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Special Edition Using Mac OS X Leopard

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SPECIAL EDITION USING MAC OS X LEOPARD

THE ONLY MAC OS X LEOPARD BOOK YOU NEED

We crafted this book to grow with you, providing the reference material you need as you move toward software proficiency and use of more advanced features. If you buy only one book on Mac OS X Leopard, Special Edition Using Mac OS X Leopard is the only book you need.

• Explore the depths of Mac OS X’s core including the desktop, Finder, Finder windows, the Dock, user accounts, the Dashboard and widgets, Spaces, and much more.

 • Master OS X by installing and using Mac OS X applications, customizing the system, making your Mac accessible to everyone, automating your Mac with the Automator, using Unix commands, and working with mobile Macs.

 • Run Windows applications on your Mac for those rare occasions when a Mac application isn’t available.

 • Exploit Mac OS X’s Internet tools to connect to the Net with or without wires, use email, surf the Web, and take advantage of the many features of .Mac.

 • Explore some of the great applications included with Mac OS X, such as iTunes, QuickTime, DVD Player, iCal, Address Book, iChat, and on it goes.

 • Expand your system with input devices (such as keyboards and trackballs), output devices (printers, displays, and such), hard drives, and hubs (Ethernet, USB, and FireWire).

 • Connect to other computers and devices safely and easily using Mac OS X’s advanced networking tools. Learn to configure your own network including Macs and Windows computers and how to share an Internet connection among them.

 • Use great Mac OS X tools and techniques to keep your system in top condition and to solve problems.

“Whether you are already familiar with OS X or are updating from an earlier Mac OS, you will find this volume useful. A clear, comprehensive, well-organized and, above all, usable reference.”

–Glenn Lisle, Managing Editor, MONITOR Magazine

“A must-read for anyone using Mac OS X for the first time–and for those upgrading to the latest version of the Mac operating system. Brad Miser covers all the important topics in an interesting, easy-to-understand manner that's aided and abetted by well chosen graphics, useful tips and explanatory notes. Leopard’s a great OS–and Brad’s book is a great guide for it.

–Dennis Sellers, Publisher, Macsimum News

Brad Miser has written extensively about all things Macintosh. In addition to Special Edition Using Mac OS X Leopard, Brad has written many other books, including My iPhone; Sleeping with the Enemy: Running Windows on a Mac (digital Short Cut); Special Edition Using Mac OS X, v10.4 Tiger; Absolute Beginner's Guide to iPod and iTunes; Absolute Beginner's Guide to Homeschooling; Mac OS X and iLife: Using iTunes, iPhoto, iMovie, and iDVD; iDVD 3 Fast & Easy; Special Edition Using Mac OS X v10.2; and Using Mac OS 8.5. He has also been an author, development editor, or technical editor on more than 50 other titles. He has written numerous articles for MacAddict magazine and has been a featured speaker at Macworld Expo, user group meetings, and other venues. Brad holds a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering from California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo and has received advanced education in maintainability engineering, business, and other topics.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. About the Author
  3. Acknowledgments
  4. We Want to Hear from You!
  5. Introduction
    1. Welcome to Mac OS X
    2. Introduction to Special Edition Using Mac OS X Leopard
      1. How This Book Is Organized
      2. Special Features
      3. Conventions
      4. Who Should Use This Book
  6. I. Exploring the Core
    1. 1. Getting Started with Mac OS X
      1. Welcome to Mac OS X
      2. Starting Up Mac OS X
        1. Understanding the Home Folder
        2. Understanding the Public Folder
        3. Understanding the Sites Folder
        4. Understanding the Library Folder
        5. Understanding Parental Controls
      3. Restarting Your Mac
      4. Shutting Down Your Mac
    2. 2. Viewing and Navigating Mac OS X Finder Windows
      1. Working with Finder Windows
        1. Opening Finder Windows
          1. Configuring How New Finder Windows Open
          2. Working with Spring-Loaded Folders
        2. Scrolling Finder Windows
        3. Resizing Windows
        4. Resizing the Panes of Finder Windows
        5. Closing, Minimizing, and Maximizing Finder Windows
        6. Moving Finder Windows
        7. Using the Icon, List, Column, or Cover Flow Views for a Finder Window
          1. Viewing a Finder Window in Icon View
          2. Viewing a Finder Window in List View
          3. Viewing a Finder Window in Column View
          4. Viewing a Finder Window in Cover Flow View
      2. Navigating Finder Windows
        1. Using the Keyboard to Select Items in a Finder Window
          1. Using the Keyboard to Select Items in the Icon View
          2. Using the Keyboard to Select Items in the List View
          3. Using the Keyboard to Select Items in the Column View
          4. Using the Keyboard to Select Items in the Cover Flow View
          5. Using the Finder Window’s Search Tool to Select Items
        2. Navigating Up and Down the Directory Structure
          1. Changing Directories with the Sidebar
          2. Using the Back and Forward Buttons to Move Among Finder Windows
          3. Changing Directories with the Path Pop-Up Menu
          4. Changing Directories with the Go Menu
          5. Changing Directories with the Keyboard
      3. Customizing Finder Windows
        1. Customizing the Sidebar
          1. Determining the Default Items in the Sidebar
          2. Organizing Your Sidebar
        2. Customizing the Toolbar
          1. Showing or Hiding the Toolbar
          2. Changing the Tools on the Toolbar
        3. Customizing the Status Bar
        4. Customizing Finder Window Views
          1. Customizing the Icon View
          2. Customizing the List View
          3. Customizing the Column View
          4. Customizing the Cover Flow View
      4. Working with the Finder Window’s Action Pop-Up Menu
      5. Working with Labels
        1. Setting Up Labels
        2. Applying Labels
      6. Mac OS X to the Max: Finder Window Keyboard Shortcuts
    3. 3. Working on the Mac OS X Desktop
      1. The Mac OS X Desktop
      2. Working with Mac OS X Menus
        1. The Mac OS X Apple Menu
        2. Mac OS X Application Menus
        3. Mac OS X File Menus
        4. Mac OS X Edit Menus
        5. The Finder View Menu
        6. The Finder Go Menu
        7. Mac OS X Window Menus
        8. Mac OS X Help Menus
        9. The Spotlight Menu
        10. Optional Finder Menus
        11. Mac OS X Contextual Menus
        12. The Finder Action Pop-up Menu
      3. Working with the System Preferences Application
      4. Managing Open Windows with Exposé
      5. Managing the Desktop with Spaces
      6. Understanding Mac OS X Directories
        1. Mac OS X System Folders
          1. The Computer Folder
          2. The Mac OS X Startup Volume
        2. Mac OS X User Folders
          1. The Desktop Folder
          2. The Library Folder
          3. The Public Folder
          4. The Sites Folder
      7. Working with Files and Folders
        1. Creating and Naming Folders
        2. Naming Files
        3. Creating and Using Aliases
        4. Trashing Files and Folders
        5. Creating and Using Burn Folders
      8. Getting Information on Items
        1. Working with the Spotlight Comments Information
        2. Working with General Information
        3. Working with More Info Information
        4. Working with Name and Extension Information
        5. Working with Preview Information
        6. Working with Languages Information
        7. Working with “Open with” Information
        8. Working with Sharing & Permissions Information
        9. Working with the Inspector
      9. Getting a Quick Look at Things
      10. Customizing the Mac OS X Desktop
        1. Changing the Clock Display
        2. Changing the Desktop’s Appearance
      11. Mac OS X to the Max: Desktop Keyboard Shortcuts
    4. 4. Finding Things on Your Mac
      1. Looking for Things in All the Right Places
      2. Searching Your Mac with Spotlight
        1. Configuring Spotlight
        2. Searching with Spotlight
        3. Saving Spotlight Searches
        4. Using Spotlight to Create Complex Searches
        5. Adding Spotlight Information to Folders and Files
      3. Searching Your Mac with Smart Folders
        1. Creating and Saving a Smart Folder
        2. Using Smart Folders
        3. Changing Smart Folders
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Keeping Your Mac Organized
    5. 5. Using and Customizing the Dock
      1. Understanding the Dock
      2. Using Items on the Dock
      3. Organizing the Dock
        1. Moving Icons on the Dock
        2. Adding Icons to the Dock
        3. Removing Items from the Dock
        4. Adding Folders to the Dock
      4. Customizing the Appearance and Behavior of the Dock
      5. Mac OS X to the Max: Using Dock Keyboard Shortcuts
    6. 6. Working with the Dashboard and Widgets
      1. Using the Dashboard and Widgets
        1. Activating and Deactivating the Dashboard
        2. Configuring the Widgets that Open When You Activate the Dashboard
        3. Using and Customizing Useful Widgets
          1. Using the Widgets Widget
          2. Using the Address Book Widget
          3. Using the Calculator Widget
          4. Using the iCal Widget
          5. Using the Dictionary Widget
          6. Using the iTunes Widget
          7. Using the Unit Converter Widget
          8. Using the Weather Widget
          9. Using the World Clock Widget
      2. Configuring Widgets
      3. Configuring the Dashboard
        1. Setting the Dashboard’s Hot Key and Active Screen Corner
        2. Removing Widgets from the Dashboard
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Finding and Installing More Widgets
        1. Building Your Own Widgets with Web Capture
        2. Finding and Downloading Widgets
        3. Installing Third Party Widgets
    7. 7. Installing and Using Mac OS X Applications
      1. Understanding Applications You Can Run Under Mac OS X
      2. Installing Mac OS X Applications
        1. Installing Mac OS X Applications with Drag and Drop
        2. Installing Mac OS X Applications Using an Installer
      3. Launching Mac OS X Applications
      4. Understanding and Using Standard Mac OS X Application Menus
        1. Working with Mac OS X Application Menus
        2. Working with Mac OS X File Menus
        3. Working with Mac OS X Edit Menus
        4. Working with Mac OS X Format Menus
      5. Opening Documents in Mac OS X
        1. Using the Mac OS X Open Dialog Box
        2. Determining the Application That Opens When You Open a Document
          1. Using the Get Info Window to Associate Documents with an Application
          2. Using a Contextual Menu to Open a Document with a Specific Application
          3. Using Filename Extensions to Associate Documents with Applications
      6. Saving Documents in Mac OS X
        1. Understanding Filenames and Filename Extensions
        2. Viewing or Hiding Filename Extensions
        3. Saving Documents As PDFs
      7. Troubleshooting
        1. I Can’t Install an Application Because I Don’t Have Sufficient Privileges
        2. I Can’t Drag a Document on an Icon to Open It
        3. When I Open an Application, What I See Is Incomprehensible
  7. II. Mastering the System
    1. 8. Running Windows and Windows Applications
      1. Choosing How to Run Windows on a Mac
        1. Boot Camp
        2. Virtualization Software
      2. Using Boot Camp to Run Windows on a Mac
        1. Running the Boot Camp Assistant and Installing Windows
        2. Running Windows
      3. Using Parallels Desktop for Mac to Run Windows Virtually on a Mac
        1. Installing Parallels Desktop
        2. Configuring a Virtual Environment and Installing Windows
        3. Running Windows
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Protecting Windows on a Mac from Attack
    2. 9. Setting System Preferences
      1. Setting Your Preferences
      2. Setting Appearance Preferences
        1. Configuring the Appearance Pane
        2. Using the Color Picker to Choose Colors
      3. Setting Desktop Pictures and Choosing a Screen Saver
        1. Choosing Desktop Pictures
        2. Configuring a Screen Saver
          1. Using a Built-in Screen Saver Module
          2. Creating a Custom Screen Saver Module
          3. Using .Mac Screen Saver Modules
          4. Using Screen Savers Acquired from the Internet and Other Sources
      4. Setting International Preferences
        1. Setting the Language Tab Options
        2. Setting the Formats Tab Options
          1. Choosing a Region
          2. Customizing Date Options
          3. Customizing Time Options
          4. Customizing Number Formats
        3. Setting the Input Menu Tab Options
      5. Setting Default Disc Behaviors
      6. Configuring Your Mac’s Date and Time
      7. Controlling System Startup
        1. Choosing a Startup Volume with System Preferences
        2. Choosing a Startup Volume During Startup
        3. Starting Up in Single-User Mode
        4. Starting Up in Verbose Mode
        5. Starting Up in Safe Mode
        6. Starting Up in Target Disk Mode
        7. Using Other Startup Options
    3. 10. Managing and Using Fonts
      1. Installing and Managing Mac OS X Fonts
        1. Understanding Mac OS X Fonts
        2. Configuring Fonts with the Font Book
        3. Working with Font Libraries
        4. Working with Font Collections
          1. Creating a Font Collection
          2. Editing Font Collections
        5. Configuring the Font Book Window
        6. Installing Fonts with the Font Book
      2. Using the Font Panel
        1. Previewing Fonts
        2. Using Font Favorites
        3. Creating or Removing Font Collections
        4. Applying Effects to Fonts
        5. Editing the Sizes That Appear on the Size Pane
        6. Applying Typography Effects to Fonts
      3. Working with the Character Palette
        1. Opening the Character Palette from the Font Panel
        2. Installing the Character Palette on the Finder Menu Bar
        3. Using the Character Palette
      4. Troubleshooting
        1. The Special Character I Inserted Doesn’t Look Correct
      5. Mac OS X to the Max: Setting Up Character Favorites
    4. 11. Configuring and Working with User Accounts
      1. Using Mac OS X User Accounts
        1. Understanding Why You Should Use Multiple User Accounts
        2. Understanding User Account Types
          1. Understanding Administrator Accounts
          2. Understanding the Clean Account
          3. Understanding Non-Administrator (Standard) User Accounts
          4. Understanding the Guest Account
          5. Understanding Sharing-Only Accounts
          6. Understanding User Groups
          7. Understanding the Root Account
      2. Creating and Configuring User Accounts
        1. Creating User Accounts
        2. Configuring User Accounts
          1. Configuring a User Account’s Full Name or Password
          2. Configuring a User Account’s Picture
          3. Limiting Access of a User Account Using Parental Controls
          4. Configuring Your Address Book Card
          5. Setting Applications and Documents to Open Automatically at Login
          6. Configuring an Account’s Advanced Options
        3. Enabling the Guest Account
        4. Creating a Sharing-Only Account
        5. Creating Groups of Users
      3. Logging In, Logging Out, and Configuring Login Options
        1. Logging In to a User Account
        2. Logging In to a Guest Account
        3. Logging Out of a User Account
        4. Configuring Automatic Login
        5. Controlling How User Accounts Appear in the Login Window
        6. Hiding the Sleep, Restart, and Shut Down Buttons
        7. Showing the Input Menu in the Login Window
        8. Using VoiceOver in the Login Window
        9. Showing Password Hints
        10. Enabling and Using Fast User Switching
      4. Testing and Changing User Accounts
        1. Testing User Accounts
        2. Editing User Accounts
        3. Deleting User Accounts
      5. Enabling the Root User Account
      6. Troubleshooting
        1. I Forgot My Administrator User Account User Name or Password
        2. I Can’t Change a User Account
        3. I Can’t Log In on a User Account
        4. The Buttons in the Accounts Pane Are Inactive
    5. 12. Managing Your Desktop with Exposé, Spaces, and Other Tools
      1. Taking Control of Your Desktop
      2. Managing Open Windows with Exposé
        1. Using Exposé
        2. Configuring Exposé
      3. Creating, Using, and Managing Spaces
        1. Enabling and Building Spaces
        2. Using and Managing Spaces
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Controlling Running Applications
    6. 13. Making Your Mac Accessible to Everyone
      1. Understanding Universal Access
      2. Configuring and Using Seeing Assistance
        1. Understanding and Using VoiceOver
          1. Using Default VoiceOver Settings to Have Your Mac Speak to You
          2. Using the VoiceOver Utility to Configure VoiceOver
        2. Understanding and Using Zoom
          1. Using Zoom
          2. Configuring Zoom
        3. Understanding and Using Display Options
      3. Configuring and Using Hearing Assistance
      4. Configuring Keyboard Assistance
      5. Configuring and Using Mouse Assistance
      6. Mac OS X to the Max: Configuring and Using Speech Recognition
        1. Configuring Your Mac for Voice Control
        2. Using Speech Recognition
        3. Using Text to Speech
    7. 14. Unix: Working with the Command Line
      1. A Command Line with the Mac OS?
        1. Terminal
        2. Shells
        3. Unix Command Structure
        4. Unix Applications
        5. Shell Scripts
        6. Unix Flavors
      2. Learning Unix by Example
        1. Learning About the Environment
        2. Viewing the Contents of Directories
        3. Changing the Contents of Directories
        4. Using the Manual
        5. Using Superuser Commands
        6. Killing a Process
      3. Working with Basic Unix Applications
        1. Editing Text with vi
        2. Compressing, Uncompressing, and Extracting Files
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Unix Resources
        1. Using Terminal Keyboard Shortcuts
        2. Learning Unix
    8. 15. Computing on the Move with MacBook Pros and MacBooks
      1. Using Mac OS X on a Mobile Computer
      2. Managing Your Mobile Mac’s Power
        1. Using the Power Management Menu
        2. Maximizing Battery Life
        3. Configuring Power Use
          1. Using a Standard Power Setting
          2. Customizing Your Mac’s Power Settings
        4. Choosing Your Mac’s Power Use
      3. Controlling Your Mobile Mac with Function Keys
      4. Using and Configuring the Trackpad
      5. Configuring and Using Locations
        1. Creating a New Location
        2. Changing Your Mac’s Location
        3. Editing or Deleting Locations
      6. Mac OS X to the Max: Keeping Your Files in Sync
  8. III. Living in a Connected World
    1. 16. Connecting a Mac to the Internet
      1. Connecting to the Internet
      2. Choosing Your Internet Connection Technology
        1. DSL
        2. Cable
        3. Satellite
        4. Dial-up
        5. T-1
      3. Picking the Technology
      4. Obtaining and Configuring an Account
      5. Configuring Your Mac for Internet Access
        1. Connecting Through DSL or Cable Using an Ethernet Connection
        2. Configuring TCP/IP Using a DHCP Server
        3. Configuring Static TCP/IP Settings
        4. Understanding and Configuring Proxy Servers
        5. Configuring a PPPoE Account
        6. Testing a PPPoE Connection
      6. Managing Multiple Internet Accounts
      7. Troubleshooting
        1. My Ethernet Connection Can’t Connect
    2. 17. Building and Using a Wired Network
      1. Local Area Networking with Mac OS X
        1. Networking Services Supported by Mac OS X
        2. Implementing a Network
      2. Designing a Network
      3. Building a Wired Network
      4. Finding and Installing an Ethernet Hub
        1. Understanding Ethernet Hubs
        2. Choosing and Installing an Ethernet Hub
        3. Using an Ethernet Hub
      5. Configuring the Services on a Network
        1. Configuring and Using File Sharing
          1. Configuring File Sharing on a Mac Running Mac OS X
          2. Using Firewalls and Network Services
          3. Accessing Shared Files from a Mac OS X Computer
        2. Configuring and Using FTP Services
      6. Using the Network Utility to Assess Your Network
        1. Checking Network Connections with Ping
        2. Tracing a Route with Traceroute
      7. Understanding and Setting Permissions
      8. Troubleshooting
        1. I Can’t Access a Server
        2. I Can’t See the FTP Site
        3. FTP Access Was Working, but Now It Isn’t
      9. Mac OS X to the Max: Networking Mac OS X with Windows Computers
        1. Sharing Files with Windows Computers
        2. Accessing Virtual Private Networks
    3. 18. Creating and Managing AirPort Wireless Networks
      1. AirPort Wireless Networking
      2. Setting Up an AirPort Base Station
        1. Setting Up an AirPort Extreme Base Station
          1. Installing the Base Station
          2. Configuring the Base Station
          3. Configuring the Base Station Using the Guided Approach
          4. Configuring a Base Station Manually
        2. Configuring an AirPort-equipped Mac to Act As a Base Station
      3. Connecting to an AirPort Network with Mac OS X
      4. Troubleshooting
        1. No AirPort Hardware Is Found
        2. I Don’t Know the Base Station Password
        3. I Can’t Configure My Base Station Manually
        4. I Can’t Access the Internet Through AirPort Even Though I Can Connect to the AirPort Network
        5. Weak Signal
      5. Mac OS X to the Max: Making the Most of AirPort
        1. Making AirPort Go Farther
        2. Working with an AirPort Express Base Station
    4. 19. Sharing an Internet Connection
      1. Enabling Multiple Macs to Use a Single Internet Account
      2. Using AirPort to Share an Internet Account
      3. Using a Mac Running Mac OS X to Share an Internet Account
        1. Connecting the DHCP Mac to the Internet
        2. Installing the DHCP Mac on a Network
        3. Configuring the DHCP Mac to Share an Account
      4. Using Multiple IP Addresses to Share an Internet Account
      5. Using a Hardware DHCP Server to Share an Internet Account
      6. Troubleshooting
        1. The Machines with Which I Am Sharing a Connection from My Mac Can’t Connect at All
        2. The Machines with Which I Am Sharing a Connection from My Mac Have Lost Internet Access
        3. I Get an Error Message Telling Me That Multiple Devices Have the Same IP Address
      7. Mac OS X to the Max: Troubleshooting a Network Connection
    5. 20. Using .Mac to Integrate a Mac onto the Internet
      1. Understanding and Using .Mac
      2. Getting Started with .Mac
        1. Obtaining a .Mac Account
        2. Configuring Your .Mac Account
      3. Working with Your .Mac Email Account
        1. Using Your .Mac Email Account with Mail
        2. Accessing Your .Mac Email Account from the Web
        3. Adding Email Accounts to Your .Mac Account
      4. Using Your iDisk
        1. Setting the Size of Your iDisk
        2. Configuring Your iDisk
        3. Working with a Local Copy of Your iDisk
        4. Working with Your Online iDisk
        5. Working with an iDisk
        6. Accessing iDisks from the Go Menu
        7. Sharing Information on Your iDisk with Others
        8. Upgrading Your iDisk
        9. Using Your iDisk to Work with the Same Files on Multiple Macs
      5. Using .Mac to Publish a Website
        1. Creating a .Mac Website Using HomePage
        2. Creating Your Website by Adding Your Own Pages to the Sites Folder
      6. Using .Mac to Synchronize Important Information on Multiple Macs
      7. Getting Free Software via .Mac
      8. Remotely Access Your Mac with Back to My Mac
      9. Mac OS X to the Max: Using Mac OS X to Serve Web Pages
  9. IV. Getting Things Done with Leopard’s Applications
    1. 21. Managing Your Email with Mail
      1. Working with Mail
      2. Configuring Mail
        1. Configuring General Mail Preferences
        2. Configuring Email Accounts
          1. Adding Accounts Using Preferences
        3. Setting Other Mail Preferences
          1. Setting RSS Preferences
          2. Setting Junk Mail Preferences
          3. Setting Fonts & Colors Preferences
          4. Setting Viewing Preferences
          5. Setting Composing Preferences
          6. Setting Signature Preferences
          7. Setting Rules
        4. Configuring the Mail Toolbar
      3. Sending, Receiving, and Replying to Email
        1. Retrieving and Reading Email
          1. Reading Individual Messages
          2. Working with Email Threads
        2. Writing and Sending Email
        3. Replying to Email
        4. Deleting Email
      4. Customizing Your Email
        1. Customizing the Viewer Window
        2. Organizing Your Email
          1. Using Mailboxes to Organize Your Email
          2. Using Smart Mailboxes to Organize Your Email
          3. Using Smart Mailbox Folders to Organize Your Smart Mailboxes
        3. Configuring and Using Rules for Email
        4. Handling Junk Mail
        5. The End of Spam
      5. Sending and Receiving Files with Email
        1. Attaching Files to Your Email
        2. Using Mail’s Photo Browser
        3. Using Files Attached to Email You Receive
      6. Searching Email
      7. Working with RSS Feeds
        1. Adding RSS Feeds and Configuring Mail to Manage Them
        2. Reading RSS Feeds
      8. Working with Notes
      9. Working with To Do Items
      10. Troubleshooting
        1. My Mail Can’t Be Retrieved
        2. My Mail Can’t Be Sent
        3. Recipients of My Attachments Are Seeing Odd Things
      11. Max OS X to the Max: Using Mail Keyboard Shortcuts
    2. 22. Surfing the Web with Safari
      1. Browsing the Web with Safari
        1. Browsing and Configuring RSS Pages
          1. Browsing RSS Feeds
          2. Configuring Safari’s RSS Preferences
        2. Configuring Safari
          1. Configuring Safari’s Window
          2. Configuring Safari’s General Preferences
          3. Configuring Safari’s Appearance Preferences
          4. Configuring Safari’s Security Preferences
          5. Configuring Safari’s Advanced Preferences
        3. Searching with Safari
        4. Using Safari SnapBack
        5. Using Safari Bookmarks
          1. Configuring Safari Bookmarks Preferences
          2. Accessing Safari Bookmarks
          3. Setting Safari Bookmarks
          4. Organizing Safari Bookmarks
        6. Using Safari Tabs
          1. Configuring Tabs
          2. Using Cool Safari Tab Tricks
        7. Using Safari AutoFill
          1. Configuring AutoFill
          2. Using AutoFill
        8. Creating Web Widgets
        9. Using Safari’s Activity Viewer
        10. Browsing Privately
        11. Emailing Web Pages
      2. Downloading and Preparing Files
        1. Configuring a Downloads Folder
        2. Downloading Files Using Safari
        3. Preparing Files for Use
          1. Understanding File Extensions for Compressed Files
          2. Manually Preparing a File for Use
      3. Working with Plug-Ins and Helper Applications
        1. Working with Plug-Ins
          1. Installing Internet Plug-Ins
          2. Using Internet Plug-Ins
        2. Working with Helper Applications
      4. The Basics of Web Security
      5. Mac OS X to the Max: Going Further on the Web
        1. Using Safari Keyboard Shortcuts
        2. Downloading Files Via FTP in the Finder
    3. 23. Managing Audio with iTunes
      1. Using iTunes
      2. Listening to Audio CDs and Other Sources
        1. Viewing Information While Listening to Tunes
        2. Controlling the Order of Tunes
        3. Playing Music Randomly
        4. Repeating Tracks
        5. Controlling iTunes from the Dock
        6. Controlling iTunes with the iTunes Widget
      3. Customizing iTunes
        1. Setting General iTunes Preferences
        2. Changing the Size of the iTunes Window
        3. Setting iTunes Playback Preferences
      4. Adding Music from Audio CDs to Your iTunes Music Library
        1. Configuring iTunes to Import Music
        2. Adding Audio CDs to Your Library
        3. Adding Audio CDs to the iTunes Library Quickly
      5. Adding Music from Other Sources to Your iTunes Music Library
        1. Purchasing Music from the iTunes Store
        2. Importing Audio Files into Your Library
      6. Browsing and Searching Your Music Library
        1. Browsing in the Library with the List View
        2. Browsing in the Library Using the Grouped View
        3. Browsing in the Library with the Cover Flow View
        4. Searching Your Music Library
      7. Removing Tunes from the Music Library
      8. Understanding and Using Tags
        1. Viewing Tags in the Info Window
        2. Labeling a Track in the Info Window
        3. Tagging Multiple Tracks at the Same Time
        4. Setting Tags in the Content Pane
        5. Changing Sorting Tags
      9. Configuring a Track’s Options
        1. Configuring Track Options in the Info Window
        2. Rating Tracks in the Content Pane
      10. Working with Lyrics
        1. Adding Lyrics to a Track
        2. Viewing Lyrics for a Track
      11. Adding and Viewing Album Artwork
        1. Configuring iTunes to Download Album Artwork Automatically
        2. Adding Artwork for Songs Manually
        3. Adding Artwork to Songs Semi-Automatically
        4. Viewing Album Artwork
      12. Customizing the Content Pane
      13. Building and Listening to Standard Playlists
        1. Creating a Standard Playlist
          1. Creating an Empty Standard Playlist
          2. Creating a Standard Playlist with Songs in It
        2. Adding Songs to a Playlist
        3. Removing Songs from a Playlist
        4. Setting the Order in Which a Playlist’s Songs Play
        5. Listening to a Standard Playlist
        6. Deleting a Standard Playlist
      14. Building and Using Smart Playlists
        1. Understanding Why Smart Playlists Are Called Smart
        2. Creating a Smart Playlist
        3. Listening to a Smart Playlist
        4. Changing a Smart Playlist
      15. Organizing Playlists
      16. Mac OS X to the Max: Using iTunes Sources
        1. Understanding Sources
        2. Using the Party Shuffle
    4. 24. Using Leopard’s Other Digital Media Applications
      1. Going Beyond iTunes
      2. Being Quick with QuickTime
        1. Understanding QuickTime Versus QuickTime Pro
          1. QuickTime
          2. QuickTime Pro
        2. Configuring QuickTime
          1. Registering QuickTime
          2. Configuring QuickTime for Web Browsing
          3. Installing and Updating Third-Party QuickTime Software
          4. Configuring QuickTime Streaming
          5. Setting Advanced QuickTime Options
        3. Upgrading to QuickTime Pro
        4. Opening QuickTime Player and Setting QuickTime Player Preferences
        5. Watching QuickTime Movies Stored Locally
        6. Watching QuickTime Movies Stored on the Web
      3. Watching DVD Movies with DVD Player
        1. Configuring DVD Player
        2. Working with Disc Info
        3. Using Closed Captioning
        4. Working with Bookmarks
          1. Setting Bookmarks
          2. Using Bookmarks
        5. Working with Video Clips
          1. Capturing a Video Clip
          2. Working with Video Clips
        6. Using the DVD Player Timer
        7. Setting Custom Playback Size
        8. Controlling a Disc’s Color
        9. Configuring DVD Player Audio
      4. Sitting on the Front Row
      5. Taking Photos in the Photo Booth
      6. Troubleshooting
        1. My Attempt to Upgrade to QuickTime Pro Failed
        2. I Can’t View QuickTime Movies on the Web
        3. When I Play a Movie, I See a Message About the Region Code Needing to Be Set
        4. An Action I Try Isn’t Permitted
        5. When I View a DVD, I See a Green Screen
      7. Mac OS X to the Max: Going Further with Digital Entertainment Tools
        1. Using QuickTime Player Keyboard Shortcuts
        2. DVD Player Keyboard Shortcuts
    5. 25. Tracking Your Contacts with Address Book
      1. Using Address Book
        1. Exploring Address Book
        2. Finding Information in Address Book
        3. Using Information in Address Book
      2. Configuring Your Address Book
        1. Configuring Address Book General Preferences
        2. Customizing Your Address Book Card Template
        3. Configuring Address Book’s Phone Number Format
        4. Choosing vCard Preferences
      3. Sharing Your Address Book with .Mac Users
      4. Adding Addresses to Your Address Book
        1. Editing Your Own Address Card
        2. Adding Addresses Manually
        3. Adding an Address from an Email Message
        4. Using vCards to Add Information to Your Address Book
        5. Importing Addresses from Another Application
        6. Syncing Contact Information with a Cell Phone or PDA and Address Book
      5. Editing Addresses in Your Address Book
      6. Working with Address Groups
        1. Creating and Configuring a Basic Address Group
        2. Creating a Smart Address Group
      7. Addressing Email
      8. Printing Your Address Book
      9. Using the Address Book Widget
      10. Subscribing to an Address Book
      11. Mac OS X to the Max: Using Address Book Keyboard Shortcuts
    6. 26. Creating and Using Calendars with iCal
      1. Managing Your Calendar with iCal
      2. Configuring iCal
      3. Using iCal
      4. Creating, Configuring, and Working with Calendars
      5. Working with Events
      6. Working with Your To Do List
      7. Printing from iCal
      8. Synchronizing Your Calendar in Multiple Locations
      9. Publishing Your iCal Calendar
      10. Mac OS X to the Max: Subscribing to Other Calendars
        1. Subscribing to Personal Calendars
        2. Subscribing to Public Calendars
    7. 27. Conferencing in Text, Audio, and Video with iChat
      1. Communicating with iChat
      2. Configuring a Mac for iChat
      3. Setting Up Chatting Buddies
      4. Chatting with Text
        1. Starting a Text Chat
        2. Answering a Text Chat Request
      5. Chatting with Sound
      6. Conferencing with Video and Sound
      7. Sharing Your Screen in a Chat
      8. Presenting in the iChat Theater
      9. Mac OS X to the Max: Chat Away
    8. 28. Working with Leopard’s Text and Graphic Applications
      1. Working with Text and Graphics
      2. Working with TextEdit
      3. Working with Preview
        1. Working with Images in Preview
        2. Using Preview to Read PDFs
        3. Viewing a Slideshow in Preview
        4. Using Preview to Convert Files to Different Formats
        5. Setting Preview Preferences
      4. Working with Image Capture
        1. Using Image Capture to Download Images from a Camera to Your Mac
        2. Choosing Image Capture Options
        3. Setting Image Capture Preferences
      5. Sharing Imaging Devices on a Network or via the Web
        1. Sharing a Camera over a Network or the Web
        2. Accessing a Shared Camera
        3. Using Device Sharing to Monitor an Area
      6. Capturing Screen Images
        1. Capturing Screen Images with Keyboard Shortcuts
        2. Capturing Screen Images with Grab
      7. Troubleshooting
        1. The Digital Camera Is Not Recognized by Image Capture
      8. Mac OS X to the Max: Screen Captures with Snapz Pro X
    9. 29. Making Your Mac Do the Work for You with the Automator
      1. Understanding the Automator
        1. Understanding the Automator Application
        2. Knowing When to Automate Tasks
        3. Determining Which Applications Are Supported by the Automator
        4. Understanding Actions That Are Supported by the Automator
        5. Understanding Variables That Are Supported by the Automator
      2. Creating Your Own Workflows
        1. Designing a Workflow
        2. Creating and Saving a Workflow
        3. Building a Workflow Manually
        4. Recording a Workflow
        5. Testing and Editing a Workflow
        6. Saving a Workflow as an Application
      3. Learning How to Automate Your Mac by Example
        1. Opening Websites
        2. Sending Files via Email
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Automator Alternatives
        1. Using QuicKeys to Automate Your Mac
        2. Using AppleScript to Automate Your Mac
  10. V. Expanding the System
    1. 30. Understanding Input and Output Technology
      1. Understanding Interface Technology
      2. Ethernet
      3. FireWire
        1. FireWire 400
        2. FireWire 800
        3. Using FireWire Hubs
      4. USB
        1. USB 1.1
        2. USB 2
        3. Using USB Hubs
      5. AirPort
      6. Bluetooth
      7. Audio Interfaces
        1. Audio Output
        2. Audio Input
      8. Video Interfaces
        1. DVI
        2. Mini-DVI
        3. S-Video
        4. iSight
      9. IR
      10. ExpressCard
      11. RAM
      12. PCI Express
      13. ATA
    2. 31. Working with Mice, Keyboards, and Other Input Devices
      1. Choosing an Input Device
      2. Finding, Installing, and Configuring a Keyboard
        1. Choosing and Installing a Keyboard
        2. Configuring a Keyboard
        3. Configuring Keyboard Shortcuts
        4. Configuring Your Keyboard’s Language Settings and the Input Menu
        5. Configuring a Third-Party Input Device
      3. Finding, Installing, and Configuring a Mouse
        1. Choosing and Installing a Mouse
        2. Configuring a Mouse
      4. Finding, Installing, and Using a Trackball
      5. Finding, Installing, and Using Bluetooth Devices
        1. Preparing for Bluetooth
        2. Configuring Bluetooth on Your Mac
        3. Installing a New Bluetooth Device
        4. Working with Bluetooth Devices
      6. Mac OS X to the Max: Inputting More Better and Faster
        1. Getting the Most from Keyboard Shortcuts
          1. Using Keyboard Navigation
          2. Adding Keyboard Shortcuts for Application Commands
    3. 32. Working with Your Mac’s Displays
      1. Getting the Most Out of Your Mac’s Displays
      2. Configuring a Mac’s Display
      3. Setting Up and Using Multiple Displays
        1. Choosing a Display
          1. Display Type
          2. Display Size
          3. Interface Type
          4. Picking a Display
        2. Installing Displays
          1. Installing a Second Display for iMacs, MacBooks, and MacBook Pros
          2. Installing a Second Display for Mac Minis
          3. Installing Multiple Displays for Mac Pros
        3. Working with Two (or More) Displays
      4. Synchronizing Color Among Devices
        1. Configuring ColorSync
        2. Using ColorSync
      5. Troubleshooting
        1. My Second Display Doesn’t Work
        2. I Don’t See a ColorSync Profile for My Device
    4. 33. Working with Your Mac’s Sound
      1. Understanding Mac Audio
      2. Understanding Audio Output Options
      3. Choosing Speakers
      4. Installing Speakers
        1. Installing Analog Speakers
        2. Installing Digital Speakers Using the Mac’s mini-Toslink Digital Audio Out Port
        3. Installing Digital Speakers with a Mac Pro
        4. Installing Digital Speakers Using USB
        5. Installing Digital Speakers Using a PCI Express Card (Mac Pro)
      5. Understanding Audio Input Options
      6. Controlling a Mac’s Audio
        1. Configuring Sound Effects
        2. Controlling Sound Output
        3. Controlling Sound Input
      7. Mac OS X to the Max: Installing Additional Alert Sounds
    5. 34. Installing, Configuring, and Using Printers
      1. Finding, Installing, and Using Printers
      2. Installing and Configuring Printers
        1. Installing and Configuring a Local USB Printer
          1. Installing a Local USB Printer
          2. Configuring a Local USB Printer
        2. Installing and Configuring a Network Printer
          1. Installing a Network Printer
          2. Configuring a Network Printer
        3. Installing and Configuring Other Types of Printers
      3. Managing Printers
      4. Working with Shared Printers
        1. Sharing a Printer Connected to Your Mac
        2. Adding Shared Printers to Your Mac
      5. Printing Under Mac OS X
      6. Sending Faxes with Mac OS X
        1. Receiving Faxes on Your Mac
        2. Sending Faxes from Your Mac
      7. Working with PDFs
        1. Creating PDF Files
        2. Viewing PDFs with Preview
    6. 35. Understanding and Using Data Storage Devices
      1. Understanding Data Storage Options
      2. Using Disks and Discs
      3. Choosing, Installing, and Using a Hard Drive
        1. Choosing a Hard Drive
        2. Installing an External Hard Drive
        3. Installing an Internal Hard Drive
        4. Initializing and Partitioning a Hard Drive
      4. Working with Optical Discs
        1. Assessing Your Mac’s Disc Drive
        2. Configuring Disc Actions
      5. Burning Discs from the Finder
      6. Burning CDs/DVDs with Disk Utility
        1. Creating a Disk Image to Burn
        2. Burning a Single Disk Image on CD or DVD
        3. Burning a Folder on CD or DVD
        4. Burning a Volume on CD or DVD
      7. Burning Discs with Applications
      8. Troubleshooting
        1. Disk Utility Can’t See My Drive
        2. I Can’t Burn a Disc
    7. 36. Synchronizing Information on Macs and Other Devices
      1. Synchronizing Information
      2. Synchronizing Information Between Macs
        1. Synchronizing Information with .Mac
        2. Synchronizing Information on a Local Network without .Mac
      3. Synchronizing Information on Macs to Other Devices
        1. Determining If You Can Sync a Device with iSync
        2. Configuring iSync Preferences
        3. Synchronizing a Mac with a Cell Phone
          1. Configuring Synchronization between a Mac and Cell Phone
          2. Synchronizing Information on a Mac and on a Cell Phone
      4. Mac OS X to the Max: Automatic File Syncing
  11. VI. Protecting, Maintaining, and Repairing Your Mac
    1. 37. Maintaining a Mac
      1. Maintaining Your Mac
      2. Using Software Update to Maintain Your System Software
        1. Configuring Software Update
        2. Working with Software Update
      3. Maintaining Your Disk Drives
        1. Checking and Repairing Disks with Disk Utility
        2. Erasing Disks with Disk Utility
        3. Enabling Journaling with Disk Utility
        4. Defragmenting and Optimizing Your Hard Disks
        5. Cleaning Up Your Drives
      4. Maintaining Alternative Startup Volumes
      5. Maintaining Your Applications
      6. Building and Maintaining a Mac Toolkit
      7. Mac OS X to the Max: Going Further with Disk Utility
    2. 38. Backing Up a Mac
      1. Backing Up Your System
      2. Defining a Backup Strategy
      3. Choosing Backup Hardware
        1. Using External Hard Drives for Backups
        2. Using Tape Drives for Backups
        3. Using Writable DVD Drives for Backups
        4. Using Writable CD Drives for Backups
      4. Choosing Backup Software
        1. Using Time Machine
        2. Using Apple’s Backup
        3. Using ChronoSync
        4. Using Retrospect
        5. Using Non-backup Applications to Back Up Data
      5. Backing Up Your Mac with Time Machine
        1. Configuring Time Machine
        2. Restoring Files with Time Machine
          1. Restoring Files from the Finder with Time Machine
          2. Restoring Data from Within Applications with Time Machine
        3. Managing Your Time Machine Backups
      6. Backing Up Your Mac with Apple’s Backup
        1. Obtaining and Installing Backup
        2. Configuring Backups with Backup
        3. Backing Up with Backup
        4. Restoring Files with Backup
      7. Mac OS X to the Max: Using a Backup System
    3. 39. Securing a Mac
      1. Securing Your Mac
      2. Securing Your Mac with User Accounts
      3. Securing Your Mac with Privileges
      4. Securing Your Mac with the Security Pane
        1. Securing Your Mac with FileVault
        2. Securing Your Mac with Mac OS X’s Firewall
        3. Securing Your Mac with Security Settings
      5. Securing Your Mac by Removing Trash Securely
      6. Securing Your Mac with Keychains
        1. Viewing and Configuring Your Keychains and Keychain Items
        2. Adding Items to a Keychain
        3. Adding a Keychain
        4. Using Keychains
        5. Going Further with Keychains
      7. Defending Your Mac from Internet Attacks
      8. Defending Your Mac from Virus Attacks
        1. Understanding the Types of Viruses
        2. Preventing Virus Infection
        3. Identifying Virus Infection
        4. Using Antivirus Software
      9. Defending Your Mac Against Internet Hackers
        1. Using a Server and Firewall to Protect Your Network
        2. Using a Software Firewall to Protect Your Network
      10. Using Parental Controls to Safeguard a Mac
        1. Using Parental Controls to Limit a User’s Access to the Mac
        2. Limiting the Web and Dictionary Content Your Mac’s Users Can Access
        3. Limiting Email and Chat Access of Others to Your Mac’s Users
        4. Viewing Logs of User Activity
    4. 40. Solving Mac Problems
      1. Handling Mac Problems
      2. Understanding the Causes of Problems
        1. User Error
        2. Bugs
        3. Conflicting Software
        4. Attacks on Your System
        5. Hardware Failures
      3. Preventing Problems
      4. Assessing Your Mac
        1. Using System Profiler to Create a System Profile
        2. Using Activity Monitor to Understand and Manage Processes
        3. Using the Activity Monitor to Monitor System Activity
        4. Viewing System Activity with Top
        5. Using the Console to View Logs
      5. Solving Problems
        1. Implementing a Workaround
        2. Understanding and Describing Your Problem
          1. Putting the Problem in Context
          2. Using Your Troubleshooting Account
          3. Trying to Repeat the Problem
          4. Describing the Problem in Detail
        3. Fixing Problems Yourself
          1. Correcting Application Errors
            1. Hung Application
            2. Quits
            3. Unexpected Behavior
          2. Correcting System Errors
          3. Correcting Hardware Errors
          4. Solving the Startup Problem
      6. Mac OS X to the Max: Getting Help for Your Problem