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Separation Process Engineering, Second Edition by Phillip C. Wankat

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Chapter 13: Immiscible Extraction, Washing, Leaching and Supercritical Extraction

There are a number of other separation processes that can be analyzed, at least under limiting conditions, using McCabe-Thiele diagrams or the Kremser equation with an approach very similar to that used for absorption and stripping. These processes all require addition of a mass-separating agent.

13.1 EXTRACTION PROCESSES AND EQUIPMENT

Extraction is a process where one or more solutes are removed from a liquid by transferring the solute(s) into a second liquid phase. The two liquid phases must be immiscible (that is, insoluble in each other) or partially immiscible. In this chapter we will first discuss extraction equipment and immiscible extraction, while in ...

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