You are previewing Surface Engineering and Technology for Biomedical Implants.
O'Reilly logo
Surface Engineering and Technology for Biomedical Implants

Book Description

This new book synthesizes a wide range of interdisciplinary literature to provide the state-of-the art of biomedical implants. It discusses materials and explains the three basic requirements for implant success from a surface engineering perspective: biological compatibility, biomechanical compatibility, morphological compatibility. Biomedical, mechanical, and materials engineers will find this book indispensable for understanding proper treatment of implant surfaces in order to achieve clinical success. Highlights include: • Coverage of surface engineering of polymer, metallic, ceramic and composite implant materials; • Coverage of chemical, mechanical, physical, thermal, and combined surface modification technologies; • Explanations of interfacial reaction between vital tissue and non-vital implant surface; and • Methodologies and technologies for modification of surface layer/zone to promote the osteo-integration, the ultimate success for biomedical implants in both dental and medical practice.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Dedication Page
  6. Contents
  7. Preface
  8. Acknowledgements
  9. Prologue
  10. Chapter 1 Introduction
    1. 1.1 Literature Review Results
    2. 1.2 Acceptability and Prevalence of Implants
    3. 1.3 Overview of Implant Technology
    4. References
  11. Chapter 2 Implantable Materials
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Metallic Biomaterials
    3. 2.3 Polymeric Biomaterials
    4. 2.4 Ceramic Biomaterials
    5. 2.5 Composites
    6. References
  12. Chapter 3 Interfacial Reactions Between Vital Tissue and Nonvital Implant Surfaces
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Toxicity
    3. 3.2.1 Chemical Toxicity
    4. 3.2.2 Biological Toxicity
    5. 3.2.3 Physical Toxicity
    6. 3.3 Allergic Reaction
    7. 3.4 Compatibility
      1. 3.4.1 Hemocompatibility
      2. 3.4.2 Cytocompatibility
    8. 3.5 Bone Healing
      1. 3.5.1 Cellular Response to Biomaterials
      2. 3.5.2 Cell Attachment, Adhesion, and Spreading
      3. 3.5.3 Cell Proliferation and Differentiation
      4. 3.5.4 Bone Ingrowth
      5. 3.5.5 Bone Healing and Grafting
      6. 3.5.6 Osseointegration
    9. 3.6 Loosening Implants and Infection
    10. References
  13. Chapter 4 Requirements for Successful Implant Systems
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Biological Compatibility
    3. 4.3 Biomechanical Compatibility
    4. 4.4 Morphological Compatibility
    5. References
  14. Chapter 5 Surface Modification
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Nature of Surface and Interface
    3. 5.3 Surface Modification Technologies
      1. 5.3.1 Mechanical Modification
      2. 5.3.2 Chemical and Electrochemical Modifications
      3. 5.3.3 Physical Modification
      4. 5.3.4 Thermal Modification
      5. 5.3.5 Combined Technology
    4. 5.4 Coating Materials and Materials Preparation
      1. 5.4.1 Metallic Materials
      2. 5.4.2 Polymeric Materials
      3. 5.4.3 Ceramics—Metallic Oxides, Nitrides, and Carbides
      4. 5.4.4 Ceramcis—Nonmetallic Compounds
      5. 5.4.5 Composites, Hybrids, Functional Gradient Materials, and Biomimetic Materials
      6. 5.4.6 Others
    5. References
  15. Chapter 6 Evaluation and Characterization of Modified Surfaces
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Safety Concerns and Testing
    3. 6.3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging Safety and Image Compatibility
    4. 6.4 Hydrophilicity and Hydrophobicity
    5. 6.5 Blood Compatibility
    6. 6.6 Cell Adhesion and Adhesive Strength
    7. 6.7 Osseointegration
    8. 6.8 Biomimetic Coating
    9. 6.9 Measures Against Toxic Ion Elution
    10. 6.10 Evaluation of Biocompatibility
    11. 6.11 Mechanical Properties
    12. 6.12 Temperature Changes
    13. 6.13 Corrosion Behavior
    14. 6.14 Effect of Sterilization
    15. 6.15 Strontium Effect
    16. 6.16 Characterization of HA
    17. 6.17 Characterization of Other Bio-Ceramics
    18. 6.18 Surface Texturing and Topology
    19. 6.19 Retrieved Implants
    20. References
  16. Chapter 7 New Materials, New Structures, and New Technologies
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 New Materials
      1. 7.2.1 Bone Materials
      2. 7.2.2 Porous Materials
      3. 7.2.3 Nanomaterials
      4. 7.2.4 Functionally Gradient Materials
    3. 7.3 New Structures
      1. 7.3.1 Nanostructures
      2. 7.3.2 Biomimetic Functionalization
    4. 7.4 New Technologies
      1. 7.4.1 Tissue Engineering
      2. 7.4.2 Three-Dimensional Printing
      3. 7.4.3 Laser Technologies
      4. 7.4.4 Electrospinning
      5. 7.4.5 Atmospheric Plasma Treatment
      6. 7.4.6 Friction Stir Welding
      7. 7.4.7 Near-Net Shape (NNS) Forming
      8. 7.4.8 Miscellaneous
    5. References
  17. Index
  18. Ad Page
  19. Back Cover