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Smart Grid: Communication-Enabled Intelligence for the Electric Power Grid

Book Description

This book bridges the divide between the fields of power systems engineering and computer communication through the new field of power system information theory.

Written by an expert with vast experience in the field, this book explores the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will evolve tomorrow. The book focuses upon what differentiates the smart grid from the "traditional" power grid as it has been known for the last century. Furthermore, the author provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of both power systems and communication networking. It shows the complexity and operational requirements of the evolving power grid, the so-called "smart grid," to the communication networking engineer; and similarly, it shows the complexity and operational requirements for communications to the power systems engineer.

The book is divided into three parts. Part One discusses the basic operation of the electric power grid, covering fundamental knowledge that is assumed in Parts Two and Three. Part Two introduces communications and networking, which are critical enablers for the smart grid. It also considers how communication and networking will evolve as technology develops. This lays the foundation for Part Three, which utilizes communication within the power grid. Part Three draws heavily upon both the embedded intelligence within the power grid and current research, anticipating how and where computational intelligence will be implemented within the smart grid. Each part is divided into chapters and each chapter has a set of questions useful for exercising the readers' understanding of the material in that chapter.

Key Features:

  • Bridges the gap between power systems and communications experts

  • Addresses the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will likely evolve tomorrow

  • Explores the smart grid from the perspective of traditional power systems as well as from communications

  • Discusses power systems, communications, and machine learning that all define the smart grid

  • It introduces the new field of power system information theory

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Title Page
    3. Copyright Page
    4. About the Author
    5. Preface
      1. Objective
      2. Genesis
      3. Approach and Content
    6. Acknowledgements
    7. Acronyms
    8. Part One: Electric Power Systems: The Main Component
      1. 1: Introduction to Power Systems Before Smart Grid
        1. 1.1 Overview
        2. 1.2 Yesterday’s Grid
        3. 1.3 Fundamentals of Electric Power
        4. 1.4 Case Studies: Postmortem Analysis of Blackouts
        5. 1.5 Drivers Toward the Smart Grid
        6. 1.6 Goals of the Smart Grid
        7. 1.7 A Few Words on Standards
        8. 1.8 From Energy and Information to Smart Grid and Communications
        9. 1.9 Summary
        10. 1.10 Exercises
      2. 2: Generation
        1. 2.1 Introduction to Generation
        2. 2.2 Centralized Generation
        3. 2.3 Management and Control: Introducing Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems
        4. 2.4 Energy Storage
        5. 2.5 Summary
        6. 2.6 Exercises
      3. 3: Transmission
        1. 3.1 Introduction
        2. 3.2 Basic Power Grid Components
        3. 3.3 Classical Power Grid Analytical Techniques
        4. 3.4 Transmission Challenges
        5. 3.5 Wireless Power Transmission
        6. 3.6 Summary
        7. 3.7 Exercises
      4. 4: Distribution
        1. 4.1 Introduction
        2. 4.2 Protection Techniques
        3. 4.3 Conservation Voltage Reduction
        4. 4.4 Distribution Line Carrier
        5. 4.5 Summary
        6. 4.6 Exercises
      5. 5: Consumption
        1. 5.1 Introduction
        2. 5.2 Loads
        3. 5.3 Variability in Consumption
        4. 5.4 The Consumer Perspective
        5. 5.5 Visibility
        6. 5.6 Flexibility for the Consumer
        7. 5.7 Summary
        8. 5.8 Exercises
    9. Part Two: Communication and Networking: The Enabler
      1. 6: What is Smart Grid Communication?
        1. 6.1 Introduction
        2. 6.2 Energy and Information
        3. 6.3 System View
        4. 6.4 Power System Information Theory
        5. 6.5 Communication Architecture
        6. 6.6 Wireless Communication Introduction
        7. 6.7 Summary
        8. 6.8 Exercises
      2. 7: Demand-Response and the Advanced Metering Infrastructure
        1. 7.1 Introduction
        2. 7.2 Demand-Response
        3. 7.3 Advanced Metering Infrastructure
        4. 7.4 IEEE 802.15.4, 6LoWPAN, ROLL, and RPL
        5. 7.5 IEEE 802.11
        6. 7.6 Summary
        7. 7.7 Exercises
      3. 8: Distributed Generation and Transmission
        1. 8.1 Introduction
        2. 8.2 Distributed Generation
        3. 8.3 The Smart Power Transmission System
        4. 8.4 Wireless Power Transmission
        5. 8.5 Wide-Area Monitoring
        6. 8.6 Networked Control
        7. 8.7 Summary
        8. 8.8 Exercises
      4. 9: Distribution Automation
        1. 9.1 Introduction
        2. 9.2 Protection Coordination Utilizing Distribution Automation
        3. 9.3 Self-healing, Communication, and Distribution Automation
        4. 9.4 Summary
        5. 9.5 Exercises
      5. 10: Standards Overview
        1. 10.1 Introduction
        2. 10.2 National Institute of Standards and Technology
        3. 10.3 International Electrotechnical Commission
        4. 10.4 International Council on Large Electric Systems
        5. 10.5 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
        6. 10.6 American National Standards Institute
        7. 10.7 International Telecommunication Union
        8. 10.8 Electric Power Research Institute
        9. 10.9 Other Standardization-Related Activities
        10. 10.10 Summary
        11. 10.11 Exercises
    10. Part Three: Embedded and Distributed Intelligence for a Smarter Grid: The Ultimate Goal
      1. 11: Machine Intelligence in the Grid
        1. 11.1 Introduction
        2. 11.2. Machine Intelligence and Communication
        3. 11.3 Computing Models for Smart Grid
        4. 11.4 Machine Intelligence in the Grid
        5. 11.5 Machine-to-Machine Communication in Smart Grid
        6. 11.6 Summary
        7. 11.7 Exercises
      2. 12: State Estimation and Stability
        1. 12.1 Introduction
        2. 12.2 Networked Control
        3. 12.3 State Estimation
        4. 12.4 Distributed State Estimation
        5. 12.5 Stability
        6. 12.6 Stability and High-Penetration Distributed Generation
        7. 12.7 Summary
        8. 12.8 Exercises
      3. 13: Synchrophasor Applications
        1. 13.1 Introduction
        2. 13.2 Synchrophasors
        3. 13.3 Phasor Measurement Unit
        4. 13.4 Networking Synchrophasor Information
        5. 13.5 Synchrophasor Applications
        6. 13.6 Summary
        7. 13.7 Exercises
      4. 14: Power System Electronics
        1. 14.1 Introduction
        2. 14.2 Power System Electronics
        3. 14.3 Power Electronic Transformer
        4. 14.4 Protection Devices and Current Limiters
        5. 14.5 Superconducting Technologies
        6. 14.6 Summary
        7. 14.7 Exercises
      5. 15: Future of the Smart Grid
        1. 15.1 Introduction
        2. 15.2 Geomagnetic Storms as Generators
        3. 15.3 Future Microgrids
        4. 15.4 Nanoscale Communication Networks
        5. 15.5 Emerging Technologies
        6. 15.6 Near-Space Power Generation
        7. 15.7 Summary
        8. 15.8 Exercises
    11. Appendix: Smart Grid Simulation Tools
      1. Simulators
      2. OpenDSS
      3. PowerWorld Simulator Version 16
      4. Matpower
      5. Network Simulator: ns-2 and ns-3
      6. GridSim
      7. GridLab-D
    12. References
    13. Index