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Surface Engineering of Light Alloys

Book Description

The growing use of light alloys in industries such as aerospace, sports equipment and biomedical devices is driving research into surface engineering technologies to enhance their properties for the desired end use. Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys provides a comprehensive review of the latest technologies for modifying the surfaces of light alloys to improve their corrosion, wear and tribological properties.

Part one discusses surface degradation of light alloys with chapters on corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys and protection techniques, wear properties of aluminium-based alloys and tribological behaviour of titanium alloys. Part two reviews surface engineering technologies for light alloys including anodising, plasma electrolytic oxidation, thermal spraying, cold spraying, physical vapour deposition, plasma assisted surface treatment, PIII/PSII treatments, laser surface modification, ceramic conversion and duplex treatments. Part three covers applications for surface engineered light alloys including sports equipment, biomedical devices and plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodised aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Surface engineering of light alloys: Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys is a standard reference for engineers, metallurgists and materials scientists looking for a comprehensive source of information on surface engineering of aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys.

  • Discusses surface degradation of light alloys considering corrosion behaviour and wear and tribological properties
  • Examines surface engineering technologies and modification featuring plasma electrolytic oxidation treatments and both thermal and cold spraying
  • Reviews applications for engineered light alloys in sports equipment, biomedical devices and spacecraft

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Preface
  7. Part I: Surface degradation of light alloys
    1. Chapter 1: Corrosion behavior of magnesium alloys and protection techniques
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Corrosion behavior of magnesium (Mg) alloys
      4. 1.3 Corrosion mitigation strategy
      5. 1.4 Future trends
      6. 1.5 Acknowledgements
    2. Chapter 2: Wear properties of aluminium-based alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Classification of aluminium alloys
      4. 2.3 Composites
      5. 2.4 Introduction to wear
      6. 2.5 Sliding wear of aluminium alloys
      7. 2.6 Wear maps
      8. 2.7 Future trends
    3. Chapter 3: Tribological properties of titanium-based alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Wear behaviour of titanium alloys
      4. 3.3 Wear of titanium-aluminium intermetallics
      5. 3.4 Conclusions
      6. 3.5 Acknowledgements
  8. Part II: Surface engineering technologies for light alloys
    1. Chapter 4: Anodising of light alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Formation of anodic films
      4. 4.3 Structural evolution of anodic films
      5. 4.4 Practical anodising processes
      6. 4.5 Pre-treatment processes
      7. 4.6 Anodising equipment
      8. 4.7 Post-treatment processes
      9. 4.8 Anodising magnesium
      10. 4.9 Anodising titanium
      11. 4.10 Future trends
    2. Chapter 5: Plasma electrolytic oxidation treatment of aluminium and titanium alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Fundamentals of the PEO process
      4. 5.3 PEO power sources and process parameters
      5. 5.4 Properties and applications of PEO coatings
      6. 5.5 New process exploration
      7. 5.6 Future trends
      8. 5.7 Acknowledgements
    3. Chapter 6: Plasma electrolytic oxidation treatment of magnesium alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) treatments of magnesium (Mg) alloys
      4. 6.3 Microstructure of PEO-treated Mg alloys
      5. 6.4 Properties of PEO-treated Mg alloys
      6. 6.5 Recent developments in PEO treatments of Mg alloys
      7. 6.6 Industrial PEO processes and applications
      8. 6.7 Summary
    4. Chapter 7: Thermal spraying of light alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Characteristics of thermal spraying
      4. 7.3 Introduction to physics and chemistry of thermal spraying
      5. 7.4 Microstructure and properties of thermal spray coatings
      6. 7.5 Bonding between coating and substrate
      7. 7.6 Case studies
      8. 7.7 Future trends
      9. 7.8 Acknowledgements
    5. Chapter 8: Cold spraying of light alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction: General features of cold spraying (CS)
      3. 8.2 Potential applications of CS technique
      4. 8.3 CS of aluminium (Al) and its alloys
      5. 8.4 CS of titanium (Ti) and its alloys
      6. 8.5 Surface modification of magnesium alloys by CS
      7. 8.6 Future trends
    6. Chapter 9: Physical vapour deposition of magnesium alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Surface engineering of magnesium alloys
      4. 9.3 Ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) and reactive ion beam assisted deposition (RIBAD)
      5. 9.4 Effects of ion bombardment
      6. 9.5 RIBAD deposition of titanium nitride (TiN) on magnesium alloys
      7. 9.6 Sliding wear and aqueous corrosion of Mg alloys
      8. 9.7 Conclusion
    7. Chapter 10: Plasma-assisted surface treatment of aluminium alloys to combat wear
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Effect of plasma on surface oxide film
      4. 10.3 Plasma nitriding of Al alloys
      5. 10.4 Physical vapour deposition (PVD) of aluminium alloys
      6. 10.5 Duplex surface treatment
      7. 10.6 Load bearing capacity and interface design
      8. 10.7 Summary
    8. Chapter 11: Plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) of light alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Processes and advantages of plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII)
      4. 11.3 PIII surface modification of titanium (Ti) alloys
      5. 11.4 PIII surface modification of magnesium (Mg) alloys
      6. 11.5 PIII surface modification of aluminum (Al) alloys
      7. 11.6 Future trends
    9. Chapter 12: Laser surface modification of titanium alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Lasers used in surface engineering
      4. 12.3 Laser surface modification methods
      5. 12.4 Laser processing conditions for surface engineering
      6. 12.5 Laser surface melting and cladding
      7. 12.6 Laser surface alloying
      8. 12.7 Effect of laser surface modification on properties
      9. 12.8 Summary
      10. 12.9 Acknowledgements
    10. Chapter 13: Laser surface modification of aluminium and magnesium alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 General considerations on the laser processing of light alloys
      4. 13.3 Laser surface remelting of light alloys
      5. 13.4 Laser surface alloying of light alloys
      6. 13.5 Laser surface cladding of light alloys
      7. 13.6 Laser surface particle composite fabrication processes
      8. 13.7 Laser shock treatment of Al alloys
      9. 13.8 Future trends
      10. 13.9 Sources of further information and advice
    11. Chapter 14: Ceramic conversion treatment of titanium-based materials
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Ceramic conversion treatment (CCT) of titanium and titanium alloys
      4. 14.3 CCT for TiAl intermetallics
      5. 14.4 CCT of TiNi shape memory alloys
      6. 14.5 Summary and conclusions
      7. 14.6 Future trends
      8. 14.7 Acknowledgements
    12. Chapter 15: Duplex surface treatments of light alloys
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Duplex surface treatment of titanium (Ti) alloys
      4. 15.3 Load bearing capacity of duplex surface treatments
      5. 15.4 Tribological properties of duplex surface treatments
      6. 15.5 Erosion performance of duplex surface treatments
      7. 15.6 Duplex surface treatment based on diamondlike carbon (DLC) or titanium nitride (TiN) films with plasma nitriding
      8. 15.7 Duplex surface coating with oxygen diffusion inlayer
      9. 15.8 Other duplex surface treatments for titanium alloys
      10. 15.9 Duplex surface treatment of aluminium (Al) alloys
      11. 15.10 Summary
  9. Part III: Applications for surface engineered light alloys
    1. Chapter 16: Surface engineered light alloys for sports equipment
      1. Abstract:
      2. 16.1 Introduction
      3. 16.2 Light alloys in sports equipment
      4. 16.3 Surface engineering in sports equipment
      5. 16.4Summary
      6. 16.5Acknowledgements
    2. Chapter 17: Surface engineered titanium alloys for biomedical devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Surface engineering of titanium (Ti) and its alloys for cardiovascular devices
      4. 17.3 Surface engineering of Ti alloys for orthopedics and dental implants
      5. 17.4 Future trends
      6. 17.6 Acknowledgements
    3. Chapter 18: Plasma electrolytic oxidation and anodising of aluminium alloys for spacecraft applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 18.1 Introduction
      3. 18.2 Aluminium (Al) alloys for aerospace applications
      4. 18.3 Requirements from engineering components in space
      5. 18.4 Advanced coatings and multi-functionality
      6. 18.5 Environmental aspects of engineering components in space
      7. 18.6 Most commonly used coating processes for Al alloys
      8. 18.7 PEO and anodised coating characteristics and properties
      9. 18.8 PEO applications
      10. 18.9 Summary
  10. Index