological Tax Reform in the Transport Sector
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EFFICIENT PRICING AND ECOLOGICAL TAX REFORM
      4. CASE-STUDIES OF ECOLOGICAL TAX REFORM IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
      5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 71: Improving the Sustainability of Road Freight Transport by Relaxing Truck Size and Weight Restrictions
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. A BRIEF HISTORY OF LHVs IN EUROPE
      4. ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. DIFFERENT TYPES OF LHV
      6. DEGREE OF LOAD CONSOLIDATION
      7. FREIGHT MODAL SPLIT
      8. INDUCED ROAD FREIGHT TRAFFIC GROWTH
      9. NET ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 72: Sustainable Transport and Quality of Life Analysis of Cycling Impact in Italy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY
      4. VEHICLES, PEDESTRIANS AND CYCLISTS IN ITALY
      5. CASE STUDY: CITIES OF SICILY, ITALY
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 73: The Role of Urban Consolidation Centres in Sustainable Freight Transport
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF UCCs
      4. FREIGHT TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS ADVANTAGES OFFERED BY UCCs
      5. INTRODUCTION TO THE CASE STUDIES
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 74: Evaluating Sustainability on Projects Using Indicators
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SUSTAINABILITY IN PROJECTS
      4. SUSTAINABILITY INDICATOR SETS
      5. INDICATOR SET’S STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES
      6. SUSTAINABILITY INDICATOR SET SELECTION
      7. HOW TO USE THE INDICATOR SET
      8. PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS
      9. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      10. CHAPTER SUMMARY
    10. Chapter 75: Energy Efficient Data Query, Processing and Routing Techniques for Green Wireless Sensor Networks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. STATE-OF-THE-ART: FROM ENERGY EFFICIENCY POINT OF VIEW
      4. LOAD BALANCING ALGORITHM: GAME THEORETICAL APPROACH
      5. SIMULATION RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    11. Chapter 76: Study of Hybrid Sustainable Energy System Based on PEM Fuel Cells and Photovoltaic-Module Power Generator
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GENERAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
      4. PHOTOVOLTAIC SOURCE
      5. FUEL CELLS
      6. ELECTROLYSER
      7. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 77: Are Biofuels a Factor of Sustainable Development in a Food Insecurity Context in Africa?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT IN BURKINA FASO
      4. BIOFUEL POTENTIALS AND RISKS FOR THE POPULATION
      5. POSITIVE IMPACTS AND LIMITATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 78: Indicators of Land Degradation Vulnerability due to Anthropic Factors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MATERIALS AND METHODS
      4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      5. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 79: Desert in Bengal Delta‑Changes in Landscape, Changes in Livelihood
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. STUDY AREA AND METHODS
      4. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
      5. ADOPTION AND DIFFUSION OF SUSTAINABLE ADAPTATION: CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD
  11. Section 6: Emerging Trends
    1. Chapter 80: The University of Hawai‘i at Manoa Sustainability Courtyard as a Center for Campus Engagement
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FRAMING THE STUDY OF PLACE
      4. THE STRATEGIC CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE SUSTAINABILITY COURTYARD
      5. STUDENT VISIONS FOR THE SUSTAINABILITY COURTYARD
      6. LEARNING OUTCOMES AND NEXT STEPS
    2. Chapter 81: Supporting Sustainability Education and Leadership
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. APPENDIX 1: PRE-INQUIRY (APPLICATION FORM)
      6. APPENDIX 2: SUSTAINABILITY EDUCATION PLAN
      7. APPENDIX 3: EXAMPLES OF FORMATIVE FEEDBACK
      8. APPENDIX 4: SUMMATIVE FEEDBACK (DAY 3 OF WORKSHOP)
      9. APPENDIX 5: POST-INQUIRY (ONE YEAR LATER SURVEY)
    3. Chapter 82: Education Collaboration Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 83: Environmental Education through Envkids Didactical Framework and ICT Tools
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COLLABORATIVE LIES AT THE ROOT OF ENVKIDS DIDACTICAL FRAMEWORK
      4. EXPLORATIVE LEARNING LIES IN THE ROOT OF ENVKIDS DIDACTICAL FRAMEWORK
      5. ENRICHING THE ENVKIDS DIDACTICAL FRAMEWORK
      6. CONTRIBUTION AND RELEVANT WORK
      7. FROM THEORY TO DESIGN
      8. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 84: Reverse Logistics for Sustainable Waste Management Processes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. EXISTING PRACTICE
      5. LEGAL CONSTRAINTS
      6. CONCEPTS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF REVERSE LOGISTICS PROCESSES
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 85: Energy from Waste
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    7. Chapter 86: Encouraging the Development of Renewable Energy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PUBLIC POLICY ON RENEWABLE ENERGY
      4. COOPERATIVES AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
      5. LITERATURE ANALYSIS: THE BARRIERS TO DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. MAIN RESULTS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. APPENDIX: QUESTIONNAIRE
    8. Chapter 87: Value Creation with Wood-Based Energy Business Models
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      5. 4. RESEARCH DESIGN
      6. 5. IDENTIFYING BIOENERGY BUSINESS MODELS: FINNISH PERSPECTIVE
      7. 6. THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF A DUTCH BIOENERGY PLANT
      8. 7. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 88: Impacts of High Wind Power Penetration on the Frequency Response Considering Wind Power Reserve
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PITCH ANGLE CONTROL AND SECONDARY CONTROL OF DFIG
      4. CASE STUDY
      5. SIMULATION RESULT
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 89: International Development Partnerships and Diffusion of Renewable Energy Powered Lighting Technologies in Off-Grid Communities in Developing Countries
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP APPROACHES
      4. INNOVATION PERSPECTIVE
      5. PARTNERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS
      6. METHODOLOGY
      7. EXPLORATORY CASE STUDY IN TALAMANCA, COSTA RICA
      8. NATURE OF PARTNERSHIPS
      9. PARTNERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS
      10. CONCLUSION AND RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS
    11. Chapter 90: Demand-Side Response Smart Grid Technique for Optimized Energy Use
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN AUSTRALIA (CASE STUDY)
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTION
      5. CONCLUSION
    12. Chapter 91: Management and Utilisation of Natural Resources in Special Nature Reserves
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NORMATIVE ASPECTS OF THE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AND NATURAL VALUES IN SERBIA
      4. PROTECTED AREAS IN SERBIA
      5. ECOLOGICAL ACCOUNTING
      6. RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
    13. Chapter 92: Promoting Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) in Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODOLOGY
      5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. CONCLUSION
    14. Chapter 93: The Sustainable Waterfront
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
    15. Chapter 94: Multifunctional Agriculture and the Green Economy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE CONCEPT OF MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE
      3. THE ROLE AND FUNCTION OF AGRICULTURE IN THE ACTUAL ECONOMY
      4. MULTIFUNCTIONAL FARMS AND FARM DIVERSIFICATION
      5. CONCLUSION
    16. Chapter 95: Sustainable Urbanism Revisited
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY APPROACHES TO SUSTAINABLE URBANISM
      4. LESSONS FROM THE OTTOMAN CITY
      5. REDEFINING ESSENTIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE URBANISM
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
    17. Chapter 96: Towards Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EXISTING STATUS OF ZEBs AND LOW ENERGY BUILDINGS IN EUROPE
      4. EUROPEAN STANDARDS ON LOW ENERGY BUILDINGS
      5. ZEBs AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES
      6. CONCLUSION