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Statistics for Big Data For Dummies by David Semmelroth, Alan Anderson

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Chapter 16

When You’ve Got the Time: Time Series Analysis

In This Chapter

arrow Understanding the properties of a time series

arrow Forecasting a time series with decomposition methods and smoothing techniques

arrow Understanding how a time series may be modeled and forecasted with regression analysis

A time series is a sequence of values observed over a period of time. For example, the daily closing price of IBM stock over the past 30 trading days is a time series. The monthly rainfall in Seattle over the past five years is also a time series, as is the daily price of gold over the past two years.

For many applications, a time series is the most useful organization of data. For example, the properties of a stock could be best analyzed with a time series of historical prices. As another example, you might produce a forecast of the demand for a company’s products, based on the past buying patterns of the company’s customers.

This chapter covers the key statistical features needed to analyze a time series, along with three forecasting techniques: decomposition methods, smoothing techniques, and time series regression.

Key Properties of a Time Series

The properties of a time series may be modeled ...

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