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Sustainable Operations and Closed-Loop Supply Chains by Gilvan C. Souza

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Chapter 7

Closing the Loop: Remanufacturing1

Scope of Remanufacturing in the U.S. and the World

Remanufacturing is the process of restoring a used product to a common aesthetic and operating standard. Broadly speaking, remanufacturing comprises the following steps: disassembly, cleaning, reworking, reassembly, and testing. Disassembly and reassembly are labor-intensive regardless of the product or industry. Cleaning is labor-intensive for most industries, and in automotive remanufacturing the process also takes a lot of capital and energy. Reworking is both labor- and capital-intensive. In automotive, tire, and industrial machinery remanufacturing, the process requires significant capital investments because it uses more advanced technology. ...

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