You are previewing Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits.
O'Reilly logo
Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits

Book Description

This book provides a balanced account of analog, digital and mixed-mode signal processing with applications in telecommunications. Part I Perspective gives an overview of the areas of Systems on a Chip (Soc) and mobile communication which are used to demonstrate the complementary relationship between analog and digital systems. Part II Analog (continuous-time) and Digital Signal Processing contains both fundamental and advanced analysis, and design techniques, of analog and digital systems. This includes analog and digital filter design; fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms; stochastic signals; linear estimation and adaptive filters. Part III Analog MOS Integrated Circuits for Signal Processing covers basic MOS transistor operation and fabrication through to the design of complex integrated circuits such as high performance Op Amps, Operational Transconductance Amplifiers (OTA's) and Gm-C circuits. Part IV Switched-capacitor and Mixed-mode Signal Processing outlines the design of switched-capacitor filters, and concludes with sigma-delta data converters as an extensive application of analog and digital signal processing

  • Contains the fundamentals and advanced techniques of continuous-time and discrete-time signal processing.

  • Presents in detail the design of analog MOS integrated circuits for signal processing, with application to the design of switched-capacitor filters.

  • Uses the comprehensive design of integrated sigma-delta data converters to illustrate and unify the techniques of signal processing.

  • Includes solved examples, end of chapter problems and MATLAB® throughout the book, to help readers understand the mathematical complexities of signal processing.

The treatment of the topic is at the senior undergraduate to graduate and professional levels, with sufficient introductory material for the book to be used as a self-contained reference.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Quotes
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. About the Author
  7. Preface
  8. Part I: Perspective
    1. Chapter 1: Analog, Digital and Mixed-mode Signal Processing
      1. 1.1 Digital Signal Processing
      2. 1.2 Moore's Law and the “Cleverness” Factor
      3. 1.3 System on a Chip
      4. 1.4 Analog and Mixed-mode Signal Processing
      5. 1.5 Scope
  9. Part II: Analog (Continuous-time) and Digital Signal Processing
    1. Chapter 2: Analog Continuous-time Signals and Systems
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 The Fourier Series in Signal Analysis and Function Approximation
      3. 2.3 The Fourier Transformation and Generalized Signals
      4. 2.4 The Laplace Transform and Analog Systems
      5. 2.5 Elementary Signal Processing Building Blocks
      6. 2.6 Realization of Analog System Functions
      7. 2.7 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 3: Design of Analog Filters
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Ideal Filters
      3. 3.3 Amplitude-oriented Design
      4. 3.4 Frequency Transformations
      5. 3.5 Examples
      6. 3.6 Phase-oriented Design
      7. 3.7 Passive Filters
      8. 3.8 Active Filters
      9. 3.9 Use of MATLAB® for the Design of Analog Filters
      10. 3.10 Examples of the use of MATLAB®
      11. 3.11 A Comprehensive Application: Pulse Shaping for Data Transmission
      12. 3.12 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 4: Discrete Signals and Systems
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Digitization of Analog Signals
      3. 4.3 Discrete Signals and Systems
      4. 4.4 Digital Filters
      5. 4.5 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 5: Design of Digital Filters
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 General Considerations
      3. 5.3 Amplitude-oriented Design of IIR Filters
      4. 5.4 Phase-oriented Design of IIR Filters
      5. 5.5 FIR Filters
      6. 5.6 Comparison Between IIR and FIR Filters
      7. 5.7 Use of MATLAB® for the Design of Digital Filters
      8. 5.8 A Comprehensive Application: Pulse Shaping for Data Transmission
      9. 5.9 Conclusion
    5. Chapter 6: The Fast Fourier Transform and its Applications
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Periodic Signals
      3. 6.3 Non-periodic Signals
      4. 6.4 The Discrete Fourier Transform
      5. 6.5 The Fast Fourier Transform Algorithms
      6. 6.6 Properties of the Discrete Fourier Transform
      7. 6.7 Spectral Analysis Using the FFT
      8. 6.8 Spectral Windows
      9. 6.9 Fast Convolution, Filtering and Correlation Using the FFT
      10. 6.10 Use of MATLAB®
      11. 6.11 Conclusion
    6. Chapter 7: Stochastic Signals and Power Spectra
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Random Variables
      3. 7.3 Analog Stochastic Processes
      4. 7.4 Discrete-time Stochastic Processes
      5. 7.5 Power Spectrum Estimation
      6. 7.6 Conclusion
    7. Chapter 8: Finite Word-length Effects in Digital Signal Processors
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Input Signal Quantization Errors
      3. 8.3 Coefficient Quantization Effects
      4. 8.4 Effect of Round-off Accumulation
      5. 8.5 Auto-oscillations: Overflow and Limit Cycles
      6. 8.6 Conclusion
    8. Chapter 9: Linear Estimation, System Modelling and Adaptive Filters
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Mean-square Approximation
      3. 9.3 Linear Estimation, Modelling and Optimum Filters
      4. 9.4 Optimum Minimum Mean-square Error Analog Estimation
      5. 9.5 The Matched Filter
      6. 9.6 Discrete-time Linear Estimation
      7. 9.7 Adaptive IIR Filtering and System Modelling
      8. 9.8 An Application of Adaptive Filters: Echo Cancellers for Satellite Transmission of Speech Signals
      9. 9.9 Conclusion
  10. Part III: Analog MOS Integrated Circuits for Signal Processing
    1. Chapter 10: MOS Transistor Operation and Integrated Circuit Fabrication
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 The MOS Transistor
      3. 10.3 Integrated Circuit Fabrication
      4. 10.4 Layout and Area Considerations for IC MOSFETs
      5. 10.5 Noise In MOSFETs
    2. Chapter 11: Basic Integrated Circuits Building Blocks
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 MOS Active Resistors and Load Devices
      3. 11.3 MOS Amplifiers
      4. 11.4 High Frequency Considerations
      5. 11.5 The Current Mirror
      6. 11.6 The CMOS Amplifier
      7. 11.7 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 12: Two-stage CMOS Operational Amplifiers
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 Op Amp Performance Parameters
      3. 12.3 Feedback Amplifier Fundamentals
      4. 12.4 The CMOS Differential Amplifier
      5. 12.5 The Two-stage CMOS Op Amp
      6. 12.6 A Complete Design Example
      7. 12.7 Practical Considerations and Other Non-ideal Effects in Operational Amplifier Design
      8. 12.8 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 13: High Performance CMOS Operational Amplifiers and Operational Transconductance Amplifiers
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Cascode CMOS Op Amps
      3. 13.3 The Folded Cascode Op Amp
      4. 13.4 Low-noise Operational Amplifiers
      5. 13.5 High-frequency Operational Amplifiers
      6. 13.6 Fully Differential Balanced Topology
      7. 13.7 Operational Transconductance Amplifiers
      8. 13.8 Conclusion
    5. Chapter 14: Capacitors, Switches and the Occasional Passive Resistor
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 MOS Capacitors
      3. 14.3 The MOS Switch
      4. 14.4 MOS Passive Resistors
      5. 14.5 Conclusion
  11. Part IV: Switched-capacitor and Mixed-mode Signal Processing
    1. Chapter 15: Design of Microelectronic Switched-capacitor Filters
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Sampled and Held Signals
      3. 15.3 Amplitude-oriented Filters of the Lossless Discrete Integrator Type
      4. 15.4 Filters Derived from Passive Lumped Prototypes
      5. 15.5 Cascade Design
      6. 15.6 Applications in Telecommunications: Speech Codecs and Data Modems
      7. 15.7 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 16: Non-ideal Effects and Practical Considerations in Microelectronic Switched-capacitor Filters
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Effect of Finite Op Amp Gain
      3. 16.3 Effect of Finite Bandwidth and Slew Rate of Op Amps
      4. 16.4 Effect of Finite Op Amp Output Resistance
      5. 16.5 Scaling for Maximum Dynamic Range
      6. 16.6 Scaling for Minimum Capacitance
      7. 16.7 Fully Differential Balanced Designs
      8. 16.8 More on Parasitic Capacitances and Switch Noise
      9. 16.9 Pre-filtering and Post-filtering Requirements
      10. 16.10 Programmable Filters
      11. 16.11 Layout Considerations
      12. 16.12 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 17: Integrated Sigma-Delta Data Converters: Extension and Comprehensive Application of Analog and Digital Signal Processing
      1. 17.1 Motivation and General Considerations
      2. 17.2 The First-order Converter
      3. 17.3 The Second-order Converter
      4. 17.4 Decimation and Digital Filtering
      5. 17.5 Simulation and Performance Evaluation
      6. 17.6 A Case Study: Fourth-order Converter
      7. 17.7 Conclusion
  12. Answers to Selected Problems
    1. Chapter 2
    2. Chapter 3
    3. Chapter 4
    4. Chapter 5
    5. Chapter 6
    6. Chapter 7
    7. Chapter 8
    8. Chapter 15
    9. References
  13. Index