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Smart Grid: Technology and Applications

Book Description

This book provides discussion on the fundaments of the Smart Grid concept and then describes the technologies that are required for its realisation. It allows the reader to engage with the immediate development of the power system and to take part in the debate over the future Smart Grid. The book opens with an overview on understanding the Smart Grid, and then is divided into three sections. Section 1 ('Information and Communications Technologies') covers communication standards for the Smart Grid. Section Two discusses sensing, measurement, control and automation.Smart metering and demand side participation are described in detail, before distribution automation and the distribution management system. The last chapter of this section covers advanced transmission system operation. Section Three looks at power electronic and advanced components. First of all the topic of power electronics in power demand and supply is presented. Enabling technologies and advanced components are described last of all, giving a balanced view of Smart Grids.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. About the Authors
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. List of Abbreviations
  9. 1: The Smart Grid
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Why implement the Smart Grid now?
    3. 1.3 What is the Smart Grid?
    4. 1.4 Early Smart Grid initiatives
    5. 1.5 Overview of the technologies required for the Smart Grid
    6. References
  10. Part I: Information and Communication Technologies
    1. 2: Data Communication
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Dedicated and shared communication channels
      3. 2.3 Switching techniques
      4. 2.4 Communication channels
      5. 2.5 Layered architecture and protocols
      6. References
    2. 3: Communication Technologies for the Smart Grid
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Communication technologies
      3. 3.3 Standards for information exchange
      4. References
    3. 4: Information Security for the Smart Grid
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Encryption and decryption
      3. 4.3 Authentication
      4. 4.4 Digital signatures
      5. 4.5 Cyber security standards
      6. References
  11. Part II: Sensing, Measurement, Control and Automation Technologies
    1. 5: Smart Metering and Demand-Side Integration
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Smart metering
      3. 5.3 Smart meters: An overview of the hardware used
      4. 5.4 Communications infrastructure and protocols for smart metering
      5. 5.5 Demand-side integration
      6. References
    2. 6: Distribution Automation Equipment
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Substation automation equipment
      3. 6.3 Faults in the distribution system
      4. 6.4 Voltage regulation
      5. References
    3. 7: Distribution Management Systems
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Data sources and associated external systems
      3. 7.3 Modelling and analysis tools
      4. Example 7.3
      5. 7.4 Applications
      6. References
    4. 8: Transmission System Operation
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Data sources
      3. 8.3 Energy management systems
      4. 8.4 Wide area applications
      5. 8.5 Visualisation techniques
      6. References
  12. Part III: Power Electronics and Energy Storage
    1. 9: Power Electronic Converters
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Current source converters
      3. 9.3 Voltage source converters
      4. References
    2. 10: Power Electronics in the Smart Grid
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Renewable energy generation
      3. 10.3 Fault current limiting
      4. 10.4 Shunt compensation
      5. 10.5 Series compensation
      6. References
    3. 11: Power Electronics for Bulk Power Flows
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 FACTS
      3. 11.3 HVDC
      4. References
    4. 12: Energy Storage
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Energy storage technologies
      3. 12.3 Case study 1: Energy storage for wind power
      4. 12.4 Case study 2: Agent-based control of electrical vehicle battery charging
      5. References
  13. Index