Discrete orthogonal polynomials
In Chapter 4 we discussed the question of polynomials orthogonal with respect to a weight function, which was assumed to be a positive continuous function on a real interval. This is an instance of a measure. Another example is a discrete measure, for example, one supported on the integers with masses wm, m = 0, ±1, ±2, . . . Most of the results of Section 4.1 carry over to this case, although if wm is positive at only a finite number N + 1 of points, the associated function space has dimension N + 1 and will be spanned by orthogonal polynomials of degrees zero through N.
In this context the role of differential operators is played by difference operators. An analogue of the characterization in Theorem 3.4.1 ...