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Solar Energy Engineering, 2nd Edition by Soteris A. Kalogirou

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Chapter 8

Solar Desalination Systems

Abstract

Chapter 8 deals with solar desalination systems. The chapter initially analyzes the relation of water and energy as well as water demand and consumption and the relation of energy and desalination. Subsequently, the various desalination processes are described starting with a general exergy analysis of desalination systems and thermal desalination processes. This is followed by a review of the direct and indirect desalination systems. The typical direct system is the solar still and the analysis includes classification of solar distillation systems, performance of solar stills, and general comments on solar distillation. Indirect collection systems presented include the multistage flash process, the ...

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