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Subsea Engineering Handbook

Book Description

Designing and building structures that will withstand the unique challenges that exist in Subsea operations is no easy task. As deepwater wells are drilled to greater depths, engineers are confronted with a new set problems such as water depth, weather conditions, ocean currents, equipment reliability, and well accessibility, to name just a few. A definitive reference for engineers designing, analyzing and instilling offshore structures, Subsea Structural Engineering Handbook provides an expert guide to the key processes, technologies and equipment that comprise contemporary offshore structures.

Written in a clear and easy to understand language, the book is based on the authors 30 years of experience in the design, analysis and instillation of offshore structures. This book answers the above mentioned crucial questions as well as covers the entire spectrum of subjects in the discipline, from route selection and planning to design, construction, installation, materials and corrosion, inspection, welding, repair, risk assessment, and applicable design solutions. It yields a roadmap not only for the subsea engineer but also the project managers, estimators and regulatory personnel hoping to gain an appreciation of the overall issues and directed approaches to subsea engineering design solutions.

Up-to-date technical overview of deepwater riser engineering
Easy to understand Coverage of design, analysis and, stallation
Addresses issues concerning both fixed and floating platforms
Covers techincal equipment such as Subsea Control Systems, Pressure Piping, Connectors and Equipment Layout as well as Remotely-operated vehicles

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. About the Authors
  7. List of abbreviations
  8. Part One. Subsea Production Systems
    1. Chapter 1. Overview of Subsea Engineering
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. 1.2 Subsea Production Systems
      3. 1.3 Flow Assurance and System Engineering
      4. 1.4 Subsea Structures and Equipment
      5. 1.5 Subsea Pipelines
      6. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 2. Subsea Field Development
      1. 2.1 Subsea Field Development Overview
      2. 2.2 Deepwater or Shallow-Water Development
      3. 2.3 Wet Tree and Dry Tree Systems
      4. 2.4 Subsea Tie-Back Development
      5. 2.5 Stand-Alone Development
      6. 2.6 Artificial Lift Methods and Constraints
      7. 2.7 Subsea Processing
      8. 2.8 Template, Clustered Well System, and Daisy Chain
      9. 2.9 Subsea Field Development Assessment
      10. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 3. Subsea Distribution System
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Design Parameters
      3. 3.3 SDS Component Design Requirements
      4. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 4. Subsea Surveying, Positioning, and Foundation
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Subsea Survey
      3. 4.3 Subsea Metrology and Positioning
      4. 4.4 Subsea Soil Investigation
      5. 4.5 Subsea Foundation
      6. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 5. Installation and Vessels
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Typical Installation Vessels
      3. 5.3 Vessel Requirements and Selection
      4. 5.4 Installation Positioning
      5. 5.5 Installation Analysis
      6. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 6. Subsea Cost Estimation
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Subsea Capital Expenditures (CAPEX)
      3. 6.3 Cost Estimation Methodologies
      4. 6.4 Subsea Equipment Costs
      5. 6.5 Testing and Installation Costs
      6. 6.6 Project Management and Engineering Costs
      7. 6.7 Subsea Operation Expenditures (OPEX)
      8. 6.8 Life Cycle Cost of Subsea System
      9. 6.9 Case Study: Subsea System CAPEX Estimation
      10. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 7. Subsea Control
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Types of Control Systems
      3. 7.3 Topside Equipment
      4. 7.4 Subsea Control Module Mounting Base (SCMMB)
      5. 7.5 Subsea Control Module (SCM)
      6. 7.6 Subsea Transducers/Sensors
      7. 7.7 High-Integrity Pressure Protection System (HIPPS)
      8. 7.8 Subsea Production Control System (SPCS)
      9. 7.9 Installation and Workover Control System (IWOCS)
      10. REFERENCES
    8. Chapter 8. Subsea Power Supply
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Electrical Power System
      3. 8.3 Hydraulic Power System
      4. REFERENCES
    9. Chapter 9. Project Execution and Interfaces
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Project Execution
      3. 9.3 Interfaces
      4. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 10. Subsea Risk and Reliability
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Risk Assessment
      3. 10.3 Environmental Impact Assessment
      4. 10.4 Project Risk Management
      5. 10.5 Reliability
      6. 10.6 Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
      7. 10.7 Qualification to Reduce Subsea Failures
      8. REFERENCES
    11. Chapter 11. Subsea Equipment RBI
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Objective
      3. 11.3 Subsea Equipment RBI Methodology
      4. 11.4 Pipeline RBI
      5. 11.5 Subsea Tree RBI
      6. 11.6 Subsea Manifold RBI
      7. 11.7 RBI Output and Benefits
      8. REFERENCES
  9. Part Two. Flow Assurance and System Engineering
    1. Chapter 12. Subsea System Engineering
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Typical Flow Assurance Process
      3. 12.3 System Design and Operability
      4. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 13. Hydraulics
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Composition and Properties of Hydrocarbons
      3. 13.3 Emulsion
      4. 13.4 Phase Behavior
      5. 13.5 Hydrocarbon Flow
      6. 13.6 Slugging and Liquid Handling
      7. 13.7 Slug Catcher Design
      8. 13.8 Pressure Surge
      9. 13.9 Line Sizing
      10. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 14. Heat Transfer and Thermal Insulation
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Heat Transfer Fundamentals
      3. 14.3 U-Value
      4. 14.4 Steady-State Heat Transfer
      5. 14.5 Transient Heat Transfer
      6. 14.6 Thermal Management Strategy and Insulation
      7. REFERENCES
      8. Appendix: U-Value and Cooldown Time Calculation Sheet
    4. Chapter 15. Hydrates
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Physics and Phase Behavior
      3. 15.3 Hydrate Prevention
      4. 15.4 Hydrate Remediation
      5. 15.5 Hydrate Control Design Philosophies
      6. 15.6 Recovery of Thermodynamic Hydrate Inhibitors
      7. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 16. Wax and Asphaltenes
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Wax
      3. 16.3 Wax Management
      4. 16.4 Wax Remediation
      5. 16.5 Asphaltenes
      6. 16.6 Asphaltene Control Design Philosophies
      7. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 17. Subsea Corrosion and Scale
      1. 17.1 Introduction
      2. 17.2 Pipeline Internal Corrosion
      3. 17.3 Pipeline External Corrosion
      4. 17.4 Scales
      5. REFERENCES
    7. Chapter 18. Erosion and Sand Management
      1. 18.1 Introduction
      2. 18.2 Erosion Mechanisms
      3. 18.3 Prediction of Sand Erosion Rate
      4. 18.4 Threshold Velocity
      5. 18.5 Erosion Management
      6. 18.6 Sand Management
      7. 18.7 Calculating the Penetration Rate: Example
      8. REFERENCES
  10. Part Three. Subsea Structures and Equipment
    1. Chapter 19. Subsea Manifolds
      1. 19.1 Introduction
      2. 19.2 Manifold Components
      3. 19.3 Manifold Design and Analysis
      4. 19.4 Pile and Foundation Design
      5. 19.5 Installation of Subsea Manifold
      6. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 20. Pipeline Ends and In-Line Structures
      1. 20.1 Introduction
      2. 20.2 PLEM Design and Analysis
      3. 20.3 Design Methodology
      4. 20.4 Foundation (Mudmat) Sizing and Design
      5. 20.5 PLEM Installation Analysis
      6. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 21. Subsea Connections and Jumpers
      1. 21.1 Introduction
      2. 21.2 Jumper Components and Functions
      3. 21.3 Subsea Connections
      4. 21.4 Design and Analysis of Rigid Jumpers
      5. 21.5 Design and Analysis of a Flexible Jumper
      6. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 22. Subsea Wellheads and Trees
      1. 22.1 Introduction
      2. 22.2 Subsea Completions Overview
      3. 22.3 Subsea Wellhead System
      4. 22.4 Subsea Xmas Trees
      5. REFERENCES
    5. Chapter 23. ROV Intervention and Interface
      1. 23.1 Introduction
      2. 23.2 ROV Intervention
      3. 23.3 ROV System
      4. 23.4 ROV Interface Requirements
      5. 23.5 Remote-Operated Tool (ROT)
      6. REFERENCES
  11. Part Four. Subsea Umbilical, Risers & Flowlines
    1. Chapter 24. Subsea Umbilical Systems
      1. 24.1 Introduction
      2. 24.2 Umbilical Components
      3. 24.3 Umbilical Design
      4. 24.4 Ancillary Equipment
      5. 24.5 System Integration Test
      6. 24.6 Installation
      7. 24.7 Technological Challenges and Analysis
      8. 24.8 Umbilical Industry Experience and Trends
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 25. Drilling Risers
      1. 25.1 Introduction
      2. 25.2 Floating Drilling Equipment
      3. 25.3 Key Components of Subsea Production Systems
      4. 25.4 Riser Design Criteria
      5. 25.5 Drilling Riser Analysis Model
      6. 25.6 Drilling Riser Analysis Methodology
      7. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 26. Subsea Production Risers
      1. 26.1 Introduction
      2. 26.2 Steel Catenary Riser Systems
      3. 26.3 Top Tensioned Riser Systems
      4. 26.4 Flexible Risers
      5. 26.5 Hybrid Risers
      6. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 27. Subsea Pipelines
      1. 27.1 Introduction
      2. 27.2 Design Stages and Process
      3. 27.3 Subsea Pipeline FEED Design
      4. 27.4 Subsea Pipeline Detailed Design
      5. 27.5 Pipeline Design Analysis
      6. 27.6 Challenges of HP/HT Pipelines in Deep Water
      7. REFERENCES
  12. Index