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Site Automation

Book Description

The Cambridge Handbooks on Construction Robotics discuss progress in robot systems theory and demonstrate their integration using real systematic applications and projections for off-site as well as on-site building production. Site Automation extends the new technology of robotics in building-component manufacturing and construction introduced in earlier volumes to on-site structured environments and on-site automated factories. This volume explores 30 different worldwide systems within a careful analytical framework in which the best conceptual features are extracted in order to help professionals and researchers develop new applications. The analytical approach splits the systems studies into a technical portion and a portion that focuses on parameters related to productivity, efficiency, and economic performance. A benefit of automated on-site factories is the integration of several stand-alone, single-task construction robots into structured on-site environments with networked machine systems to show improvements in on-site organization, integration, and material flow.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half title
  3. Cambridge Handbooks on Construction Robotics
  4. Title page
  5. Imprints page
  6. Contents
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. Glossary
  9. 1 Integrated Automated/Robotic On-site Factories
    1. 1.1 Framework for Technical and Efficiency Analysis
  10. 2 Analysis and Categorization: Construction
    1. 2.1 Sky Factory (moving upwards) – Supported by Building
      1. 2.1.1 Automated Building Construction System (ABCS)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Rough Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Experiments with Degree of Automation/System Configuration/Worker Teams
          4. Productivity
          5. Learning Effects
          6. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
          7. Safety
          8. Usability
        3. ABCS Application Example 1
        4. ABCS Application Example 2
        5. ABCS Application Example 3
        6. ABCS Application Example 4
      2. 2.1.2 Akatuki 21
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Rough Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
      3. 2.1.3 Future Automated Construction Efficient System (FACES)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Detailed Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Technical Data, Speed of Equipment
          4. Experiments with Degree of Automation/System Configuration/Worker Teams
          5. Productivity
          6. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
      4. 2.1.4 Mast Climbing Construction System (MCCS)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Floor Erection Cycle
          2. Technical Data Speed of Equipment
      5. 2.1.5 Roof Push-up Construction Method
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Floor Erection Cycle
          2. Experiments with Degree of Automation/System Configuration/Worker Teams
          3. Productivity
          4. Results
          5. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
          6. Central Control System
      6. 2.1.6 Roof-Robo Automated Construction System
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
      7. 2.1.7 Shimizu Manufacturing System by Advanced Robot Technology (SMART)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Detailed Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Technical Data, Speed of Equipment
          4. Experiments with the Degree of Automation/System Configuration/Worker Teams
          5. Productivity
          6. Learning Effects
          7. Reduction of Construction Waste
          8. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
          9. Safety
        3. SMART Application Example 1
        4. SMART Application Example 2
        5. SMART Application Example 3
      8. 2.1.8 System Netherlands
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
    2. 2.2 Sky Factory (moving upwards) on Stilts (extending)
      1. 2.2.1 Big Canopy
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Detailed Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Technical Data, Speed of Equipment
          4. Experiments with Degree of Automation/System Configuration/Worker Teams
          5. Productivity
          6. Learning Effects
          7. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
          8. Safety
          9. Physical Strain
          10. Influence of the Weather
      2. Big Canopy Application Example 1
        1. Big Canopy Application Example 2
        2. Big Canopy Application Example 3
      3. 2.2.2 SMART Light
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. ROD
    3. 2.3 Sky Factory Pulled Up by Core (main factory and core factory moving upwards)
      1. 2.3.1 Totally Mechanized Construction System for High-Rise Buildings (T-Up)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. FEC (Figure 2.225):
          2. Productivity (Figures 2.226–2.228):
      2. 2.3.2 Robotic and Crane-Based Automatic Construction System (RCACS)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
    4. 2.4 Ground Factory (fixed location, vertically oriented building) and Building Push-up
      1. 2.4.1 Automatic Up-Rising Construction by Advanced Technique (AMURAD)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Detailed Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Technical Data, Speed of Equipment
          4. Productivity
          5. Learning Effects
          6. Product Quality and Process Monitoring
    5. 2.5 Ground Factory (fixed location, horizontally oriented building) and Building Push-up
      1. 2.5.1 System Skanska
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design:
      2. 2.5.2 J-Up
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. System Variations
    6. 2.6 Off- and On-site Combined Factory (both in a fixed location)
      1. 2.6.1 NCC Komplett
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation and Ground Plan
          3. Subsystems
          4. System Variations
          5. Robot-Oriented Design
    7. 2.7 Self-Supported Ground Factory (horizontally moving)
      1. 2.7.1 Bauhelling Summerfield
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme, Elevation and Ground Plan
          2. Subsystems
          3. End-effectors
          4. System Variations
          5. Robot-Oriented Design
      2. 2.7.2 Bauschiff
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme, Elevation and Ground Plan
          2. Subsystems
          3. End-effectors
          4. System Variations
          5. Robot-Oriented Design
    8. 2.8 Sky Factory (moving upwards) for Simple Tower Manufacturing
      1. 2.8.1 TS-Up
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design:
      2. 2.8.2 Tower-SMART
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
    9. 2.9 Centralized Sky Factory (moving upwards) in Combination with Conventional Construction
      1. 2.9.1 Hybrid Automated Building Construction System (Hybrid-ABCS)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
        2. Efficiency Analysis
          1. Rough Project Schedule
          2. Floor Erection Cycle
          3. Productivity
          4. Learning Effects
      2. 2.9.2 Hybrid Shimizu Manufacturing System by Advanced Robot Technology (Hybrid-SMART)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
    10. 2.10 Decentralized Sky Factory (moving upwards) in Combination with Conventional Construction
      1. 2.10.1 An Example of a Decentralized Subsystem Application of Automated Building Construction System (ABCS subsystems)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
      2. 2.10.2 An Example of a Decentralized Subsystem Application of Shimizu Manufacturing System by Advanced Robot Technology (SMART subsystems)
        1. Analysis of Technology and Composition
          1. Evolution Scheme
          2. Elevation
          3. Ground Plan
          4. Subsystems
          5. End-effectors
          6. System Variations
          7. Robot-Oriented Design
  11. 3 Analysis and Categorization: Deconstruction
    1. 3.1 Closed Sky Factory Supported by Building (moving downwards)
      1. 3.1.1 HAT Down
        1. Evolution Scheme
        2. Elevation
        3. Ground Plan
        4. Subsystems
        5. End-effectors
        6. System Variations
        7. Robot-Oriented Design
      2. 3.1.2 Taisei Ecological Reproduction System (TECOREP)
        1. Evolution Scheme
        2. Elevation
        3. Ground Plan
        4. Subsystems
        5. End-effectors
        6. System Variations
        7. Robot-Oriented Design
        8. Project 1
        9. Project 2
    2. 3.2 Open Sky Factory Supported by Building (moving downwards)
      1. 3.2.1 Move Hat
        1. Evolution Scheme
        2. Elevation
        3. Ground Plan
        4. Subsystems
        5. End-effectors
        6. System Variations
        7. Robot-Oriented Design
      2. 3.2.2 Reverse Construction Method (RCM)
        1. Evolution Scheme
        2. Elevation
        3. Ground Plan
        4. Subsystems
        5. End-effectors
        6. System Variations
        7. Robot-Oriented Design
      3. 3.2.3 Quakeproof, Quiet, Quick and Block-by-Block Building Disassembly (Cube Cut Method)
        1. Evolution Scheme
        2. Elevation
        3. Ground Plan
        4. Subsystems
        5. End-effectors
        6. System Variations
        7. Robot-Oriented Design
    3. 3.3 Ground Factory (fixed place) and Building Lowering
      1. 3.3.1 Cut and Take Down Method “Daruma Otoshi” (DARUMA)
        1. Evolution Scheme
        2. Elevation and Ground Plan
        3. Subsystems and End-effectors
        4. System Variations
        5. Robot-Oriented Design
        6. Deconstruction Project 2008
        7. Deconstruction Project 2012
  12. 4 Conclusion: Discrepancy between Technical Capability and Efficiency
  13. References
  14. Index