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Societal Benefits of Freely Accessible Technologies and Knowledge Resources

Book Description

Open access to information resources and technology can have a profound impact on the economic development of a region as well as society in general. In recent years, reaction against proprietary knowledge and technology has led to tremendous debate both in academic and professional circles. Societal Benefits of Freely Accessible Technologies and Knowledge Resources analyzes current perspectives on the advantages of unrestricted access to information resources and technology intended to advance the prospect for knowledge, innovation, and development across the globe. Touching on topics of relevance to the private and public sectors, this publication is ideally designed for use by policymakers, business managers, academicians, researchers, students, IT practitioners, and legal professionals.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Preface
    1. THE CHALENGES
    2. ACHIEVEMENTS AND ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    3. REFERENCES
  7. Chapter 1: The Political Logic of Free, Libre, Open Source Software
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE COPYLEFT IS RIGHTISH (TOO)
    4. THE REASONS FOR FLOSS
    5. ABOUT RENTISM AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN VENEZUELA
    6. Software Wars: The Distance between Public Objectives and the Actual Use of Information Technology
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. ENDNOTES
  8. Chapter 2: Towards a Nationally Pertinent System of Knowledge, Science, and Technology
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. TOWARDS A CONCEPTION OF A NATIONAL PERTINENT KST AND FKST
    4. THE DOMINANT ROLE OF WESTERN KNOWLEDGE, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    5. A NATIONALLY PERTINENT (AUTOCHTHONOUS AND CREATIVE) KST SYSTEM
    6. CURRENT LATIN-AMERICAN SITUATION WITH RESPECT TO FKST AND KST
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. ENDNOTES
  9. Chapter 3: Sleight of Hand or Global Problem
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. INTERNET'S GOVERNANCE
    4. ON THE DEFINITION OF “NET NEUTRALITY”
    5. BRIEF BACKGROUND ON THE PUBLIC CONSULTATIONS
    6. CORE ISSUES
    7. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    11. ENDNOTES
  10. Chapter 4: Impact and Potential of Emerging Technologies for Fostering Democracy
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND DEMOCRACY
    4. LEADERSHIP, CULTURE, AND TECHNOLOGY
    5. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, BELIEF, PRESS AND TECHNOLOGY
    6. RULE OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY
    7. HUMAN RIGHTS AND TECHNOLOGY
    8. INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY AND TECHNOLOGY
    9. TECHNOLOGY AND DEMOCRACY: IMPLICATIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS
    10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    11. CONCLUSION
    12. REFERENCES
    13. ADDITIONAL READING
    14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Chapter 5: Cultural and Collective Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Venezuela
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. RIGHT TO COLLECTIVE INDIGENOUS HERITAGE
    5. COLLECTIVE’S RIGHTS AS A POINT OF ARRIVAL OF THE PRINCIPLE OF SELF-DETERMINATION
    6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTES
  12. Chapter 6: Patents and Scientific Research
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. FUNDING
    4. ANTICOMMONS
    5. BROAD PATENTS
    6. LITIGATION CULTURE
    7. SECRECY
    8. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUDING REMARKS
    9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    12. ENDNOTES
  13. Chapter 7: Social Media and Free Knowledge
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. MASS MEDIA AND SOCIAL MEDIA IN OUR LIVES
    3. PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE IN THE PUBLIC OPINION FORMATION
    4. MEDIA (BIAS) AND PUBLIC OPINION FORMATION
    5. SOCIAL KNOWLEDGE: TOWARDS AN EMANCIPATE UTILIZATION OF THE SOCIAL MEDIA
    6. REFERENCES
    7. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    8. ENDNOTES
  14. Chapter 8: Political Framework of the Production and Use of Seeds in Venezuela
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. POLITICAL ASPECTS OF THE PRODUCTION AND USE OF SEEDS IN VENEZUELA
    5. THE INTERNATIONAL REGIMES OF THE PRODUCTION AND USE OF SEEDS: ECO-POLITICS AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS (PARADOXES, PARADIGMS AND ANTIPODES)
    6. SOMES LEGAL ASPECTS OF THE PRODUCTION AND USE OF SEEDS IN VENEZUELA
    7. CRITICAL APPRAISAL, SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    13. ENDNOTES
  15. Chapter 9: A New Approach to Knowledge Sharing
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. A NEW WAY TO SHARE KNOWLEDGE
    4. CONSTITUTIVE ELEMENTS OF A MULTIFACTORY AND DYNAMICS BETWEEN AGENTS
    5. THE RESEARCH PROJECT
    6. BACKGROUND
    7. CONCLUSIONS
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  16. Chapter 10: Open Modelling for Simulators
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH: TOOLS TO AID OPEN MODELLING
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. ENDNOTES
  17. Chapter 11: The State of Technology in Venezuela in the Context of Production Chains
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY?
    4. TECHNOLOGY AS KNOWLEDGE
    5. TECHNOLOGY AS INFRASTRUCTURE
    6. THE SAWMILL (PRODUCTION CHAIN) METAPHOR
    7. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY?
    8. THE TYPES OF FORCES IN PLAY
    9. LINKAGE NETWORKS AS SUPERSTRUCTURES
    10. THE ROAD TO TECHNOLOGICAL SOVEREIGNTY
    11. BACKGROUND
    12. TECHNOLOGY IN VENEZUELA
    13. CONCLUSION ABOUT THE VENEZUELA TECHNOLOGICAL FAILURE
    14. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE ACQUISITION OF TECHNOLOGY
    15. THE IMPORTANCE OF PUBLIC ASSETS
    16. THE CULTIVATION OF TECHNOLOGY AND PRACTICAL LEADERSHIP
    17. TEACHING AND RESEARCH
    18. REFERENCES
    19. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    20. END NOTES
  18. Related References
  19. Compilation of References
  20. About the Contributors