You are previewing Simulation in Textile Technology.
O'Reilly logo
Simulation in Textile Technology

Book Description

The use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation can vastly improve the quality, efficiency and economic success of textile technology. Simulation in textile technology provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production.

After an introduction to modelling and simulation, Simulation in textile technology goes on to review the principles and applications of the main types of model. The book first discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic. It then considers computational fluid dynamics and finite element modelling. The modelling of fibrous structures and yarns are considered in the following chapters, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures. The book concludes by reviewing the simulation of textile processes and machinery.

With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Simulation in textile technology is a valuable reference tool for all those involved in both developing models of textile processes and those applying them to improve process efficiency and product quality.

  • Provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production
  • Discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic
  • Considers the modelling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. Preface
  9. Chapter 1: Introduction to modelling and simulation in textile technology
    1. Abstract:
    2. 1.1 Introduction to simulation
    3. 1.2 Simulation with and without computers
    4. 1.3 Modelling: white, black and grey box models
    5. 1.4 Expert systems and other knowledge-based models
    6. 1.5 Applications of expert systems to textile technology
  10. Chapter 2: Neural networks and their application to textile technology
    1. Abstract:
    2. 2.1 Introduction: biological background
    3. 2.2 Models of artificial neural networks
    4. 2.3 The backpropagation algorithm
    5. 2.4 Counterpropagation
    6. 2.5 Other types of neural networks
    7. 2.6 Applications of neural networks to textile technology
    8. 2.7 Practical advice in applying neural networks
    9. 2.8 Summary
    10. 2.9 Web references for software tools
  11. Chapter 3: Evolutionary methods and their application to textile technology
    1. Abstract:
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Biological background
    4. 3.3 Mathematical models of evolution strategy
    5. 3.4 Genetic algorithms
    6. 3.5 Comparison of evolutionary algorithms and iteration processes
    7. 3.7 Practical advice in applying evolutionary methods
    8. 3.8 Web references for software tools
  12. Chapter 4: Fuzzy logic and its application to textile technology
    1. Abstract:
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Imprecise mathematics
    4. 4.3 Set operations
    5. 4.4 Fuzzy logic versus probabilistic logic
    6. 4.5 Ultra-fuzzy logic
    7. 4.6 Fuzzy control
    8. 4.7 Fuzzy control with four input and one output variable
    9. 4.8 Applications of fuzzy logic in textile technology
    10. 4.9 Practical advice in applying fuzzy logic
    11. 4.10 Web references for software tools
  13. Chapter 5: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and its application to textile technology
    1. Abstract:
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 From reality to simulation
    4. 5.3 Simulation of currents with fibres, yarns and textiles
    5. 5.4 Validation methods
    6. 5.5 Economic aspects
    7. 5.6 Applications of computational fluid dynamics to textile technology
    8. 5.7 Practical advice in applying computational fluid dynamics
    9. 5.8 Summary
    10. 5.9 Web references for software tools
  14. Chapter 6: The finite element method (FEM) and its application to textile technology
    1. Abstract:
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Modelling of mechanical systems
    4. 6.3 Elements of elastic models
    5. 6.4 Error estimation and refinement
    6. 6.5 Nonlinear problems
    7. 6.6 FEM Software
    8. 6.7 Future trends
    9. 6.8 Sources of further information
  15. Chapter 7: Simulation of fibrous structures and yarns
    1. Abstract:
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Fibres and yarns: definitions and factors affecting quality
    4. 7.3 Fibrous assemblies: volume, density and mass
    5. 7.4 Yarn parameters: fineness, density, diameter and twist
    6. 7.5 Modelling of internal yarn geometry: helical yarn model
    7. 7.6 Stress–strain relations
    8. 7.7 The relationship between yarn count, twist, packing density and diameter
    9. 7.8 A simple mechanical model of yarn properties
    10. 7.9 Mechanics of parallel fibre bundles
    11. 7.10 Examples of models of fibrous assemblies and yarns
    12. 7.11 Acknowledgement
  16. Chapter 8: Simulation of wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures
    1. Abstract:
    2. 8.1 Introduction: objectives of simulating yarn- based structures
    3. 8.2 Principles of geometrical and mechanical modelling
    4. 8.3 Simulation of wound packages
    5. 8.4 Simulation of woven structures
    6. 8.5 Simulation of braided structures
    7. 8.6 Simulation of knitted structures
    8. 8.7 Future trends
    9. 8.8 Sources of further information
  17. Chapter 9: Simulation of textile machinery
    1. Abstract:
    2. 9.1 Introduction: simulation methods to optimize machine settings and product quality
    3. 9.2 Simulating yarn production and processing: ring/rotor spinning and false-twist texturing
    4. 9.3 Simulating fabric production: weft insertion and warp tension
    5. 9.4 Simulating finishing techniques: rolling and dyeing
    6. 9.5 Simulating plant layout and production planning: finishing operations
    7. 9.6 Practical advice in simulating textile machinery
  18. Index