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Sports Performance Measurement and Analytics: The Science of Assessing Performance, Predicting Future Outcomes, Interpreting Statistical Models, and Evaluating the Market Value of Athletes by Lorena Martin

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1. Anatomy and Physiology

“A muscle is like a car. If you want it to run well early in the morning, you have to warm it up.”

—FLORENCE GRIFFITH JOYNER

Understanding the basics of anatomy and physiology is fundamental to obtaining a more comprehensive knowledge of what it means to be an athlete. Let us start by answering the question, “What is an athlete?” We can think of an athlete as a person who is skilled at a sport, trains, and possesses physical attributes such as muscular strength, power, endurance, speed, and agility, to name a few.

The physical attributes and variables of an athlete will be detailed and explained in chapter 2. This chapter focuses on the fundamental anatomy and physiology of an athlete. The objective of this chapter is ...

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