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Solar Energy Engineering, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Energy policy promoting sustainable development is transforming global energy markets. Solar power, the most abundant of all renewable resources, is crucial to greater achieving energy security and sustainability. This new edition of Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems from Prof. Soteris Kalogirou, a renowned expert with over thirty years of experience in renewable energy systems and applications, includes revised and updated chapters on all areas of solar energy engineering from the fundamentals to the highest level of current research. The book includes high interest topics such as solar collectors, solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, industrial process heat, solar desalination, photovoltaic technology, solar thermal power systems, modeling of solar energy systems and includes a new chapter on wind energy systems. As solar energy’s vast potential environmental and socioeconomic benefits are broadly recognized, the second edition of Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems will provide professionals and students with a resource on the basic principles and applications of solar energy systems and processes and can be used as a reference guide to practicing engineers who want to understand how solar systems operate and how to design the systems.

  • Written by one of the world’s most renowned experts in solar energy with over thirty years of experience in renewable and particularly solar energy applications
  • Provides updated chapters including new sections detailing solar collectors, uncertainties in solar collector performance testing, building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV), thermosiphonic systems performance prediction and solar updraft tower systems
  • Includes a new chapter on wind energy systems
  • Packed with reference tables and schematic diagrams for the most commonly used systems

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Preface to Second Edition
  7. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 General introduction to renewable energy technologies
    3. 1.2 Energy demand and renewable energy
    4. 1.3 Energy-related environmental problems
    5. 1.4 State of the climate
    6. 1.5 A brief history of solar energy
    7. 1.6 Other renewable energy systems
    8. Exercise
    9. References
  8. Chapter 2. Environmental Characteristics
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Reckoning of time
    3. 2.2 Solar angles
    4. 2.3 Solar radiation
    5. 2.4 The solar resource
    6. Exercises
    7. References
  9. Chapter 3. Solar Energy Collectors
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Stationary collectors
    3. 3.2 Sun-tracking concentrating collectors
    4. 3.3 Thermal analysis of flat-plate collectors
    5. 3.4 Thermal analysis of air collectors
    6. 3.5 Practical considerations for flat-plate collectors
    7. 3.6 Concentrating collectors
    8. 3.7 Second law analysis
    9. Exercises
    10. References
  10. Chapter 4. Performance of Solar Collectors
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Collector thermal efficiency
    3. 4.2 Collector incidence angle modifier
    4. 4.3 Concentrating collector acceptance angle
    5. 4.4 Collector time constant
    6. 4.5 Dynamic system test method
    7. 4.6 Efficiency parameters conversion
    8. 4.7 Assessment of uncertainty in solar collector testing
    9. 4.8 Collector test results and preliminary collector selection
    10. 4.9 Quality test methods
    11. 4.10 European standards
    12. 4.11 Data acquisition systems
    13. Exercises
    14. References
  11. Chapter 5. Solar Water-Heating Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Passive systems
    3. 5.2 Active systems
    4. 5.3 Heat storage systems
    5. 5.4 Module and array design
    6. 5.5 Differential temperature controller
    7. 5.6 Hot water demand
    8. 5.7 Solar water heater performance evaluation
    9. 5.8 Simple system models
    10. 5.9 Practical considerations
    11. Exercises
    12. References
  12. Chapter 6. Solar Space Heating and Cooling
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Thermal load estimation
    3. 6.2 Passive space-heating design
    4. 6.3 Solar space heating and cooling
    5. 6.4 Solar cooling
    6. 6.5 Solar cooling with absorption refrigeration
    7. Exercises
    8. References
  13. Chapter 7. Industrial Process Heat, Chemistry Applications, and Solar Dryers
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Industrial process heat: general design considerations
    3. 7.2 Solar steam generation systems
    4. 7.3 Solar chemistry applications
    5. 7.4 Solar dryers
    6. 7.5 Greenhouses
    7. Exercises
    8. References
  14. Chapter 8. Solar Desalination Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Desalination processes
    4. 8.3 Direct collection systems
    5. 8.4 Indirect collection systems
    6. 8.5 Review of renewable energy desalination systems
    7. 8.6 Process selection
    8. Exercises
    9. References
  15. Chapter 9. Photovoltaic Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Semiconductors
    3. 9.2 Photovoltaic panels
    4. 9.3 Related equipment
    5. 9.4 Applications
    6. 9.5 Design of PV systems
    7. 9.6 Tilt and yield
    8. 9.7 Concentrating PV
    9. 9.8 Hybrid PV/T systems
    10. Exercises
    11. References
  16. Chapter 10. Solar Thermal Power Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Parabolic trough collector systems
    4. 10.3 Power tower systems
    5. 10.4 Dish systems
    6. 10.5 Thermal analysis of solar power plants
    7. 10.6 Solar updraft towers
    8. 10.7 Solar ponds
    9. Exercises
    10. References
  17. Chapter 11. Designing and Modeling Solar Energy Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1 f-chart method and program
    3. 11.2 Utilizability method
    4. 11.3 The f-chart method
    5. 11.4 Unutilizability method
    6. 11.5 Modeling and simulation of solar energy systems
    7. 11.6 Artificial intelligence in solar energy systems
    8. 11.7 Limitations of simulations
    9. Exercises
    10. References
  18. Chapter 12. Solar Economic Analysis
    1. Abstract
    2. 12.1 Life cycle analysis
    3. 12.2 Time value of money
    4. 12.3 Description of the life cycle analysis method
    5. 12.4 The P1, P2 method
    6. 12.5 Uncertainties in economic analysis
    7. Assignment
    8. Exercises
    9. References
  19. Chapter 13. Wind Energy Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 13.1 Wind characteristics
    3. 13.2 One-dimensional model for wind turbines
    4. 13.3 Wind turbines
    5. 13.4 Economic issues
    6. 13.5 Wind-energy exploitation problems
    7. Exercises
    8. References
  20. Appendix 1. Nomenclature
    1. Radiation nomenclature
    2. Subscripts
    3. Symbols
    4. Greek
    5. Abbreviations
  21. Appendix 2. Definitions
  22. Appendix 3. Sun Diagrams
    1. Reference
  23. Appendix 4. Terrestrial Spectral Irradiance
  24. Appendix 5. Thermo-physical Properties of Materials
  25. Appendix 6. Equations for the Curves of Figures 3.38 to 3.40
    1. References
  26. Appendix 7. Meteorological Data
    1. United States
    2. Europe
    3. Rest of the world
  27. Appendix 8. Present Worth Factors
  28. Index