O'Reilly logo

Surfaces and Essences by Emmanuel Sander, Douglas Hofstadter

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

CHAPTER 2

The Evocation of Phrases

Categories Vastly Outnumber Words

What is it that links words and categories? To be sure, words are often the verbal counterparts of categories. We can describe and refer to categories with them, but that does not mean that categories should be equated with words — not even with the broader notion of lexical items — for categories are mental entities that do not always possess linguistic labels. Often words are names of categories, often they can be used to describe categories, but sometimes they simply are lacking. All in all, the connection between categories and language is complex. A single word can of course ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required